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Yes, but not routine: There is not a vaccine for herpes virus or enterovirus, which are the more common causes of encephalitis. People living in or traveling to certain areas can ask their doctors about japanese encephalitis and tick-borne encephalitis vaccines, but those are not routine vaccinations in the U.S. ...Read more
The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more
It depends: Fungal meningitis is bad stuff, tough to treat successfully, but usually deadly if not treated. Herpes encephalitis can cause severe disability and/or death and should be aggressively treated as early as possible. Other viral meningitis cases could potentially resolve successfully even without medication, and are often not even clearly diagnosed initially. ...Read more
Inflamed brain: The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the neurons of the brain. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Encephalitis: Most viral encephalitis show none or few mild flu-like symptoms such as fever & headaches & fatigue & muscle/joint aches. More severe cases also show confusion, agitation, delirium, seizures, muscle weakness, double vision, smell/speech/hearing problems, loss of consciousness. Infants & young kids may also show stiffness, nausea, vomiting, irritability, constant crying, poor feeding. ...Read more
Variable: Mild infections may occur with mild symptoms of fever with headache. More severe infection is marked by quick onset, headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions (especially in infants) and spastic paralysis. It is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in asia. It is transmitted by rice field mosquitoes. ...Read more
Viral cultures: Enteroviruses, such as coxsackie, echo, and polio, replicate in the gastrointestinal track and may cause fever and vague GI symptoms. More serious disease can occur if the virus spread to the central nervous system (causing viral meningitis or even poliomyelitis) or heart (causing myocarditis). The stool, cerebrospinal fluid and heart tissue can be cultured for this group of viruses. ...Read more
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