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Doctor insights on: Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study

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At what stage in diabetes does diabetic retinopathy occur?

At what stage in diabetes does diabetic retinopathy occur?

Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy can occur at any stage in a diabetic patient. That is why an annual dilated eye examination by an ophthalmologist or retina specialist is highly recommended for diabetics, even if they are not having any symptoms. ...Read more

Dr. Chevies Newman
1,113 doctors shared insights

Premature (Definition)

Very premature is a condition in which a baby is delivered between 28 and 31 weeks' gestation. Depending on how premature, how sick, and how lucky or unlucky a baby is, he can get brain problems, cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness, developmental problems, learning disabilities, severe lung diseases, infection and loss of some intestines, etc... Babies who are only moderately premature usually ...Read more


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Is diabetic retinopathy treatable?

Is diabetic retinopathy treatable?

Yes: Diabetic retinopathy is very treatable with laser, steroids, and a new class of medicines called vegf inhibitors. The specific treatment needed depends on the type and extent of the retinopathy. The most important thing is that early treatment always gives the best results. Diabetics need to be monitored at least every year to evaluate for any retinopathy. ...Read more

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Is diabetic retinopathy curable?

Is diabetic retinopathy curable?

Diabetic retinopathy: In susceptible diabetics, prolonged poor control leads to weakening of the outer walls of vessels in the retina leading to outpouching (microaneurysms), leaks, scarring, and vascular occlusion leading to ischemia. Ischemia sends out a signal (vegf) causing the growth of new vessels (neovascularization) which leak, and can lead to retinal detachment and proliferation. It is treatable - hurry. ...Read more

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How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed?

How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed?

Eye exam.: An eye doctor, usually an ophthalmologist or a specialist in the diseases of the retina, diagnosis diabetic retinopathy through a careful eye exam that includes dilating the pupils. Other tests of the may also be performed using photographs, computer scans (oct), or injecting a dye into a vein in the arm and analyzing the dye's flow through the blodd vessels in the back of the eye (fa). ...Read more

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Who's most at risk for diabetic retinopathy?

Who's most at risk for diabetic retinopathy?

Duration and control: The longer you have diabetes, usually more than 10 years and worse the sugar control is, the higher the risk. Diabetic retinopathy results in leakage and bleeding from retinal blood vessels from years of high blood sugars. Without proper treatment, this can lead to visual impairment ...Read more

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For diabetic retinopathy, who is at risk?

All Diabetics: Anyone with diabetes is at risk for diabetic retinopathy, but the risk can be decreased my keeping the sugar as close to normal as possible. Daily glucose checking, being careful to keep your fasting sugar 80 -100 and post meal sugar under 180, will help you to prevent diabetic eye disease. ...Read more

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Is diabetic retinopathy curable? Please advise!

Is diabetic retinopathy curable? Please advise!

Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is due to new abnormal blood vessels growing in the retina. It is a chronic condition that can be managed by anti-angiogenic injections if needed, strict diet control (low or no carb diet), laser if needed. It is able to be controlled in many situations. ...Read more

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What is proliferative diabetic retinopathy?

New vessel growth: The main risk factors for causing pdr are having diabetes for longer than 10 years and poor blood sugar control. Pdr results when retinal blood vessels begin to grow abnormally in response to poor retinal circulation. The new vessels are fragile and bleed easily and bleeding is the main cause of vision loss in pdr. Treatments include laser, vitrectomy surgery, and intravitreal injections. ...Read more

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For Type 2 Diabetes, is the change from non diabetic to diabetic instant? At what point are diabetics confirmed diabetics?

For Type 2 Diabetes, is the change from non diabetic to diabetic instant?   At what point are diabetics confirmed diabetics?

Pre-Diabetes: "PRE-Diabetes" or Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) is the precursor to Diabetes. Normal Fasting BG levels are 70-99. 100-125 is the Pre DM or IFG range,... and 2 fasting specimens (No calories for at least 10 hours before lab work) over 126 is diagnostic of TYPE 2 Diabetes. A 3 month Average test (A1C) can also be sued to help confirm and follow treatment for the diagnosis of Type 2 DM. Stay Well ...Read more

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Diabetic retinopathy laser treatment. What is its goal?

