Doctor insights on:
Emphysema Vs Copd Is An Important Distinction How Do You Know The Difference
COPD more broad: COPD is a functional diagnosis, while emphysema is a diagnosis you make on a ct scan or pathology slide. COPD includes both emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Emphysema is destruction of lung tissue most often due to smoking. Chronic bronchitis is a chronic, productive cough, also most often due to smoking. The end result of both is the same: inability to blow all the air out of the lungs. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more
What is the physiologic difference between asthma, copd, emphysema and bronchitis? How to identify each as an emt? How are they treated?
Emergency situations: As an emt in these cases you primary concern is to make sure the patient can breathe. In asthma, codp emphysema and "chronic bronchitis" a resuce inhaler like albuterol or ipratropium(copd) owuld be your first response. Steroid inhalers are not for rescue situations. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
How it is delivered: A ventilator is a machine to deliver air with oxygen to a patient's lungs. It can deliver this air/oxygen mixture either by a tube in the throat, whereby it is called invasive ventilation. If the air/oxygen mixture is delivered by a tight-fitting mask, then it is non-invasive ventilation. What is "invading" the patient is the delivery device. Both are effective. ...Read more
What is the definition of pulmonary phibrosis? Is it linked to pulmonar hyper-tension? Is there a cure for & how does it compare to pulmonary edima?
Lung scarring: Pulmonary fibrosis is scarring of the lung and comes in many types - some are amenable to treatment, some are not. It is often associated with pulm hypertension and not usually associated with pulm edema. Anyone with a diagnosis of pf should be seen by a pulmonologist so they can have their disease evaluated and poss treatments discussed. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Important: Bipolar 2 disorder most often presents as depression because patients often don't come in for their hypomanic symptoms because those are not often troubling. For this reason, many people with bipolar disorder have been treated as though they are unipolar. It is important for the treating clinician to do a thorough history to rule out periods of hypomania. Treatment is very different for the two. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hypertension stages: Hypertension (elevated blood pressure) is usually classified in stages (not types), but perhaps this will answer your question. Stage 1 hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure between 140 and 159 or diastolic pressure between 90 and 99. In Stage 2 hypertension, systolic pressure is 160 or higher or diastolic pressure is 100 or higher. ...Read more
AD is a dementia: Dementia describes a collection of brain symptoms including memory impairment, problems using or understanding words, loss of functioning and judgement and other symptoms. Alzheimers disease is the most common type of dementia, nearly 70% of those with dementia have alzheimers and age is the biggest risk factor. Other types of dementia include vascular, lewy body, alcoholic, and parkinsons. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Introversion is not: A pathological condition but the end of a spectrum between that and extroversion. As long as being somewhat quiet does not cause social problems no need for treatment. Autism is a condition that needs treatment. Folks w/this have difficulty relating to other socially, often won't look people in the eye. They have difficulty w/reading nonverbals. Great plains lab has info and tests. ...Read more
Airspace vs tissue: Alveoli are microscopic air sacs in the lungs in which gas exchange happens. These are tiny thin walled structures that represent the smallest division of the lung tissue. Interstitium is the connective tissue between / around air exchange sacs. Infiltrates of cells in the alveoli are within air sacs proper. Infiltrates of cells in the interstitium are between / around the tiny air sacs. ...Read more
1 is subset of other: Thanks for your good question. Think of it this way: your cardiovascular system includes your heart (cardio) and all of your blood vessels (vascular). So, heart disease refers to problems affecting the heart, whereas cardiovascular problems includes heart diseases, as well as any problem affecting blood vessels (which are basically all over our body). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Pneumonia causes cough, fever, sometimes shortness of breath and chest pains. Rales are heard on auscultation of the lungs and an infiltrate is seen on chest x-ray. Tb is a more chronic illness characterized by cough, night sweats, weight loss, a positive PPD skin test or gamma interferon release test with apical infiltrates on cxr.Sputum smears and cultures are + afb/tb.Tb can cause a pneumonia. ...Read more
The same: They are the same.Get a more detailed answer ›
Dementia is 1 kind: Most of the time when people say dementia, they mean alzheimer's. There are other less common forms of dementia. There is one that can happen from small strokes called vascular dementia. Another has memory issues, hallucinations, and parkinsonism called lewy body dementia. There is a very unusual one called frontotemporal dementia, and there are dementias from other causes such as infection. ...Read more
Often together: The 2 of these often come together. "addiction" signifies a behavioral pattern of using a substance despite obvious harm to the person's life, work, and relationships. They use more than intended; lie about using; and spend lots of time using it. Physical habituation (having withdrawal symptoms when missing dose) can happen without addiction, but may come with mental/behavioral patterns as above. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Are PCO2 and PaCO2 interchangeable? I understand PaCO2 to denote arterial measurement. But what is the difference if any?
PCO2: pCO2 is the partial pressure of carbon dioxide and gives no information as to where the measurement (or calculation) is being made. "a" is arterial, "v" is venous, "et" is end tidal, and "e" is expired, "A" is alveolar, and "i" is inspired but without the qualifier the location depends on the context. Most of the time arterial is what is being referred to. ...Read more
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd) (Definition)
Also known as COPD, may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. ...Read more
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