elephantiasis

Condition Rare
Description
Conditions (1)
Symptoms (4)
Treatments (4)
Risk Factors (5)
Elephantiasis is gross enlargement of limb or areas of the trunk or head. There is abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues (lymph) causing severe swelling. The skin is usually thickened, cobble stone appearance and may become ulcerated sometimes with fever, chills.Rare disorder mainly in Africa casused by parasities. This is related to blockage of lymphatic system, lymphedema.
Authored by Dr. Gerald A. Mandell

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Dr. Jack Rubin answered:

What is elephantiasis?

Elephantiasis

Filariasis
Elephantiasis is a disease that is notable for the thickening of the skin and underlying tissues, especially in the legs and male genitals. Sometimes, the disease can cause certain body parts, such as the scrotum, to swell to the size of a basketball. More rarely, it can cause swelling in the vulva It is caused by filariasis or podoconiosis
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Is elephantiasis a genetic ?

No, a parasite

Gene
No, it is caused by parasites (roundworms).
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Dr. Vasu K. Brown answered:

Is elephantiasis contagious?

No

it is not - looks scary but is not contagious - caused by Musquito bite which injects parasitic worms - filaria such as wucheria bacrofti, brugia malayi, b. Timori - causing inflammation of lymphatic vessel, skin thickening, due to lymph flow obstruction
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How is elephantiasis diagnosed?

Blood test

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Elephantiasis is a parasitic infection where tiny worms clog the bodies lymphatic ducts, causing massive swelling, deformity and disability. It is more common in less developed parts of the world. It is diagnosed by a combination of history, physical exam and, definitively, by identifying the worms in the blood.
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What does having elephantiasis mean?

Lymph obstruction

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Elephantiasis refers to massive swelling of a limb due to blockage of tiny channels in the soft tissues called lymphactics. These channels usually help circulate white blood cells throughout the body and help filter certain waste products. Parasites and certain developmental diseases can cause elephantiasis. Lymphatic swelling caused by tumors or operations is usually called lymphedema.
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What is the treatment for elephantiasis?

Anti microbial Tx

Antimicrobial treatment is the mainstay of efforts in this condition. Some of the drugs are quite toxic and need to be monitored. Surgery and supportive measures are sometimes needed. It is very important to look for concomitant infections.
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Dr. Michael E. Ein answered:

Hello docs, is elephantiasis an infectious disease?

Yes

Filariasis
It is caused by a parasitic filaria called Wuchereria bancrofti.
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What is the definition or description of: Elephantiasis?

Enlarged extremity

Elephantiasis
Elephantiasis is gross enlargement of limb or areas of the trunk or head. There is abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues (lymph) causing severe swelling. The skin is usually thickened, cobble stone appearance and may become ulcerated sometimes with fever, chills.Rare disorder mainly in Africa casused by parasities. This is related to blockage of lymphatic system, lymphedema.
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Dr. Gutti J. Rao answered:

What is the difference between bad leg edema and elephantiasis?

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Diabetic_nephropathy
Bad leg swelling is otherwise called elephantiasis. People may have swelling of legs due to fluid overload, in diseases like heart failure, kidney failure, low albumin etc in tropical countries, people can get elephantiasis due to filariasis.
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Can elephantiasis occur for other reasons instead of parasites?

No

Lymphedema
No, it is caused by parasites (roundworms). If there is lymphedema for other reasons, it not termed elephantiasis.
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