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Doctor insights on: Epinephrine And Glucagon

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How do hormones, glucagon and insulin work together to control blood glucose levels?

How do hormones, glucagon and insulin work together to control blood glucose levels?

In tandem: They work in tandem, with Insulin lowering blood sugar when needed and glucagon raising it when needed. However, in type 2 diabetes glucagon is stimulated inappropriately, raising glucose even further when it's already elevated. ...Read more

Dr. Stanley Schwartz
284 doctors shared insights

Glucagon (Definition)

Secreted by cells in pancrease (pancrelipase) that is normally higher overnight-tells liver to make sugar for brain to use overnight, and low during day when sugars in foods are used by brain. Always inappropriately elevated in patients with diabetes. Some medications for diabetes can reduce glucagon to improve blood sugar. Sometimes used asto raise blood sugar in someone unconsious due to ...Read more


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How can an increase in thyroxin, insulin, and adrenaline change blood glucose levels?

How can  an increase in thyroxin, insulin, and adrenaline change blood glucose levels?

Different mechanism: Insulin attempt to replace the Insulin that is deficient in your body. Thyroid is a hormone that sends signals to or organs including the pancreas and adrenaline. ...Read more

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Can hyperinsulinism in response to eating sugars cause a fast glucose drop and then hyperadrenalism thus resulting rollercoaster of insulin adrenalin?

Can hyperinsulinism in response to eating sugars cause a fast glucose drop and then hyperadrenalism thus resulting rollercoaster of insulin  adrenalin?

"Pop" claim: This speculation by some physiologists is dogma in some circles (especially the anti-refined sugar folks) but has little experimental support. Bread and potatoes produce almost as sharp a glucose spike as candy and fruit / juice, but they're more nutritious. The familiar postprandial shakiness is indeed about a rapid catecholamine response -- think stress, caffeine, etc. ...Read more

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What are norepinephrine and epinephrine's effects on heart rate, blood pressure, vasoconstriction, sensitivity to pain, and heat production.

What are norepinephrine and epinephrine's effects on heart rate, blood pressure, vasoconstriction, sensitivity to pain, and heat production.

EPI: It increases heart rate and blood pressure (sometimes dangerously). It causes vasoconstriction. Variable effect on pain but generally increases sensitivity and because it ramps up your metabolism it increases heat production. Follow your docs instructions very carefully and don't freelance. ...Read more

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How does insulin and glucagon work together to control blood sugar?

How does insulin and glucagon work together to control blood sugar?

Diabetes hormones: Insulin lowers blood sugar. Glucagon raises blood sugar. Normal blood sugar depends on the balance of the two hormones. In type 2 diabetes, Insulin doesn't work well and glucagon is overproduced, leading to higher blood sugar. ...Read more

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What's the difference and functions of glucose glycogen and glucagon?

What's the difference and functions of glucose glycogen and glucagon?

Many: Glucose= sugar molecule that we metabolize as our main source of energy. Glucogen= prefered way of the body to store glucose, a complex that can be broken down into glucose relatively quickly, stored mainly in liver and muscle. Glucagon= hormone secreted by the Alpha cells of the pancreas that immidiately makes your glycogen break up into glucose to keep your blood glucose normal. ...Read more

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Can an adrenaline rush prevent anaphylaxis shock?

Can an adrenaline rush prevent anaphylaxis shock?

Good point: Adrenaline ideally stops the progression of anaphylaxis, but once you are going through an anaphylactic reaction, it is hard to draw on your inner stores of adrenaline to counter act it. Injectable Epinephrine helps. ...Read more

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Difference between adrenaline and racemic epinephrine?

The form it comes in: Adrenaline is the chemical. Racemic epi is epi in an aerosol diluted form to deliver into the lungs to function as a bronchodilator and treats bronchial constriction, like in asthma or after removing an endo tracheal tube after surgery. It is a sympathetic (adrenaline) drug that leads to dilating the bronchial tubes. ...Read more

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What are insulin and proinsulin?

What are insulin and proinsulin?

Sugar hormones: Insulin is a major regulator of glucose levels. Insulin promotes the uptake of glucose, particularly by muscle and fat cells. This is why we use Insulin therapy in diabetes, as an Insulin injection will force glucose levels to fall. ProInsulin is a precursor of the Insulin molecule as it is being produced in the pancreas. Small amounts of proInsulin are detectable in the blood in this way. ...Read more

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In general, what does epinephrine do, i.e. how does it work to remedy anaphylactic reaction? Thank you.

In many: ways it helps- acts on a number of receptors causes constriction, or tightening, of the blood vessels, which decreases swelling and also helps to increase blood pressure, increases the heart’s contraction and heart rate, which can help to prevent or reverse cardiovascular collapse. Epinephrine relaxes the muscles around the airways in the lun ...Read more

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Hypersecretion of glucagon ?

Hypersecretion of glucagon
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It depends: Are you asking about a tumor in the pancreas that overproduces glucagon, or the poor regulation of glucagon secretion that worsens high blood sugars in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? ...Read more

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Am i allergic to epinephrine.

Am i allergic to epinephrine.

