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Doctor insights on: Endocarditis Prophylaxis Colonoscopy

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What is subacute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis?

What is subacute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis?

Prophylaxis: This is antibiotic therapy given before a procedure which may induce bacteria into the blood stream in a patient with pre-existing heart valve abnormalities. There is very little evidence outside of some animal studies to suggest the efficacy of this, but it is often used because the doctor believes it is effective, or in fear of subsequent litigation if they fail to do so. ...Read more

Dr. Martin Raff
240 doctors shared insights

Endocarditis (Definition)

An infection of the inner lining of your heart. It generally occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage or destroy your heart valves and can ...Read more


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Do patients undergoing dental procedures require endocarditis prophylaxis

Do patients undergoing dental procedures require endocarditis prophylaxis

Some do...: Some people do. Patients with artificial heart valves, previous history of infective endocarditis, joint replacements in the last 5 years do require it (there are other conditions, these are the most common). Patients with mitral valve prolapse, heart murmurs, stents, and pacemakers do not need prophylaxis. If there is a specific condition you are asking about, let me know. ...Read more

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Do I need antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis with acupuncture treatments?

Do I need antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis with acupuncture treatments?

No, but: You do need protection from HIV infection and hepatitis if the acupuncturist reuses their needles. Be sure you go to someone who is reputable. ...Read more

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Questions about acute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis for wisdom teeth?

Questions about acute bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis for wisdom teeth?

AHA Guidelines: The aha (american heart association) has the latest guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis to help prevent subacute bacterial endocarditis. The indications for premedication underwent revision and changed several years ago, and most dentists and surgeons follow the aha guidelines. ...Read more

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Patched Vsd, aortic stenosis mitral regurgitation. Going to dentist w/ prophylaxis. 24 M. What chances do I have of getting endocarditis ?

Patched Vsd, aortic stenosis mitral regurgitation.  Going to dentist w/ prophylaxis. 24 M. What chances do I have of getting endocarditis ?

Discuss w/ dentist : This is something that you need to have your dentist and physician discuss to determine what if any precautions must be determined. In all likelihood they will recommend the use of a pre treatment antibiotic but again that must be determined by these health care professionals. ...Read more

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What are the risks of a colonoscopy for someone in their 80's?

What are the risks of a colonoscopy for someone in their 80's?

Perforation: The two main risks of colonoscopy are perforation and missed lesions.

The national rate of perforation is 1 in every 3, 000 to 5, 000 colonoscopies. This is a very low rate, so much so that it is considered very low risk.

The rate of missed lesions is estimated to be about 15 for every 100 lesions, nationally.

The risk of sedation depends on your health status, but it is generally very safe. ...Read more

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Colonoscopy during a colonoscopy, is it necessarily to be fully or asleep or do the patient have the choice? Edit: (grammar mistake) during a colonoscopy, is it necessarily to be fully asleep or do the patient(s) have a choice?

Colonoscopy during a colonoscopy, is it necessarily to be fully or asleep or do the patient have the choice? Edit: (grammar mistake) 

during a colonoscopy, is it necessarily to be fully asleep or do the patient(s) have a choice?

You : You can discuss with your doctors and anesthesiologist your choices. In the past, only mild sedatives were used for colonoscopy, but in the past several years more anesthetics have been used. It may depend on if you have any other medical conditions that could affect your risks. ...Read more

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Why can’t I have red jello before my colonoscopy? My doctor said any clear liquid is fine, and red jello is clear. So what’s wrong with it?

