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Doctor insights on: Dystonia Consequences

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My niece has dystonia, and as a result, she can't move or open her eyes. Any recommended treatments for her?

My niece has dystonia, and as a result, she can't move or open her eyes. Any recommended treatments for her?

Oculoplastic surgeon: Although dystonia can limited any or all muscle movement, in certain instances there can be help available. If your niece cannot open her eyes, it is possible to perform a porcedure to allow them to open further. The danger is that the eyes will not be able to close well. It is worth at least speaking with an oculoplastic surgeon and her specialist as well. ...Read more

Dr. Chan Hwang
379 doctors shared insights

Dystonia (Definition)

A neurological movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle ...Read more


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What is dystonia?

What is dystonia?

Muscle contractions: Dystonia is a disorder where involuntary muscle contractions result in slow repetitive movements or abnormal postures. It can effect individual muscles, groups of muscles or the muscles throughout the body. ...Read more

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Who gets dystonia? 

Who gets dystonia? 

Various factors: Genetics plays a role (e.g. Dyt-1 and many similar childhood onset dystonias, etc). It may also come about from injury to certain parts of the brain (esp. The basal ganglia areas) from stroke, head injury, toxic exposure, certain diseases, and other causes, but for many (esp. Most adults who develop dystonia) there is no clear cause. ...Read more

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Is dystonia painful?

It can be.: Dystonias can be both painful and scary, especially when they first start and are unexpected. They essentially are like a severe muscle cramp that goes on and on. ...Read more

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What is ego-dystonia?

Inconsistent behavio: A condition in which a persons actions, thoughts and behavior are not consistent with patients personality. In short, a lie. Politicians live by this. ...Read more

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Symptoms of dystonia?

Symptoms of dystonia?

Involuntary movement: Dystonia symptoms will vary with type you have. Most frequently there is cramping, or tightening of muscles after heavy use or during stress. Handwriting may worsen after a line or so of writing, a foot may turn inward, head may turn as the neck muscles tighten. ...Read more

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What causes dystonia? 

Many things: Dystonia is a neurologic syndrome characterized by sustained involuntary muscular activity producing sustained, abnormal and repetitive muscle contractions causing twisting movements, abnormal posture and functional disability. There are many different types and causes with different prognoses. Some remit, some stay the same and others get worse. ...Read more

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How is dystonia treated? 

How is dystonia treated? 

Just modification: There are many forms of dystonia. Some cases are transient and resolve on their own. Some cases are progressive and get much worse over time. Some are modified with treatment. Some seem to disappear following procedures such as deep brain stimulation, but can recur. Muscle relaxant medications can help and food therapy techniques have been useful. Avoiding triggers is important. ...Read more

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What is "axial dystonia"?

Affects mid line mus: When dystnia affects midline muscles near spine then it is called axial dystonia. ...Read more

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Can you die from dystonia? 

Very unusual to: It would be very unusual for dystonia to be a proximate cause of death, though it can be disabling and lead to complications like clots going to the lungs, infections, or other complications from immobility. ...Read more

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What are the causes of dystonia?

Unclear.: We do not understand the causes of dystonias at a mechanistic level. We do divide dystonias into two types: primary and secondary. In primary dystonia there is likely a genetic predisposition with an environmental trigger. Secondary dystonias are caused by trauma, brain disease or certain medications such as neuroleptics (major tranquilizers). ...Read more

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Which drugs make dystonia worse?

Depends: Depending on the type of dystonia it can be made worse either by drugs that block Dopamine (e.g., neuroleptic medications such as haloperidol, risperidone, etc.) and certain antinausea medications (e.g., metoclopramide, etc) or drugs that enhance the effect of Dopamine such as levodopa. ...Read more

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What are the tests for dystonia?

Depends on factors.: Get a good general physical and neurologic exam. Discuss the nature of your dystonia: age onset, bodily distribution, the progression, triggers, present at rest-any suppressing factors. History and family history will dictate other "tests." blood, spinal fluid, electrical recording techniques, biopsies, eye exam, and thorough neuro and possibly imaging studes may be considered. ...Read more

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What sort of disorder is dystonia?

What sort of disorder is dystonia?

Abnormal contraction: Dystonia is often a somewhat generic term for abnormal muscle contraction. True dystonia is thought to be abnormal muscle contractions due to a problem in the spinal cord or brain. Sometimes the exact nature of the problem in the spinal cord or brain cannot be diagnosed. Mri is often used to try to help diagnose this. Any muscle in the body can develop this problem. ...Read more

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Does dystonia get worse over time?

Depends: Dystonia is a neurologic syndrome characterized by sustained involuntary muscular activity producing sustained, abnormal and repetitive muscle contractions causing twisting movements, abnormal posture and functional disability. There are many different types and causes with different prognoses. Some remit, some stay the same and others get worse. ...Read more

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How can I cure and treat dystonia?

No cure: there is no cure for dystonia. Depending upon the location and extent of the dystonia, oral medications or injections of Botox can be beneficial. usually Botox is much more effective treatment for dystonia and other medications. Best to check with her doctor. ...Read more

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How long does dystonia usually last?

How long does dystonia usually last?

Dystonia: If you are asking about dystonia as a side effect of taking medication, the dystonia will last as long as you are taking the medication. If this is a side effect, the dystonia can be relieved by using benedryl. Speak to your doctor for help with this. ...Read more

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Are medications used to treat dystonia? 

Yes: Several different kinds of medications can be helpful with dystonias, depending on the type of dystonia. Neurologists and psychiatrists generally have the most expertise for helping with dystonias. ...Read more

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What part of body does dystonia affect? 

Muscle movement: Any area of the body can be affected by this neurological and muscle problem. It is technically a movement disorder that can affect any site of the body. ...Read more

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What are the best ways to cure dystonia?

See below: In dystonia, your muscles contract involuntarily — causing uncontrollable repetitive or twisting movements of the affected body part. There are several options to treat this condition. Physical therapy is often used to help address the muscle spasms and restore normal range of motion. Botox injections can also be placed into the muscle the help it relax. ...Read more