Epinephrine allergy: Symptoms you mention are effects experienced not benificial to you but accompany the effects one is desiring this is not allergy to the medicine but is called sideeffect like the skin of the fruit with the fruit you can still use the drug and minimize the side effects by not taking the full dose all at once also slowing down the pace of the injection sit down while injecting and lie down after. ...Read more

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Is benzene epinephrine?

No: Benzene is a very toxic organic (carbon-based) chemical. Structure here: http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/benzene Epinephrine is another name for adrenaline which acts as a hormone and a neurotransmitter in humans and other mammals. Structure here: http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/epinephrine Epinephrine includes a "benzene" ring, but the attached groups give it its unique behavior. ...Read more

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Can I use the epinephrine in ampule iv/im for a nosebleed?

Bad idea: Epinephrine will cause your blood vessels to constrict, but when given intravenously or intramuscularly, it will circulate through your whole body producing many other bad reactions. It is best to just hold pressure to stop the bleeding and seek medical care if this does not stop it. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:
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What happens if epinephrine doesn't work during anaphylaxis?

Dr. Al Hegab Dr. Hegab
2 doctors agreed:

Epinephrine: Known as epipen (epinephrine) can be given uo to 3 times 5 minutes apart to get a response, usually you get a good response from first dose, unless patient is on beta blockers you may need the extra doses or need glucagon ...Read more

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What would happen if I ingest the epinephrine from and epi-pen?

Heart problems: potential potential you could have a heart attack I would go to nearest emergency room ...Read more

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How effective is epinephrine (Medihaler-EPI) for treating croup?

How effective is epinephrine (Medihaler-EPI) for treating croup?

Vaponephrine: or racemiic epinephrine is very effective for croup if croup is recurrent there is an allergic basis to it medihaler epi is epinephrine used for asthma.and is not as effective as vaponephrine ...Read more

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Can you use 0.3mg of epinephrine by syringe instead of an epipen?

Can you use 0.3mg of epinephrine by syringe instead of an epipen?

Yes: You can, however, I think there is concern about appropriate dosing and that is why the epipen exists in the first place. However, that has crossed my mind as a possibility. ...Read more

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How do I tell people I carry epipen (epinephrine) if travel alone?

How do I tell people I carry epipen (epinephrine) if travel alone?

Simlple is best: Life threatening allergies are always a concern while traveling. If you meet up with someone while traveling let them know about your allergies. Something simple such as "i have a severe allergy to xyz which can be frightening to me and you. I always carry a an easy to use Epipen (epinephrine) in my........ May i take a moment to show you how it works?". Then show them how simple it is to use. ...Read more

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Can glucagon injection treat all types of glycogen storage disease?

Can glucagon injection treat all types of glycogen storage disease?

No: Glycogen storage disease are rare genetic disorders associated with a defect in processing glycogen. Some forms can be treated by eating simple sugars (corn starch), some have no particular treatment. I am not aware of glucagon being used in any of these disorders. ...Read more

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What's the difference and functions of glucose glycogen and glucagon?

Many: Glucose= sugar molecule that we metabolize as our main source of energy. Glucogen= prefered way of the body to store glucose, a complex that can be broken down into glucose relatively quickly, stored mainly in liver and muscle. Glucagon= hormone secreted by the Alpha cells of the pancreas that immidiately makes your glycogen break up into glucose to keep your blood glucose normal. ...Read more

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Is one injection of epinephrine enough to treat an allergic reaction?

Some need seconds: Some people may need a second injection of epinephrine, so always keep second Epipen handy or make sure you know how to use the second dose in your twinject. ...Read more

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I have tremors after being given epinephrine, will my tremors go away?

Very likely: Epinephrine can indeed induce tremors, especially in susceptible individuals, and this should depart over the next few days. If this does persist, see your doctor and check thyroid function, and a few other labs. Also, review your medications, as these may be contributing to your problems. ...Read more

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How to help a combative diabetic adult to administer glucagen (glucagon)?

How to help a combative diabetic adult to administer glucagen (glucagon)?

Very carefully!: Diabetic patients with severe hypoglycemia can be a challenge because they often won't agree with you what the best course of treatment is. As a rule, aim to give awake/conscious diabetic patients oral glucose (in any form - juice, pop, glucose gel, glucose tablets, candy, etc.). It will be easier to convince them to take that than a shot! save the glucagon injection for unconscious patients. ...Read more

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Can you cure someone who is having an allergic reaction with epinephrine?

Can you cure someone who is having an allergic reaction with epinephrine?

No cure: Epinephrine will block some of the acute inflammatory reactions and is therfore a temporary rescue to an allergic reaction. If this is not coupled with removal of the allergen and addition of longer acting anti-histamines or steroids, a delayed reaction with serious consequences can occur when the epi is metabolized and no longer present. The only cure is future avoidance of a known allergen. ...Read more

Dr. Krishna Kumar
468 doctors shared insights

Adrenaline (Definition)

Adrenalin(e) / Epinephrine is the hormone produced by the adrenal medulla that speeds and strengths the heart, dilates the airways, and shifts blood flow to the muscles. Often this is in response ...Read more


Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
37 doctors shared insights

Glucagen (Definition)

GlucaGen is a diabetes-related agent which is a kind of ...Read more