Depends on problem: There are two types of laser used for diabetic retinopathy, one lighter powered laser to decrease swelling, and one stronger powered laser used to cause abnormally growing blood vessels to regress. The blood vessels themselves aren't layered. Instead, laser scarring of the peripheral retina decreases the stimulus that causes those abnormal vessels to grow. ...Read more

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Can diabetic retinopathy be cured?

No cure yet: Diabetic retinopathy cannot be cured but can be effectively treated and in the last 10 years the treatments have improved dramatically with new surgical instruments for the small percentage that require surgery and several new medications that can improve macular edema (swelling of the retina) and control bleeding. But there's no substitute for good sugar and BP control to slow progression. ...Read more

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What is fractional retinal detachment secondary to diabetic retinopathy?

What is fractional retinal detachment secondary to diabetic retinopathy?

Detached Retina: It is actually a tractional retinal detachment. When diabetes causes the retinal blood vessels to die, the retina grows new blood vessels that are disorganized and of poor quality. They grow into the gel that fills the eye called the vitreous. This causes the vitreous to contract and pulls the retina off the back to the eye. That is a tractional retinal detachment. It often needs surgery. ...Read more

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Background diabetic retinopathy, can this be reversed?

Background diabetic retinopathy, can this be reversed?

Daibetic retinopathy: Retinopathy (r) is seen in diabetic patients. It's an example of microangiopathy (m) in diabetes. M is affected not only by glucose control, it is affected more by BP as you can see in the slide. Good control of both BP and glucose levels are keys to the prevention of r. As seen in the image, BP control more importan.T for your answer about r in a particular patient, see an ophthalmologist. ...Read more

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Field vision test normal. 30% optic nerve damage. Is glaucoma in early stage?

Yes: Need more information. Who and how did they claim or detect 30% optic nerve damage? If field is normal, that is a good sign( how did they test this or make that claim?). You need to see an ophthalmologist. ...Read more

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What are your treatment options for diabetic retinopathy?

It depends: Diabetic macular edema may need focal laser treatment and/or intravitreal injection of medication directly into eye. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy may need in-office laser or vitrectomy surgery in the operating room. This disease needs a retina specialist's expertise. ...Read more

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Can you tell me treatment of diabetic retinopathy is possible?

Can you tell me treatment of diabetic retinopathy is possible?

Control Risk Factors: Tight control of glucose can help prevent or delay the onset of retinopathy. Control of blood pressure and cholesterol are also important factors. It is important for all diabetics to get annual dilated eye exams from an ophthalmologist to determine whether retinopathy is present. Treatment options are in-office laser, intraocular injections, and vitrectomy surgery, depending on the severity. ...Read more

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How long is the recovery time after a diabetic retinopathy treatment?

Depends: It depends on the extent of diabetic retinopathy, type of treatment and presence of other comorbidities. There may be no complete recovery in terms of vision restoration. Your ophthalmologist (eye doctor) should be able to outline stages of recovery from the intervention. ...Read more

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What is a good treatment for diabetic retinopathy: how long is recovery time?

What is a good treatment for diabetic retinopathy: how long is recovery time?

Minimal: If you are referring to recovery from laser treatments and injections, then it is very quick. I tell patient's that aside from the blurred vision of dilation, they may return to work or routine activity. If you mean how long does it take to get response to laser or injections, that is a different question altogether. Recovering from surgery should it ever get to that takes longer. ...Read more

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What are treatment options for diabetic retinopathy? If I do develop diabetic retinopathy, what are my options? Which treatments are most effective? .

There : There is a spectrum of presentations with diabetic retinopathy (dr). The mildest, aka background or non proliferative dr requires vigilance and improved control of your blood sugar. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy requires intervention usually with laser treatments and close monitoring. It is important to follow up closely with your eye doctor and improve your treatment compliance. ...Read more

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Is there an over-the-counter treatment for diabetic retinopathy?

Not for treatment...: But the best way to prevent diabetic retinopathy is with blood sugar and blood pressure control. Lifestyle (diet and exercise) play an important role and are available without a doctor's prescription, just like over-the-counter medicines. The treatments for diabetic retinopathy involve the injection of medicines into or next to the eye, in-office laser procedures, and sometimes surgery. ...Read more

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Treatment for diabetic retinopathy with laser: how long is recovery time?

