Doctor insights on:
Elisa Test For Hiv
90%: There's a period of time after a person is infected during which they won't test positive. This is called the “hiv window period.” The window period can be from 9 days to 3-6 months, depending on the person's body and on the HIV-test that's used. ...Read more
Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more
If we are to put a % figure, how accurate will be 4th gen ELISA test for HIV after lets say 4 weeks, then 6 weeks and then 8 weeks?
Why do you ask?: If you are this worried, then you should be willing to ask your physician for a pcr / nucleic acid assay for HIV instead. The modest price you'll probably end up having to pay is nothing compared with the peace of mind it'll bring you. Afterwards, get with your physician ; get some guidance about your generalized health anxiety -- you know you'll benefit from this also. ...Read more
What is the difference between elfa and ELISA test for hiv. Are both of them accurate, lest say testing after 1 year of risky behaviour?
ELISA - initial test: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent asay (elisa) is the first one used to detect infection with hiv; if positive, it should be repeated for confirmation. Likelihood of the test being false after 1-3 months of exposure very unlikely. Enzyme linked fluouresecent assay (elfa) is a slightly newer but very similar test, but may detect HIV antibodies somewhat earlier (95% in 28 days, essentially 100% in 90 days. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Is ELISA test for HIV 1 & 2 antibodies conclusive after 8-9 weeks of exposure? Does NON-REACTIVE mean NEGATIVE?
ELISA for HIV: The ELISA test is not conclusive after any amount of time. The ELISA is a screening test and if it comes back positive, a Western blot will need to be done. Non-reactive is a good thing to be and it does mean that you are negative for HIV virus. Although there is a window period when you can have the HIV virus but still have a nonreactive result. Another test may be needed in that case. Suerte ...Read more
Hi doctor. Is eli a more developed ELISA test for HIV ? And is ecl a western blot test? (if yes for ecl) i had a negative p24 at 3 month am i negative
Not Best Focus-Vague: Acronyms are too vague & not clear. However, the bigger issue is attributing too much significance to any specific test, all of which have issues of both false positives & negatives, never perfect. The larger issues are both probability, look up "bayes' theorem" & the many variables/complexity of exposure combined with individual responses over time. Before >6 months, reliability of HIV tests low. ...Read more
My brother had a positive ELISA test for HIV followed by an indeterminate western blot. His viral load detected no virus. How confident should I be?
Pretty confident: It sounds like's he's negative and just happens to have an indeterminate wb. This happens sometimes, for reasons that are never entirely explained. However, i would recommend that he get the elisa and western blot retested one month after the first. If there has been no progression of the WB (addition of new bands), then he's definitely negative. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hi doctor i just have question 14 weeks from elisa test antibody hiv-1and hiv2 was negative is that conclusive and i tested also oraquick came up negative as well. do i need further testing?
Both are conclusive: Since the ELISA included HIV2 as well as HIV1, it is a "third generation" antibody test. Those tests are virtually 100% conclusive by 6-8 weeks after exposures. (No need to wait 3 months; that's old news.) The Oraquick oral fluids test is conclusive by 3 months. Therefore, your tests are definitive and prove you don't have HIV, assuming no more recent exposures. You don't need any more tests. ...Read more
HIV screening: An ELISA is often done as an initial HIV screening test. It is designed to have high sensitivity for most types of HIV in the gene real population, but does have some false positives. That being said, there are some types of HIV, e.g. type O, that are unusual outside of Cameroon or West Africa, but are not recognized by usual antibody tests. Check with an I.D. specialist for your area and test. ...Read more
There are several ways to detect the HIV virus. The first is by antibodies. This includes eia (enzyme immuno assay). The rapid HIV tests are these types. The second way detects proteins on the viral coat (western blot). This is a gel plate electrophoresis. Thirdly there is pcr (polymerase chain reaction). This detects and amplifies dna allowing a viral ...Read more
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids),  a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more
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