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Doctor insights on: Endocardial Cushion Defects

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Dr. Richard Humes
60 doctors shared insights

Endocardial Cushion Defects (Overview)

Endocardial cushion defects, more commonly known as atrioventricular (AV) canal or septal defects, include a range of defects characterized by involvement of the atrial septum, the ventricular septum, and one or both of the AV valves. A complete AV septal defect indicates the presence of both atrial and ventricular septal defects with a common AV valve.


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What are the symptoms of endocardial cushion defects?

What are the symptoms of endocardial cushion defects?

CHF. : Endocardial cushion defects or a-v canal defects cause a significal left to right intra-cardiac shunt. Increased blood flow to the lungs cause CHF symptoms like increased breathing, failure to thrive, difficulty feeding. ...Read more

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Dr. Richard Humes
60 doctors shared insights

Endocardial Cushion Defects (Overview)

Endocardial cushion defects, more commonly known as atrioventricular (AV) canal or septal defects, include a range of defects characterized by involvement of the atrial septum, the ventricular septum, and one or both of the AV valves. A complete AV septal defect indicates the presence of both atrial and ventricular septal defects with a common AV valve.


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What are the symptoms of endocardial cushion defects?

CHF. : Endocardial cushion defects or a-v canal defects cause a significal left to right intra-cardiac shunt. Increased blood flow to the lungs cause CHF symptoms like increased breathing, failure to thrive, difficulty feeding. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is an endocardial cushion defect?

What sort of disorder is an endocardial cushion defect?

AV canal: Also known as an av canal, or atrio-ventricular septal defect, it is a type of congenital heart defect. There is a an ASD and vsd together creating a defect in the center of the heart. There is also one common av valve , rather than 2 distinct valves (mitral and tricuspid valves). It is commonly but not necessarily associated with down syndrome. Surgical repair is required in infancy. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Endocardial cushion defects?

AV septal defects: Endocardial cushion defects, more commonly known as atrioventricular (AV) canal or septal defects, include a range of defects characterized by involvement of the atrial septum, the ventricular septum, and one or both of the AV valves. A complete AV septal defect indicates the presence of both atrial and ventricular septal defects with a common AV valve. ...Read more

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Looking for Down syndrome due to endocardial cushion defect. Why?

Looking for Down syndrome due to endocardial cushion defect. Why?

Very common problem : Endocardial cushion defects are often seen in down syndrome. If it is detected prenatally, you would want a test to check if the baby has down syndrome. ...Read more

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Is endocardial cushion defect considered a heart disease?

Is endocardial cushion defect considered a heart disease?

Yes: Unfortunately the names for some defects are confusing. Endocardial cushion defect is an older term. Atrioventricular canal is also an older term for the same entity. The current term for this defect is atrioventricular septal defect and is often abbreviated as avsd. ...Read more

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Is an endocardial cushion defect considered heart disease?

Is an endocardial cushion defect considered heart disease?

Yes: These are problems in the middle of the heart affecting the valves and usually requiring surgery to repair. ...Read more

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Endocardium (Definition)

The endocardium is the tissue that serves as inner ...Read more