Depends: If you have blood in your eye, that will take many weeks or possibly months to clear even with laser treatment. As for the laser itself, usually the blurriness doesn't go away for a few hours because you would have been put on dilating eye drops. ...Read more

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Diabetic retinopathy laser treatment. What is its goal?

Depends on problem: There are two types of laser used for diabetic retinopathy, one lighter powered laser to decrease swelling, and one stronger powered laser used to cause abnormally growing blood vessels to regress. The blood vessels themselves aren't layered. Instead, laser scarring of the peripheral retina decreases the stimulus that causes those abnormal vessels to grow. ...Read more

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What diabetic retinopathy treatments are currently available?

What diabetic retinopathy treatments are currently available?

Many: Diabetic retinopathy has until recently only been treated with laser and blood sugar control. In the last few years, treatment with steroid injections and a class of drugs called vegf inhibitors have improved treatment. ...Read more

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What are the early symptoms of type II diabetic retinopathy?

See below: Early diabetic retinopathy has no symptoms. By the time symptoms occur, the disease is advanced and vision loss may be permanent. It is for this reason that all diabetics should have a dilated examination every year. We are much better at preventing vision loss than restoring lost vision. ...Read more

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Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is causing me to go blind. Is there a cure?

There is no cure : Pdr, like many complications of diabetes can be managed, but there is no cure. The outcome of treatment depends on the duration of diabetes, the patient's compliance with their diabetes management, and the level of ophthalmological care received. Retina specialists have many tools to preserve vision, but the result depends largely on how serve the disease is. ...Read more

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Can it be possible for you to live a normal life with diabetic retinopathy in your early thirties?

Retinopathy: Retinopathy (R) is a consequence of diabetes. The two most factors that make it worse are high blood pressure and poorly controlled diabetes. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study showed that control of BP was more effective in reducing the incidence of R than tight glucose control. See your endocrinologist to see how well your glucose and BP are controlled. Good luck. ...Read more

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My dad is diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. He didn't say any details, but i'm so scared. Is he going to be blind? He is 65.

My dad is diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. He didn't say any details, but i'm so scared. Is he going to be blind? He is 65.

Treatable : Diabetic retinopathy has to be followed over time by an ophthalmologist it is a treatable condition and does not necessarily mean that your father will go completely blind good luck. ...Read more

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What can I use for diabetic retinopathy if I don't have a doctor?

Find a doctor: Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Any damage produced by this condition is irreversible. The best treatment is prevention by having regular dilated eye exams. You must find an eye doctor who treats diabetic eye disease as soon as you can and have your eyes examined. ...Read more

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Who's most at risk for diabetic retinopathy?

Duration and control: The longer you have diabetes, usually more than 10 years and worse the sugar control is, the higher the risk. Diabetic retinopathy results in leakage and bleeding from retinal blood vessels from years of high blood sugars. Without proper treatment, this can lead to visual impairment ...Read more

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Can eyesight return after having a diabetic retinopathy?

Can eyesight return after having a diabetic retinopathy?

Sometimes: If bleeding inside the eye is the cause, the bleeding may clear (or may need to be removed with surgery), after which vision will return. Also, laser treatment for swelling may result in improvement in vision about 1/3 of the time. ...Read more

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What can be done for clients with diabetic retinopathy?

What can be done  for clients with diabetic retinopathy?

See a retina special: If you mean what kind of treatments are available, there are many. For diabetic macular edema: laser, eye injections of medicine (anti-vegf and steroids). For proliferative diabetic retinopathy: laser, eye injections of medicine. For vitreous hemorrhage: vitrectomy surgery with laser. For tractional retinal detachment: vitrectomy, with laser and membrane peeling. ...Read more

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Dr. Harold Peltan
250 doctors shared insights

Diabetic Retinopathy (Definition)

Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to thinning of blood vessels in the back of the eye which pouch out (microaneurysms) or leak. This can cause edema or scarring and lead to severe visual loss unless treated. Treatment can be very effective and this is why diabetics are encouraged to get a yearly eye ...Read more


Retinopathy (Definition)

Retinopathy is a generic term for any disease ...Read more