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Doctor insights on: Encephalopathy

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Dr. Michael DePietro
139 Doctors shared insights

Encephalopathy (Overview)

Encephalon means brain, pathy means abnormal, so the full term means abnormal brain. I see the statement used by many of my colleagues, but it is not a diagnosis, merely a generic expression.


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How does anoxic encephalopathy affect the cardiopulmonary system?

How does anoxic encephalopathy affect the cardiopulmonary system?

Variable: By definition a period of anoxia has occurred which caused tissue (brain) damage. That period of anoxia may have also caused injury to the heart muscle or the heart may have been able to rely on other metabolic pathways to supply its needs. If injured, the effect on the cvs would depend on the extent. If not, it could function normally. ...Read more

Dr. Michael DePietro
139 Doctors shared insights

Encephalopathy (Overview)

Encephalon means brain, pathy means abnormal, so the full term means abnormal brain. I see the statement used by many of my colleagues, but it is not a diagnosis, merely a generic expression.


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Are there symptoms of encephalopathy?

Are there symptoms of encephalopathy?

See definition: Encephalopathy means pathology of brain. It is not a disease or specific, as it means abnormal brain. There are muliple variations depending on cause and presentation. Most common might be issues with focus, memory, and concentration. ...Read more

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Is there anyway to get my husband who is deteriorating from cirrhosis & showing signs of hepatic encephalopathy to go the er, he refuses to go.

911 will help you: Please call 911 if your husband is abusive, violent, confused, incoherent, hallucinating, etc. An ambulance will come, do an initial quick review and from your description, should transport him to the er for further assessment and triage. He may need admission to hospital -- possibly will need a medical-psychiatric unit that can handle both his encephalopathy and his other behavioral issues. ...Read more

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How do you diagnose spongiform encephalopathy?

How do you diagnose spongiform encephalopathy?

Brain biopsy: There are new CSF markers that can be tested if the fluid is sent to the national prion surveillance lab at case western (e.g., 14-3-3 and tau) but biopsy is still more likely to be definitive. Neither 14-3-3 nor tau is completely specific for bse. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy is a general term to refer to an injury to the brain, by trauma, infection, anoxia, bleeding among other causes. In short the brain has been injured by any of the above mechanisns, there are others but these are the most common. ...Read more

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What are the tests for wernicke encephalopathy?

What are the tests for wernicke encephalopathy?

The best test...: ...Is probably to administer a dose of thiamine (vitamin b1) -- a rapid improvement suggests that the vitamin deficiency was responsible for encephalopathy in the first place. Otherwise a combination of symptoms and risk factors (such as alcoholism) is what leads to the diagnosis. ...Read more

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I know this dude who has encephalopathy. What is that?

Brain dysfunction: Encephalopathy is a general term that refers to any disturbance in brain function such as level of conciousness, attention, or orientation to time, place or person. It is often used to describe a patient who is disoriented, confused, drowsy, or agitated. This may be due to process in the brain (e.g. Stroke, tumor, hemorrhage, infection, etc) or outside the brain (e.g. Liver or renal disease, etc). ...Read more

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What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

See below:: In ne, it is not always possible to document a significant hypoxic-ischemic insult. There are potentially several other etiologies, specifically, it is important to exclude metabolic disease, infection, drug exposure, nervous system malformation and neonatal stroke as possible causes of the encephalopathy. The nature of brain injury causing neurologic impairment in a newborn is poorly understood. ...Read more

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My husband has cirrhosis, he is angry and mean is this encephalopathy from his condition what can I do, I need help!

My husband has cirrhosis, he is angry and mean is this encephalopathy from his condition what can I do, I need help!

Different issues: Some people are "mean drunks, " and this can be both dangerous and frightening to family members. If he's angry and mean, you need to get out of the house. There is help for you through domestic violence programs & shelters. Info here (also go to bottom for phone #'s): http://tinyurl. Com/nz2ad encephalopathy complicates this a lot. Call his doctor now! Inpatient commitment may be needed. ...Read more

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Wernicke encephalopathy disability treatable?

Wernicke encephalopathy disability treatable?

Yes: If diagnosed before permanent damage the disease is easily treatable with b1 vitamin supplementation. ...Read more

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What can be done to treat vinblastine encephalopathy?

What can be done to treat vinblastine encephalopathy?

Difficult to answer: This is a rare problem. There a only a few reported cases, and it is hard to offer a good answer for treatment. It can have a reversible component in some cases. There are some old cases where it was injected into the spinal fluid and fatal. ...Read more

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How is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy treated?

How is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy treated?

Hearing loss: Theoretically, hypoxia can affect any part of the brain, hence it is possible for auditory cortex be involved causing deafness. Not sure how often it occurs. ...Read more

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What is transmissible spongiform encephalopathies what are the treatments?

What is transmissible spongiform encephalopathies what are the treatments?

Prion diseases.: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (tses) are disease that affect the brain and nervous system. They are caused by unique pathogens called prions, which are abnormally folded proteins. Scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease"), and kuru are examples. There is no approved treatments, but vaccines, gene therapies, and custom peptides are being investigated. ...Read more

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How is bovine spongiform encephalopathy cured?