Red : Red (and purple) jell-o and other clear liquids with these colors can look like blood in the colon and also absorb the same wave length light that is needed to highlight the sometimes subtle color differences in the colon that we need to see in order to identify the pre-cancerous polyps that we are looking for when performing colonoscopy. It can make it more difficult to see these polyps, increasing the chances that something is missed. ...Read more

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How often should a man in his late 50's have a colonoscopy? I'm prescribed omeprazole as the first one found one benign polyp deemed adenomatous

How often should a man in his late 50's have a colonoscopy? I'm prescribed omeprazole as the first one found one benign polyp deemed adenomatous

Depends on risks: For those at low risk for colorectal polyps/cancer (no personal or family history of polyps/cancer, no other risks), every ten years if no adenomatous polyps are found. If polyps are found, the interval is shorter: every five years is usual unless polyps are large or multiple. Btw, Omeprazole inhibited polyps in rats; the same has not been found in humans, but Omeprazole can cause gastric polyps! ...Read more

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Due to acute left side abdom pain no food in over a wk.(doc thinks bowel inflamed).Will effects of no food show up in colonoscopy?(mask s/ thing else)

Due to acute left side abdom pain no food in over a wk.(doc thinks bowel inflamed).Will effects of no food show up in colonoscopy?(mask s/ thing else)

Not typically: Depending on age , lower left sided abdominal pain may be an indication of diverticulitis.This might be the " inflamed bowel" you are referring to.Putting the bowel at rest with clear liquids initially, and antibiotics usually helps.A. Ct scan of the abdomen/pelvis can help make the diagnosis.After you feel better, and the infection resolves , a colonoscopy is indicated to further evaluate the colon. ...Read more

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Why do ikeep getting stomache cramp in day but not at night had a colonoscopy 2 years ago all perfect could it be i.b.s had for 2 months no blood i po?

Why do ikeep getting stomache cramp in day but not at night had a colonoscopy 2 years ago all perfect could it be i.b.s had for 2 months no blood i po?

Could be one of many: One of several causes.
IBS will not cause pain as a main symptom. It is associated with alternating constipation and diarrhea. The pain medicines that you are taking like tramadol can cause abdominal cramps, so try stopping your pain medicines other than Tylenol(which is safe to take if needed). Go see your doctor and try an antispasmodic medication prescribed by your doctor. Bentyl (dicyclomine) is one such me ...Read more

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Is a colonoscopy painful?

It shouldn't: Colonoscopies for the most part are not painful especially if sedation is used ...Read more

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How deep does a colonoscopy go?

Right colon: A proper colonoscopy should reach the right side of the colon to the junction of the colon and the small intestine. ...Read more

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How is a colonoscopy performed?

How is a colonoscopy performed?

Camera on a snake: A video camera on the end of a flexible stalk, not unlike a snake, is inserted through the rectum while you are asleep. You don't feel a thing, you won't remember it, and the only bed part is the prep. ...Read more

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What if i ate before colonoscopy?

What if i ate before colonoscopy?

They would cancel: If you ate, your intestines may not be clean, so a reliable examination becomes difficult to carry out. This means there is going to be likely cancellation of the colonoscopic procedure. ...Read more

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Is colonoscopy the same as a ug i?

No: A colonoscopy is using a camera inserted into the rectum (under some level of sedation) through your colon to the cecum (area of the appendix) which allows us to look for cancer as well as to biopsy areas of abnormality. A UGI is an x-ray procedure where we use x-rays to take a picture of your esophagus and stomach with dye in it which allows us to look for leaks, blockages and other issues. ...Read more

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I have got a colonoscopy question?

What is question?: Colonoscopy is a routine procedure performed with a long flexible endoscope after a bowel clean out. It is usually done under heavy sedation as an outpatient. Polyps can often be removed or other suspicious areas biopsied. You can resubmit a specific question. ...Read more

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How can I prepare for a colonoscopy?

How can I prepare for a colonoscopy?

Bowel prep: Follow your doctors instructions on the oral bowel prep and diet. ...Read more

Dr. Charles Cattano
2,042 doctors shared insights

Colonoscopy (Definition)

Colonoscopy is the procedure of using a long flexible camera to visualize the entire colon from the inside with the option to take pictures, video, perform biopsies, remove polyps, etc. Generally people are sedated and do ...Read more


Prophylaxis (Definition)

Prophylaxis is a measure taken to ...Read more