Doctor insights on:
Many but uncommon: Bypass surgery is major surgery. There are risks although the majority of patients don't get them or at most one. Rhythm disturbances, bleeding, and infection are the commonest. Congestive failure, collapsed lung, torn sternal wire from coughing occasionally occur. Nerve damage, stroke, heart attack, death are rare but sometimes occur (<1-2% generally). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Indication?: Assuming an adult patient, it would be important to determine if replacement is truly necessary. If the valve is very tight and creating right heart failure or low output syndrome (quite rare), valvuloplasty or removal without replacement may suffice. If the valve is infected, other complications may be present. Best left to the attending cardiologist and consulting surgeon. ...Read more
Minimal: Cardiac rehab is conducted under EKG monitoring just like in a hospital. The majority of patients have undergone angioplasty/stent placement or bypass surgery. Such patients have been "revascularized." prior to being enrolled in rehab, a patient has a stress test to be certain there are no significant signs of ischemia (inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle). Rehab strengthens the heart. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cardiac rehab: Cardiac rehabilitation is targeted to help minimize risks. For less stable patients, we monitor them during the exercise phase. The risks are pretty minimal but since patients have cardiac problems as the reason they are there, as the saying goes stuff happens.......But rarely. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It's complicated: Heart surgery is risky - there are risks of stroke, heart attack, liver failure, kidney failure, infection, bleeding, even death. However, for some patients, depending on their individual medical condition and heart blood vessel anatomy, having heart surgery is less risky than not having heart surgery. Many many studies have been devoted to trying to identify who these patients are. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Varies: This requires a detailed consultation with a cardiologist to adequately answer. ...Read more
What are the risks and benefits of stenting diseased blood vessels / heart bypass surgery / heart transplant / artificial heart valve transplant?
Depends on defect: Many factors contribute to risks of congenital heart disease Very simple defects usually routinely repaired and uneventful. More complex lesions more difficult and intricate to repair. Some fixes require multiple surgeries. Usually should be performed by experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons, Support personell help things run smoothly.Age of child and any associated comorbidities. ...Read more
How rare are fatal complications for mothers when delivering a baby? Examples including amniotic embolism.
Maternal death: 37 F asks: How rare are fatal complications for mothers when delivering a baby? Examples including amniotic embolism. ANS: rare but this depends on age, ethnicity, social class, access to prenatal care and past history of preg complications. So share you question with your Drs and discuss with them. Let us know what they say. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Heart attack due to coronary dissection or thrombosis resulting in heart attack (myocardial infarction), shock or death. Access site bleeding, hematoma, fistula, or pseudoaneurysm. Allergy to the medications given or the contrast agent (dye) used, including anaphylaxis and death. That said, it's a very safe procedure. ...Read more
Yes: Instrument deliveries are another name for "forceps-assisted" deliveries. There are countless number of "horror stories" regarding forceps deliveries, but the truth is forceps deliveries, in the hands of well-trained obstetricians, have saved the lives of millions of mothers and babies in distress. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Does minimal-access aortic valve replacement reduce the incidence of postoperative complications?
Not proven (yet): Minimally-invasive heart surgery, including for aortic valve replacement, has not been proven to reduce postoperative complications in randomized studies of both approaches. The one important exception is postoperative pain and immobility; the minimally-invasive approach allows patients, on average, to be pain-free sooner, and become active and return to work, quicker. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Minimal: The Mohs procedure itself has few complications. Occasionally a wound infection and rarely, significant bleeding. But the procedure often takes a while (local anesthesia) and may leave a cosmetic defect that requires a complicated procedure to reconstruct. (But it has a very HIGH rate of total removal of the skin cancer) ...Read more
Similar to standard: For most minimally invasive heart surgery the main difference is the means to access the surgical site. Though less trauma may be needed, the actual surgical procedure itself will be similar and therefore have comparative risk to an "open" case. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer