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Doctor insights on: Epidermal Nevus Syndrome

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What chromosome is congenital melanocytic nevi syndrome?

What chromosome is congenital melanocytic nevi syndrome?

No specific link: The congenital melanocytic nevus syndrome is considered sporadic in its occurrence.A few available studies of biopsy material have found abnormalities on the 1st, 12th or 19 th chromosome but no consistent pattern is reported.See the recent article : www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pmc/articles/pmc2994429. ...Read more

Dr. Coyle Connolly
1,107 doctors shared insights

Moles (Definition)

A mole (also called a nevus) is a localized overgrowth of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) in the skin. Most moles are benign. However, these cells can become cancerous. This is known as melanoma, ...Read more


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What causes dysplastic nevi syndrome?

What causes dysplastic nevi syndrome?

It is a familial: condition, but a lot is still not understood about transfer in families. Patients with this syndrome are at higher risk for abnormal moles and melanoma. So regular checks with dermatology is imperative ...Read more

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What are toxic epidermal necrolosys/steven johnson syndrome/erythema multiforme"?

What are toxic epidermal necrolosys/steven johnson syndrome/erythema multiforme"?

Serious Problem: Ten (toxic epidermal necrolysis) and (sjs) steven johnson syndrome are the same illness and only are separated by the percentage of body surface area involved. Erythema multiform is usually a much more limited problem. Ten/sjs can be caused by many things, and results in sloughing off of the skin in large areas and can cause severe infection, fluid loss and death. ...Read more

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What happens in dysplastic nevus syndrome?

What happens in dysplastic nevus syndrome?

Close monitoring: Dysplastic nevus syndrome is a condition in which the person has many (often 100's) atypical moles. With the syndrome, one has a higher risk of developing malignant melanoma, which is a high risk skin cancer. For this reason, frequent and close monitoring with self skin checks and routinely by a dermatologist is a must. ...Read more

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What is blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome?

What is blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome?

BRBNS : This condition is a rare, sometimes inherited condition consisting of vascular (blood vessel) abnormalities of the skin and intestines. ...Read more

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Is dysplastic nevus benign?

Is dysplastic nevus benign?

DYSPLASTIC NEVUS: THIS IS A NEVUS (MOLE) WITH AN ABNORMAL DEVELOPMENT OR GROWTH OF CELLS. THIS SHOULD BE SEEN BY A DERMATOLOGIST WHO WILL DECIDE WHETHER TO EITHER WATCH IT PERIODICALLY OR TO CUT IT OUT -- BIOPSY IT -- UNDER LOCAL ANESTHESIA AND THEN SEND THE SAMPLE TO A SPECIALIZED PATHOLOGIST FOR AN EXAMINATION. ...Read more

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What is pigment dispersion syndrome (krukenberg's spindle)?

What is pigment dispersion syndrome (krukenberg's spindle)?

Glaucoma risk: Pigmentary dispersion is a syndrome where pigment is liberated from the back to the iris due to chaffing and is released into the aqueous humor. The pigment gradually obstructs the drainage apparatus of the eye and in about 30% of the time, may cause enough elevation in the eye pressure to cause glaucoma (pigmentary glaucoma). Its more common in younger myopic males. Treatment is available. ...Read more

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How are johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis related?

How are johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis related?

Similar: They are similar but stevens johnson syndrome affects mucous membranes on eyes and mouth. Both are usually caused by reaction to medication but cancer and infections can be triggers also. ...Read more

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What happens in basal cell nevus syndrome?

Many skin cancers: Basal cell nevus syndrome is a rare condition characterized by multiple basal cell carcinomas. These can be large, aggressive and in atypical locations which are not areas of sun exposure. Regular monitoring is essential by a dermatologist or mohs surgeon. ...Read more

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How is blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome treated?

BRBNS : The skin lesions can be removed surgically if they become symptomatic. A gastroenterologist can offer treatment for the vascular lesions sometimes found in the intestines. ...Read more

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Is the neuroleptic malignant syndrome really malignant?

Is the neuroleptic malignant syndrome really malignant?

NO!: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (nms) is a life-threatening neurological disorder most often caused by an adverse reaction to neuroleptic or antipsychotic drugs. Nms typically consists of muscle rigidity, fever, autonomic instability, and cognitive changes such as delirium, and is associated with elevated plasma creatine phosphokinase. ...Read more

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Is paraneoplastic syndrome genetic?

Is paraneoplastic syndrome genetic?

No: There is no genetic relationship to the development of a paraneoplastic syndrome. ...Read more

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Is seborrheic keratosis a malignant skin cancer tumor?

Is seborrheic keratosis a malignant skin cancer tumor?

No: Sk's are nonmalignant tumors, nor are they premalignant. They often grow on sun damaged skin, so they often show up in the same areas which are at risk for skin cancers. Sk's require no treatment. See a md for eval & diagnosis. ...Read more

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What causes neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

What causes neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

NMS: Neuroleptics (antipsychotics) block certain Dopamine receptors in the hypothalamus (hypothalamic d-2 receptors) resulting in an elevated temperature set point and  impairment of the bodies ability to dissipate heat; it is also associated with blockade of other Dopamine receptors, which can  result in muscle rigidity and increased body temperature.. ...Read more

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Is cystic medial necrosis associated with ehlers-danlos syndrome (eds)?

Is cystic medial necrosis associated with ehlers-danlos syndrome (eds)?

Yes: Eds is a disease of the connective tissue with several sub-types. The connective tissue layer of the arteries can be affected and this can lead to cystic medial necrosis. This is a degenerative disease of the media of the aorta and other arteries with loss of elastic tissue and muscle cells. It is a pathological substrate for aortic dissection. Not all people affected get cmn. ...Read more

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What are frey syndrome, horner's syndrome and shy-drager syndrome?

What do they have in: They all have abnormalities of autonomics and other nervous sytem problems. ...Read more

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What causes pigment dispersion syndrome?

What causes pigment dispersion syndrome?

Lens fibers rub iris: When the supporting lens fibers (zonules) of the lens are anteriorly placed on the lens, they can rub against the back of the iris leading to scraping off pigment which then circulates through the front of the eye. Most this is an interesting anatomical happening but in some cases the pigment clogs the eye drains causing glaucoma. ...Read more

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Is lichenoid keratosis pre cancerous?

Is lichenoid keratosis pre cancerous?

No: If truly solitary and path shows changes like lichen planus, this is a benign entity. Biopsy or excision of entire lesion is often considered. ...Read more