Doctor insights on:
Several short types: The commonly seen form of achondroplasia is an autosomal dominant form of short limb dwarfism. 80% are new mutations but it can be passed parent to child at a 50%/pregnancy rate. A fetus with a pair of achondroplasia genes has a severe condition & is unlikely to survive infancy. Their are a number of conditions that produce "little people" & you may be thinking of another condition. ...Read more
Little people have : short stature, usually < 58 " as adults. A variety of genetic conditions cause dwarfism, characterterized by disproportionate body proportions, skeletal anomalies & other medical conditions. "Midget" is a pejorative term for people with proportionate short stature from a variety of genetic, nutritional, & other medical causes. Use " little person" or " a person with ....", a specific diagnosis. ...Read more
Yes: Internal organs are proportionately in same relative position as normal sized patients. ...Read more
Is it possible for a baby to be born a dwarf and also have down syndrome? How rare is a down dwarf?
Excedingly rare: I had occasion many years ago to investigate such a situation & needed to find answers for why some kids with ds chromosomes (t21) had totally different physical features. Run the numbers: achondroplasia (common new mutation dwarf) @ 1/15, 000 x 1/1700 (risk of ds @ 21)=1/25, 000, 000. ...Read more
Can you tell me if the reproductive system of a dwarf is the same length and size of a average sized female?
Achondroplasia is : the most common form of dwarfism, but there are over 200 types, so you need to specify which type. For A.D., the uterus can be normal size but its placement is abdominal, not pelvic. Penile & testicular size in males with AD can be within normal limits. The lungs can be compromised by malformations of the spine & rib cage, requiring expert care for labor & delivery of a little person female. ...Read more
What to do if I am 5'1(40+ years old) and I am short. What is the maximum height for someone who is considered a dwarf/little person?
Under 4'10": A dwarf is defined as an adult under 4'10". You are short, but not a dwarf. ...Read more