Doctor insights on:
Emcyt Cancer Related Hormone
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Not necessarily : It would be extremely unlikely to occur ...Read more
NO BUT INCREASE RISK: Hormone therapy does not cause breast cancer but it does increase your risk of breast cancer. According to the national nurses health study using hormone replacement therapy for 10-15 yrs increases risk about 20%, if used more than 15 yrs it doubles to around 40%. Talk to your doctor to help you decide how to better manage postmenopausal symptoms. ...Read more
Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) related t1 g3 bladder cancer. Not candidate for cystectomy, or chemo due to previous chemo, any studies that radx is worthwhile alone.
See below: Please clarify a few things for me - you said t1, high grade disease? Chemo is not needed. The standard of care is still intravesical immunotherapy with bcg. Intravesical Mitomycin c, bcg with interferon, or gemcitabine are also used. Cystectomy for t1 disease is typically reserved for bcg-refractory cases. Most radiation data is from europe and involves >t2 tumors. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can metastatic papillary thyroid cancer spread to the parathyroid? Is this rare? Can recurrent pap thyroid cancer show up on parathyroid?
parathyroid: Presumably you have had surgery followed by radioactive iodine. This could damage the parathyroid and cause hypoparathyroidism, although this usually does not happen. Thyroid cancer spreads locally (within the neck), and that could damage the parathyroids more, but again, this does not usually happen. Check this out with your endocrinologist. ...Read more
Very low Risk: With due respect. The landmark study, whi, is called into question in so many ways. The nih spent millions to answer very little. As an re, i feel there are many facets to HRT and a careful and comprehensive evaluation of the literature supports a very minimal at best increase in breast cancer and the evidence points to the progestin component only (provera). Consultation warranted. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Hormonal blockade: Depending upon your age and menstrual status your oncologist will help choose a medication to block the receptors for estrogen and Progesterone or one that will block the production of those hormones. These drugs minimize the ability of these hormones to stimulate the growth of breast and breast cancer cells. Some of them are associated with a risk of endometrial cancer but it is minimal. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Increases risk: Hormone replacement therapy (hrt) has been shown to increase one's risk for breast cancer if taken for longer than 5 years. The current recommendation is to take low doses for a limited amount of time and then stop. There are some other non hormonal medications that can be used to help manage menopausal symptoms. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Left thyroid papillary carcinoma. Some follicular cells show hurthle cell/oncocytic changes. Is the treatment generally thyroidectomy & rad. Iodine?
What uncommon hormonal disorders (besides acromegaly & pituitary tumors) cause growth hormone overproduction? Do they add height in those over 30?
D/W oncologist: Treatment will depend not only the stage but also the biology of the cancer- whether it is estrogen positive, her2neu positive, whether it is lymph node positive or not. Also depends on your preference and overall health condition. Different test like oncotype dx, mammaprint can give you more info-re- recurrence risk of cancer and will be helpful in choosing the right therapy for you.D/w your md. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Ovarian cyst(4-5cm)unilocular liquid with papillary component (2.8x1.4cm). 26yo, no family history of cancer. Waiting for markers. Odds of malignancy?
Can not calculate: We can not calculate the odds of malignancy with this information. Based on your age and the size a malignant ovarian tumor is not particularly likely even with a complex ovarian cyst with papillary components. It sounds like your doctor is testing to help rule out malignancy which is good. Keep your follow up with your doctor. ...Read more
Can't say: Apocrine gland cancer is rare in humans, more commonly seen in veterinary oncology. Historically these occur mostly in the underarm, or axilla. Surgery is first-line therapy, with additional treatment decided on a case-by-case basis. There hasn't been a well-defined role for chemotherapy as they typically don't respond well to chemotherapy in general. ...Read more
A hormone (from greek ὁρμή, "impetus") is a chemical released by a cell or a gland in one part of the body that sends out messages that affect cells in other parts of the organism. Only a little amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. In essence, it is a chemical messenger that transports a signal from ...Read more