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Doctor insights on: Enterococcus Endocarditis

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What is endocarditis?

What is endocarditis?

Heart infection: Infective endocarditis (ie) is an infection of the endocardial surface (lining) of the heart, which may include one or more heart valves, the walls, or a septal defect. People at greatest risk of endocarditis have a damaged heart valve, an artificial heart valve or other heart defects. ...Read more

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Dr. Martin Raff
207 doctors shared insights

Infection Of Heart Valves (Definition)

When a bacteria gets in the bloodstream, there is a chance of attaching to a heart valve. This is called endocarditis. If this happens, the bacteria can grow, causing lesions called vegetations to appear which can break off and plug small blood vessels in the hand, foot, or brain. The bacterial growth can also cause the valve to leak. If this is significant, valve ...Read more


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Are there other ailments that can produce the same symptoms as endocarditis? Can endocarditis get better on its own or does it get progressively worse

Are there other ailments that can produce the same symptoms as endocarditis? Can endocarditis get better on its own or does it get progressively worse

No: A wide spectrum of inflammatory and infectious diseases may give the same symptoms. Endocarditis if confirmed with blood culture and echocardiogram requires aggressive IV antibiotic course for a duration of 4-6 weeks and it does not get better without trreatment ...Read more

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How long does endocarditis take to become irreversible?

Highly variable : Endocarditis is usually treatable with antibiotics. If refractory, the infected structure (usually a valve) may need to be surgically removed. Some forms of endocarditis ("sub-acute bacterial endocarditis") can be present for months with mild symptoms but is still reversible. Depends on the bug, the drug, and the condition of the patient. ...Read more

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What body systems does endocarditis effects?

Endocarditis: read this: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/endocarditis/basics/definition/con-20022403

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How is endocarditis diagnosed?

How is endocarditis diagnosed?

Fever, murmur: It is difficult to know for sure some times but if there is fever with elevated sedimentation rate with a positive blood clture in a patient with a murmur an abnormal heart valve which may or may not cause congestive heart failure. An echocardiogram. May show the vegetations in the valve. The history helps...Most common in HIV patients IV drug users, or elderly pts. ...Read more

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How can endocarditis be diagnosed?

How can endocarditis be diagnosed?

Clinical findings: Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inside lining of the heart and often caused by a bacterial infection. It can be acute or subacute. The diagnosis is not made by any one test. Clinical examination can show certain physical features. Blood culture can identify a blood infection. Ecg and cardiac ultrasound can be useful to evaluate effects of the infection on the heart valves and muscle. ...Read more

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What causes endocarditis?

What causes endocarditis?

Infection: Bacteria are on #1 on the list, but fungus can do it too. Humans don't get heart worms, thank goodness. Viruses cause other kinds of mischief in the heart. ...Read more

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How is endocarditis treated?

How is endocarditis treated?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are the mainstay of therapy. Depending on the specifics, surgery may also be necessary (valve replacement). ...Read more

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If I had endocarditis previously, am I more susceptible to getting it again?

If I had endocarditis previously, am I more susceptible to getting it again?

Yes: Recurrence rates are quoted as high as a 20% chance of having a second episode of endocarditis. ...Read more

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Does endocarditis usually cause many symptoms?

Yes: Endocarditis, or infection of a heart valve, is a serious illness. In its acute form, there may be high fever, chills and sweats, generalized weakness, arrhythmias and heart failure. The subacute form is subtler and may gradually cause anemia, weakness, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, depression and eventually heart failure. Either form is potentially lethal. If suspected, it needs evaluation. ...Read more