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Doctor insights on: Emerging Viruses Aids And Ebola

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How come the west nile virus and malaria are contracted by mosquitos but the aids virus isn't?

How come the west nile virus and malaria are contracted by mosquitos but the aids virus isn't?

Agree w earlier: responses. HIV can only be transmitted between humans. The virus would be unable to remain alive in a mosquito. Even if it could, mosquitoes don't inject blood into people. ...Read more

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Dr. Martin Raff
700 doctors shared insights

Aids (Definition)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, is the final stage of HIV, which causes intense damage to the immune system. It is associated with a low CD4 lymphocytes count and clinical signs of immune dysfunction. Specifically, AIDS begins when the CD4 cell ...Read more


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How are humans infected by west nile virus?

How are humans infected by west nile virus?

Mosquito bite: West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne infection that originated in the tropics. It causes a flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected . It causes neuroinvasive disease in ...Read more

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How do the RNA molecules of HIV and West Nile virus (WNV) differ in number and function?

How do the RNA molecules of HIV and West Nile virus (WNV) differ in number and function?

Which ones?: There are dozens of variants of HIV and West Nile virus. I believe the genomes for all of them have been sequenced and the sequences published. There are many open-source sequence-alignment software packages available for download. Many run better under Linux than Windows. Do you have a preference? ...Read more

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Can the HIV virus have originated from human experiments with chemical weapons.?

Can the HIV virus have originated from human experiments with chemical weapons.?

No: Hiv is a virus and humans could not have created it with chemicals. It likely spread from primates to humans. ...Read more

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Are diseases like HIV and hepatitis spread only by carriers of the disease?

Basically Yes: Hiv & hepatitis c are transmitted by contact with an infected persons blood. No blood = no transmission. However, if you handle an item that has their blood on it, then you are at risk. ...Read more

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How can somebody in west Africa prevent his self from contracting ebola virus?

How can somebody in west Africa prevent his self from contracting ebola virus?

Isolation: Avoid areas where the disease is occurring. Stay away from infected individuals and corpses of victims of the disease. ...Read more

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Is there any statistics for HIV1/HIV2 ratio in all HIV world?i.e %80 of HIV infected people carry HIV1?

Is there any statistics for HIV1/HIV2 ratio in all HIV world?i.e %80 of HIV infected people carry HIV1?

HIV: HIV 1 is more prevalent in the US and Europe and HIV 2 are more prevalent in Africa. But there are no statistics because a big portion of the population does not even know their HIV status. HIV is now increasing in the 16 years old to 25 years old, despite education most people are having sex without protection and also there is an increase in multiple sex partners. Misconception medications cure. ...Read more

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Do ebola survivors develop immunity to the virus?

Do ebola survivors develop immunity to the virus?

? degree of immune?: "We know that patients who have survived do have specific antibodies in their blood," said Armand Sprecher, MD, from Médecins Sans Frontières. "Of course, what we don't know is the threshold at which antibodies give you a surrogate marker of protection. It's possible we may gather that over the course of this epidemic, as we hopefully move toward vaccination." See: ...Read more

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Does G6PD deficient individual has any immunity from Ebola virus?

Does G6PD deficient individual has any immunity from Ebola virus?

Not aware of any: studies that suggest that G6PD deficiency offers any immunity to Ebola. My concern would be that these people could be at risk of reactions to treatment venues that might be provided if they are infected with Ebola. ...Read more

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Can all epstein - barr virus infected people eventually become carriers for the rest of their lives?

Can all epstein - barr virus infected people eventually become carriers for the rest of their lives?

Yes they carry the V: Yes they are carriers of the virus but virus stays dormant in the body and they are not contagious all the time. ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Yes: In addition to causing aids, we now know that HIV also increases chronic inflammation and immune activation, which can increase the risk of complications like coronary heart disease, malignancies, decreased bone density, and cognitive dyfunction. There is a lot of interest now in HIV as a cause of earlier complications of the aging process. ...Read more

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Also what are the symptoms for influenza, west nile virus?

Also what are the symptoms for influenza, west nile virus?

Most no symptoms: Most have no symptoms, 80%. If you develop symptoms of severe west nile virus illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately, according to the cdc. Severe illness usually requires hospitalization. Milder cases improve on their own and do not necessarily require medical attention. ...Read more

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Its said HIV virus is spread via Blood, Semen and Vaginal fluid. Is HIV virus present in other bodily fluids such as breast milk and Human sweat?

Its said HIV virus is spread via Blood, Semen and Vaginal fluid. Is HIV virus present in other bodily fluids such as breast milk and Human sweat?

Breast milk: Yes: The following fluids can contain high levels of HIV: Blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), vaginal fluids, rectal (anal) mucus, and BREAST MILK and can infect. Other body fluids and waste products—like feces, nasal fluid, saliva, SWEAT, tears, urine, or vomit—DO NOT contain enough HIV to infect. ...Read more

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How is the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) transmitted to heterosexuals?

Same as heterosex: Hiv is transmitted by the virus present in body secretions deposited onto areas of either mucous membranes (rectal mucosa, oral mucosa or tonsils) where there are receptor sites to which the virus attaches. There are some forms of sexual activity in which individuals are more prone to bleeding, in which case these bleeding sites present a rapid route for viral entry. ...Read more

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Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

Could mosquito bites or bugs spread aids in human beings?

No: insects / mosquitos are not vectors for HIV. The virus is too fragile to remain alive in the body of a mosquito. ...Read more

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Aids, hepatitis b and hepatitis C are caused by pathogens that are found in the blood of those infected?

Aids, hepatitis b and hepatitis C are caused by pathogens that are found in the blood of those infected?

Viral Infections: Not sure what you are really asking or how this answer will in any way add to your medical knowledge. But, yes, of course. These three major viral illnesses are common and many of those infected have these viruses as chronic active infections in their blood stream. 80% of those adults who get hep b will clear the infection from their blood. New treatments for hep c can lead to cure. ...Read more

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Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


Dr. Heidi Fowler
138 doctors shared insights

Ebola Virus (Definition)

Ebola virus is the cause of Ebola which is a hemorrhagic fever that affects ...Read more