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Doctor insights on: Etiology Of Preeclampsia

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Possible risk factor, and etiology of iugr?

Possible risk factor, and etiology of iugr?

Multifactorial: There are a number of medical conditions preexisting in the mother that can increase risk of iugr, including hypertension, lupus, kidney disease, and sickle cell; fetal conditions such as abnormal chromosomes; twins or more; infection, placental disorders, smoking, and poor diet, as well as history of iugr in a prior pregnancy. ...Read more

Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
232 doctors shared insights

Toxemia (Definition)

Toxemia = blood poisoning by toxins. Toxemia is also a name for preeclampsia ( ^'ed blood pressure, albuminuria ...Read more


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The symptoms of fetal hemorrhage?

The symptoms of fetal hemorrhage?

Fetal demise.: Fetal hemorrhage is rare but potentially lethal. The mother may not have any symptoms (except painless vaginal bleeding in case of ruptured vasa previa) but the fetus can rapidly exsanguinate and die if this dire complication occurs. Rare intracranial hemorrhage is seen in the fetal life; this can be lethal or neurologically devastating, although mild cases can even go unnoticed. ...Read more

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What is the relation of family history of hypertension and gestational hypertension?

What is the relation of  family history of hypertension and gestational hypertension?

Develop hypertension: Having family history of hypertension or development of hypertension during pregnancy increases the risk of developing hypertension. ...Read more

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Is the pathophysiology of gestational hypertension the same as preeclampsia?

Is the pathophysiology of gestational hypertension the same as preeclampsia?

Great question; yes.: Current thinking is that both conditions have the same pathophysiology, involving placental release of anti-angiogenic peptides that aim to increase placental perfusion at the expense of maternal well-being. The main difference is proteinuria, which is an indirect measure of maternal renal involvement without correlation to perinatal outcome. ...Read more

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What is the cause of viral propagated eclampsia?

What is the cause of viral propagated eclampsia?

Not science: This term is not a medically recognized one. Eclampsia is not caused by a virus. ...Read more

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What type of anemia is associated withportal hypertension?

What type of anemia is associated withportal hypertension?

Hypersplenism: Portal Hypertension causes backup of blood in splenic area & this tends to cause hypersplenism where platelets & blood cells are sequestered. Portal hyper-tension also inhibits ability of liver to make clotting factors which may lead to increased Gastrointestinal bleeding. Portal Hypertension is sometimes associated with B12 & Folate (folic acid) deficiency. Medications used to treat may cause IV Hemolysis. ...Read more

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Signs of preeclampsia is migraines one of them?

Signs of preeclampsia is migraines one of them?

Pre eclampsia: Headaches are a symptom of pre eclampsia usually caused by high blood pressure. Migraines however, are not a symptom of preeclampsia. ...Read more

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What are the signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension?

What are the signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension?

Hypertesnion: Most common symptoms are headaches, if the pressure gets high visual blurriness and visual loss can also occur. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Glucose intolerance: The short paragraph here doesn't give me alot to explain this, but basically pregnancy is a relatively glucose resistant state and the more times you are pregnant, the more likely you get gestational diabetes. There are alterations in Insulin levels and Insulin resistance during the pregnancy. The typical american diet of high sugar processed foods doesn't help. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary hypertension?

What are the symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary  hypertension?

PH symptoms: High blood pressure in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (ph) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah). Idiopathic pah has no known cause. Symptoms are non-specific and often include shortness of breath, chest discomfort, light headedness, and even exertional fainting. ...Read more

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Causes of 1st trimester oligohydramnios?

Causes of 1st trimester oligohydramnios?

Fluids: Most common are inadequate fluid intake, too much caffeine, diabetes not well controlled, and test error. First trimester fluid estimates are very difficult to be accurate. ...Read more

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Whats the cause of uncontrolled hypertension?

Whats the cause of uncontrolled hypertension?

Uncontrolled hyperte: The most common cause is non compliance with prescribed treatment due to side effects, not able to afford meds and just ignoring the condition as it has no symptoms in most cases.Other causes are renal artery stenosis, hyperaldosteronism.Excessive salt intake, nonsteroidal drug use and other over the counter drugs, obstructive sleep apnea and chronic kidney disease. ...Read more

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Causes of hydronephrosis?

Causes of hydronephrosis?

Several: Blockage in the ureter, bladder neck or urethra. This can be internal, external or within the walls of these organs.There are several causes. ...Read more

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What's the probability of inheritance of diabetes?

What's the probability of inheritance of diabetes?

Depends: Check the presence of diabetes in the family: siblings, parents and grandparents as well as cousing aunt and uncle. Consider also the weight and level of physical activity. Those are all factor that interplay and genetic predisposition is a well know fact but genetic testing is not standard at this time. ...Read more

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Whats the medical meaning of postpartum hemorrhage ?

Whats the medical meaning of postpartum hemorrhage ?

Heavy bleeding: Postpartum hemorrhage means heavy vaginal bleeding after postpartum- loss of blood more than normal amount 500 ml. It is very serious, cause high maternal mortality, need immediate attention a as well as monitoring. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus usually?

What is the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus usually?

Poor sugar control: Most of the foods you consume is metabolized/changed into sugar (glucose) for body to use (similar to oil refining to gas u use for cars), but the sugar level is nicely regulated to about 60-100 in fasting state. When body can't keep it to this range and it is constantly/mostly high above 125 fasting, it is defined as diabetes. There are other ways to diagnosis diabetes. Consult doc. Good luck. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of familial hypertension?

What are the symptoms of familial  hypertension?

None: Hypertension is so dangerous because it causes few if any symptoms. People can have heart and brain damage from many years of high blood pressure and not know it. BP should be routinely checked once a year. ...Read more