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Doctor insights on: Encephalitis Hypothalamus

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What are the effects of encephalitis on the hypothalamus?

What are the effects of encephalitis on the hypothalamus?

Varies: If encephalitis spreads to the hypothalamus it is hard to predict, because there are many nuclei or "centers" in the hypothalamus that do very different and sometimes opposite functions. For example some people with encephalitis lethargica slept constantly while others could not fall asleep at all, because different nuclei were affected. ...Read more

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Dr. Amandeep Kaur
178 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


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What are the tests for encephalitis?

What are the tests for encephalitis?

Encephalitis tests: The tests for encephalitis vary depending upon the suspected etiology. The diagnosis may be made based upon history, physical examination, blood tests that can include testing for specific antibodies or polymerase chain reaction, evaluation of cerebral spinal fluid, and possibly neuroimaging with MRI of brain and electroencephalogram. ...Read more

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What happens when someone has encephalitis?

What happens when someone has encephalitis?

Encephalitis : Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain typically caused by a viral infection. Signs and symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, weakness, trouble walking, confusion or agitation, seizures, coma, and paralysis. Treatment is supportive and depends upon the cause and course of illness. Outcome varies. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis curable?

Possibly: Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain usually due to infection. Curing encephalitis depends on the cause and how severe it is. People frequently recover from viral encephalitis but if the infection is severe it can leave permanent brain damage. See this web page for a list of some causes and treatments of encephalitis: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002388/. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis treatable?

Is encephalitis treatable?

Sometimes: There are limited direct antiviral treatment opportunities for encephalitis, specifically those caused by herpes simplex virus. For others, symptomatic supportive treatment such as controlling intracranial pressure tend to be the first line of treatment. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis contagious?

Is encephalitis contagious?

Depends: Infectious encephalitis caused by borelia, viruses (yellow fever, hemorrhagic fever viruses), rickettsiae are contagious, but often require the presence of a vector, usually a mosquito or a tick that will transfer the pathogen from the infected person to the healthy one. ...Read more

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What is japanese encephalitis?

Japanese ence: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis/

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What causes spongioform encephalitis?

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more

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Is rhomben encephalitis fatal in adults?

Is rhomben encephalitis fatal in adults?

Could be.: All encephalitis are serious. This is an encephalitis attacking the posterior and low areas of the neuronal axis below the brain(hindbrain). Rhombencephalo[from rhombus + encephalon]:is the part of the brain that develops from the posterior portion of the embryonic neural tube and comprises the cerebellum, pons, and the medulla oblongata.Compare mesencephalon, prosencephalon. ...Read more

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Hypothalamus (Definition)

An area of brain that deals with maintenance of homeostasis throughout the body. Important for temperature, appetite, weight regulation, coordination with other areas ...Read more


Dr. Lois Freisleben-Cook
72 doctors shared insights

Brain Infection (Definition)

Any infection of the brain. Usually called encephalitis, though ...Read more