How is bovine spongiform encephalopathy cured?

It isn't: This is a disease of cattle (mad cow disease) that is fatal to them and may cause a variant of creutzfeldt-jakob disease in humans which has no cure and is also fatal. ...Read more

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What is best anti convulsant drug for patient with hepatic encephalopathy?

What is best anti convulsant drug for patient with hepatic encephalopathy?

No one best: There is no one best drug but a physician will try to select one by balancing adequate seizure control, ease of use, other medical problems, with minimal risk of causing additional liver problems. Keppra (levetiracetam) (levetriacetam) is a potential choice with low risk of liver injury but there is no one best choice. ...Read more

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Why are scn1a mutations commonly found in patients with alleged post-vaccination encephalopathy?

Why are scn1a mutations commonly found in patients with alleged post-vaccination encephalopathy?

Dravet Syndrome &: Related scn1a mutations are genetic, not vaccine-induced. Fever from any cause can trigger seizures.. Genetic mutations are passed on or occur by accident when the germ cells (egg & sperm) divide & 1/2 of the germ cell's chromosomes from each parent combine for the the genetic make-up of the child. See http://www. Omim. Org/entry/182389? Search=scn1a%20expression&highlight=expression%20scn1a. ...Read more

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What are the risks/ benefits of thyroid removal for a patient who has hashimoto's with 3 benign nodules and indicators of hashimoto's encephalopathy?

What are the risks/ benefits of thyroid removal for a patient who has hashimoto's with 3 benign nodules and indicators of hashimoto's encephalopathy?

A brief answer: You should see your endocrinologist for both conditions. Steroid is usually the first line treatment for this type of encephalopathy. Thyroidectomy eliminates risk of thyroid cancer that can arise from hashimoto thyroiditis. Risks of thyroid surgery are hoarseness, hypoparathyroidism, anesthetic risk and a scar on lower neck. ...Read more

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What is postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Post-anoxic?: Post-anoxic encephalopathy occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen for a period of time. There are many causes of this including when a patient suffers a cardiac arrest and survives a prolonged resuscitation attempt. Sometimes, in this case, the body survives but the brain suffers a severe injury and the patient does not awaken. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy is a general term to refer to an injury to the brain, by trauma, infection, anoxia, bleeding among other causes. In short the brain has been injured by any of the above mechanisns, there are others but these are the most common. ...Read more

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Are there symptoms of encephalopathy?

See definition: Encephalopathy means pathology of brain. It is not a disease or specific, as it means abnormal brain. There are muliple variations depending on cause and presentation. Most common might be issues with focus, memory, and concentration. ...Read more

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Is static encephalopathy a common disease?

Description: Static=doesn't change; encephalopathy= a problem that affects the ability of the brain to function
This is a description not a disease. It is commonly used to describe the injury that causes cerebral palsy. It can also also be applied to a brain injury from trauma (car crash, fight, fall, etc.) or residual injury from an infection like meningitis. ...Read more

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What can you tell me about encephalopathy?

A lot!!: Briefly encephalopathy is a term used when the brain is affected universally by either metabolic, infective' hypoxic or toxic causes. ...Read more

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How can you heal encephalopathy naturally.?

Encephalopathy: Know of no natural treatment for this. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms common to encephalopathy?

What are the symptoms common to encephalopathy?

Any brain symptoms: Encephalopathy is a nonspecific term used for any brain disease. The term is usually preceded by adjectives that provide the specific information (e.g., hypoxic-ischemic, nutritional, etc). Confusion is probably the most common symptom that would be observed in many types of encephalopathies. ...Read more

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What exactly is acute disseminated encephalopathy?

ADEM: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare autoimmune disease affecting the brain & spinal cord, damaging the myelin & destroying the white matter. Symptoms are similar to Multiple sclerosis. It usually follows viral infection or vaccination. Symptoms start with fever, headaches, drowsiness, seizures. ...Read more

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Explain what happens in postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Explain what happens in postpanoxic encephalopathy?

Encephalopathy: Post anoxic encephalopathy or hypoxic encephalopathy is a condition characterized by brain dysfunction caused by lack of oxygen delivery to the brain. The patient may have coma, seizures, agitation, motor, sensory, and/or cognitive impairment. Patient recovery from this state varies, but there may be significant residual neurological deficits. ...Read more

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If I develop encephalopathy, how will it be treated?

If I develop encephalopathy, how will it be treated?

Due to what?: Encephalopathy means damage to the brain and its functioning. There are numerous causes for this. Some are direct and others affect the brain by metabolic changes due to disease occurring elsewhere. Examples include infection, kidney failure, liver failure, vitamin deficiencies, drugs taken for other reasons, etc. You must know why the encephalopathy is occurring to answer this meaningfully. ...Read more

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I know this dude who has encephalopathy. What is that?

Brain dysfunction: Encephalopathy is a general term that refers to any disturbance in brain function such as level of conciousness, attention, or orientation to time, place or person. It is often used to describe a patient who is disoriented, confused, drowsy, or agitated. This may be due to process in the brain (e.g. Stroke, tumor, hemorrhage, infection, etc) or outside the brain (e.g. Liver or renal disease, etc). ...Read more