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Doctor insights on: Esophical Cancer

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Esophegeal cancer markers?

Esophegeal cancer markers?

Not for early CA: Unfortunately , non to detect very early stages ca 125 , ca 19.9 , cea will be elevated at later stages, used to monitor the disease. Ca 72.4 cyfra 21.1 being tested .Scca (also for ca of cervix other squamous ca ). ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,351 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Is esophageal cancer treatable?

Is esophageal cancer treatable?

Yes: Definitely treatable. They approach to treatment will vary according to the stage of the disease. ...Read more

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Is lung cancer hereditary?

Is lung cancer hereditary?

Unclear: Non or never smokers can develop lung cancer if they have a genetic mutation to such genes as egfr or eml4/alk fusion translocation. For more info: http://bit.Ly/ygfoko. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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Large intestinal cancer. Is that colon cancer?

Large intestinal cancer. Is that colon cancer?

Yes: The large intestine and the colon are words to describe the same anatomic structure in the abdomen. ...Read more

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What is small cell carcinoma lung cancer with liver cancer stage 4?

What is small cell carcinoma lung cancer with liver cancer stage 4?

Bad situation: Small cell is a very bad cancer. Stage four is very advanced. Very poor prognosis at best-- usually months only. ...Read more

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Does breast cancer increase colon cancer risk?

Does breast cancer increase colon cancer risk?

Rarely.: Some hereditary mutations may increase the risk of both breast and colon cancer. Nevertheless, the majority of all breast and colon cancers are not hereditary. ...Read more

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Pancriatic cancer survival rate?

Pancriatic cancer  survival rate?

Generally low.: Survival rates for this cancer type are generally low. In about 10% of cases, surgical resection is curative (usually a whipple procedure). However, after this tumor reaches a point where signs like jaundice occur, it is fatal in 100% cases because it has already spread. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer genetic?

Is colon cancer genetic?

Sometimes: Some colon cancers are related to specific genetic mutations but the majority are not. ...Read more

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Is pancreatic cancer curable?

Is pancreatic cancer curable?

Sometimes: Typical pancreatic cancer (adenocarcinoma) is sometimes, but only rarely, curable. It is usually diagnosed in an advanced state making cure with surgery less likely. If relatively localized, chemotherapy and radiation therapy can improve survival time. ...Read more

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Is pancreatic cancer curable?

Is pancreatic cancer curable?

Yes/no: It's one of the worst cancers and the cure rates are low. It also depends on the stage and location of the tumor. Some early detected cancers with a tumor location away from the duodenum and biliary pathways carry better prognosis than other types. Also, the longer the tumor doesn't give out metastasis, the higher the chance of cure. ...Read more

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Colon cancer chemo necessary?

Colon cancer chemo necessary?

Depends on stage: Chemotherapy is never used for stage 1 cancers (early). It is sometimes used in stage 2 cancers (early but more advanced than stage 1). Chemotherapy is definitely beneficial in stage 3 cancers (locally advanced) and in stage 4 cancers (distant spread). ...Read more

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Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more

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Is pancreatic cancer genetic?

Is pancreatic cancer genetic?

A minority is.: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, arising from ducts/epithelial tissue, is mainly "sporadic", but can run in families. Pancreatic cancer has also been related to brca mutation, fammm syndrome, and some other inherited conditions. The familial pancreatic cancer registry is at johns hopkins. A minority of neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia (men) syndromes. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer curable?

Yes: Yes. Many people are cured with colon cancer. If found early surgery alone may be curable. If more advanced (eg, lymph node involvement or metastatic = spread to areas outside of colon), then chemotherapy may be needed. While less likely, even a few % of people with metastatic colon ca may be cured. ...Read more

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What are the survival statistics for breast cancer invasive ductal carcinoma?

What are the survival statistics for breast cancer invasive ductal carcinoma?

It depends on many f: Most women with localized breast cancer do very well and there is high cure rate. Overall 75%-80% of breast cancers are curable. But you need to know what stage of cancer it is? You should also know what subtype(there are 3 different types) of breast cancer it is. Further there is the matter of what type of adjuvant therapy(post surgery treatment) was used. I'am sure your oncologist can answeryr. ...Read more

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Is stomach cancer hereditary?

Sometimes: In certain instances, famililia predisposition has been reported.In addition, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (hnpcc) has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer. ...Read more

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Abdominal carcinamatosis from breast cancer metastasis?

Abdominal carcinamatosis from breast cancer metastasis?

Could Be: You have a known breast ca? Any other mets? Typically, one would expect mets to bone before abdomen. If pathology on both sites is the same then probably mets. If not, possible second primary (like ovary). Good luck. ...Read more

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Survival rate of stomach cancer stage 4?

Survival rate of stomach cancer stage 4?

4-18 months: Stage 4 stomach (gastric) cancer means the cancer has spread or metastasized to sites far from the stomach. Unfortunately, the prognosis is poor. The median range of survival for stage 4 gastric cancer is 4 - 18 months. Experimental treatment options may be available depending upon your locale. ...Read more

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Does apple cider vinegar decrease chance of esophical cancer and does have to be diluted?

No: It has no effect on your risk of esophageal cancer. If you want to decrease your risk, avoid alcohol, control any acid reflux you may have, and lose weight, if you are heavy. Apple cider vinegar will not affect your chances either way. Good luck. ...Read more

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What causes esophageal cancer? 

What causes esophageal cancer? 

Two types: Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux or gerd. This leads to barrett's metaplasia, then low grade dysplasia, then high grade dysplasia and then cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused generally by smoking and alcohol consumption which is synergistic. ...Read more

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Can you cure esophageal cancer?

Can you cure esophageal cancer?

It depends: Esophageal cancer can be cured if it is caught early. The prognosis depends largely on the stage of disease. Lower stage disease which is more localized is more easily cured. ...Read more

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How is esophageal cancer treated?

How is esophageal cancer treated?

Depends on stage: There are 4 stages of esophageal cancer (with a and b subtypes for some). For stage i and iia, the upfront therapy is surgery or esophagectomy. For stage iib or iii, treatment is chemoradiation followed by surgery, or definitive chemoradiation. For stage iv, the treatment is chemotherapy, + /- radiation. ...Read more

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Is esophageal cancer fast growing?

Is esophageal cancer fast growing?

Probably: Depending on what you consider fast..Needs to be treated within very few weeks of diagnosis. ...Read more

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How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

Endoscopy: Endoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing esophageal cancer. This is a fiberoptic camera placed through the mouth directly into the esophagus. Suspicious lesions can be biopsied directly. ...Read more

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How painful can esophageal cancer be?

How painful can esophageal cancer be?

Not at all, to very: Bad disease. Often no symptoms until well established. May have no heartburn. May have painful swallowing, and/or difficulty swallowing_ often progressive from solids to chopped, to liquids. Can cause pain, especially with spread. ...Read more

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Symptoms of esophageal cancer common?

Symptoms of esophageal cancer common?

Difficulty and/or: Pain on swallowing, leading to weight loss. Commonly associated with tobacco and alcohol use, now prevalent in overweight individuals with reflux. ...Read more

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How can you get an esophageal cancer?

How can you get an esophageal cancer?

Two types: Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux squamous cell carcinoma: caused by alcohol, smoking, previous radiation, nitrosamines, achalasia, caustic ingestion, chaga's disease, previous head and neck cancer. ...Read more

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How can you develop esophageal cancer?

How can you develop esophageal cancer?

Depends on the type: Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus for the most part is casued by smoking, consuming alcohol, nitrosamines, such as pickled foods and smoked meats. Adenocarcinoma is casued by acid reflux, which can lead to injury of the lining of the esophagus, causing barrett's metaplasia. Barrett's can lead to low grade, then high grade dysplasia, and finally esophageal adenocarcinoma. ...Read more

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How fast-growing is esophageal cancer?

How fast-growing is esophageal cancer?

Slow or Fast: It can be slow or fast, but generally its a slow process. Esophageal cancer tends to be circumferential, like a donut. As it grows, the hole or lumen becomes smaller, and can make it diffiult for food, then liquids to pass through. The diamter of your esophagus can get as narrow as 6mm (18french) before one gets symptoms. ...Read more

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What are the types of esophageal cancer?

What are the types of esophageal cancer?

Two major types: The most common in this country is adenocarcinoma. The second most common is squamous cell carcinoma. There are other very rare types such as melanoma, lymphoma and small cell. Also, esophageal cancer is categorized by location, i.e. Bottom third, middle third and upper third of the esophagus. The majority in this country are in the lower third. ...Read more

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What are the stages of esophageal cancer?

IV: There are 4 stages for esophageal cancer, with a and b substages. We use roman numerals. For stages i - iia, the treatment is the physically fit patient is surgery or esophagectomy. For stages iib and iii the treatment is chemotherapy and radiotherapy, followed by surgery, or in patients who do not want surgery, chemoradiotherapy alone. For stage IV treatment is chemotherapy +/- radiation. ...Read more

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Are there any cures for esophageal cancer?

Some times: Esophageal cancer is a bad disease, if detected stage o possible to have 80% to 90% 5 year survival, by stage IV 2.8 %. Only way to have good out come is to to catch it when the tumor is in the superficial part of mucosa, . ...Read more

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How does esophageal cancer cause coughing?

How does esophageal cancer cause coughing?

Airway irritation: Coughing in esophageal cancer is usually caused by airway (aka bronchus or wind pipe) irritation, most commonly by: 1. Aspiration (saliva and/or food going into the airway) due to obstruction of the esophagus by tumor or 2. A large tumor pushing on or growing into the airway. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is esophageal cancer?

What sort of disorder is esophageal cancer?

Cancer of lining: This is cancer of the lining of your swallowing tube or esophagus. This canne diagnosed in several ways, usually best by endoscopy. ...Read more

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What causes esophageal cancer? Who gets it?

Many factors: Factors predisposing to esophageal cancer are realated to age and sex with men over 65 at highest risk. This is followed by smokers, heavy drinking, obesity and acid reflux. At the cardioesophageal junction h.pylori plays an important role as does Baretts esophagus. ...Read more

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What are risk factors for esophageal cancer?

What are risk factors for esophageal cancer?

Two types: For adenocarcinoma, the main risk factor is acid reflux or gerd. For squamous cell carcinoma, the main risk factors are smoking and alcoholol. ...Read more

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