Top
30
Doctor insights on: Down Syndrome Without Mental Retardation

Share
1

1
Can a Down syndrome baby be not retarded?

Can a Down syndrome baby be not retarded?

Range of intelligenc: Children with Down syndrom have a range of intelligence. Those at the higher end are usually at the low end of the average range and can be quite independent. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 Doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living. For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate, (between 35 and 50), severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


2

2
Prior to my birth, the doctors said I had spina bifida down syndrome, they said I would be retarded, what does this mean?

Prior to my birth, the doctors said I had spina bifida down syndrome, they said I would be retarded, what does this mean?

Who knows?: If you don't have either of these things it suggests that:
1) Doctors aren't always right
2) Ultrasounds weren't nearly as good in those days ...Read more

3

3
Tips for mentally stimulating a child with down syndrome?

Tips for mentally stimulating a child with down syndrome?

Early Intervention: Programs for infants with DS accelerate attainment of motor, communication, self-help/adaptive & cognitive skills through OT, PT, cognitive, behavioral & Speech/Language Therapy from 0-3, then Early Childhood Special Education beginning at age 3 + individual therapies, if possible. Ask teachers & therapists what skills your child has mastered, what he's ready to do next & how to motivate him. ...Read more

4

4
What are the mental limitations of someone with Down syndrome?

What are the mental limitations of someone with Down syndrome?

About 70% of people: With DS have mild -moderate Intellectual Disability (ID) by standardized tests of abstract thinking, problem-solving, planning, academic learning, etc. & of adaptive ability in cognitive, social & practical areas. Mild ID = IQ 50-70; moderate ID = IQ 35-49. Some have IQ's in the Borderline Range of normal, 70-79; others, severe ID = IQ 20-34 or profound ID = IQ l<20. See www. Ndss. Org for more. ...Read more

5

5
My grandaughter has lost volume in the front of her brain. She has Down syndrome and west syndrome. How will this affect her physical and mental deve?

My grandaughter has lost volume in the front of her brain. She has Down syndrome and west syndrome. How will this affect her physical and mental deve?

Misunderstanding?: A question like this is too important, and takes more knowledge of her individuality, for us to be able to answer. Down syndrome brains are shaped slightly differently from the rest of us and almost all of them have less volume in the front, which tends to be squared. Might it be that she has always been like this? ...Read more

7

7
Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

8

8
Is fragile x syndrome the same degree of retardation as down syndrome?

Variable: They are both "genetic" conditions but they are different in the spectrum of issues they present-.
People with fragile x may have subtle cognitive impairments all depending on how affected the fmr1 gene is.
People with downs have an extra chromosome and kids have delayed cognition as well as physical growth and frequently heart problems. They both may exhibit autistic traits, more so fagile x. ...Read more

9

9
How many ways can Down syndrome develop?

Extra 21 chromosome: The majority of Down syndrome develops when the fertilized egg gets an extra number 21 chromosome from the mother. When that cell divides and forms an embryo, every one of the cells in the baby's body have that extra 21 chromosome. There are rare cases where a baby inherits an extra part of the 21 chromosome from one of it's parents. The extra genes on the 21 chromosome cause the down syndrome. ...Read more

10

10
How to train children with down syndrome?

How to train children with down syndrome?

For an assessment: Of the child's developmental needs & toilet-training readiness, if < 3 yrs. Old, call Pam Barton,
Franklin County Help Me Grow Coordinator at (614) 227-9860. If 3-5 yrs. Old, call Lynn Brannon, Director of Early Childhood Special Education at (614) 542-4106.
At the same time, call (614) 355-8080 for an evaluation at the Down Syndrome Clinic, Nationwide Children's Hospital, (614) 355-8080. ...Read more

11

11
How can Down syndrome effect your health?

How can Down syndrome effect your health?

Every cell affected: Down syndrome is caused by having an extra copy of chromosome 21. Typically, this is caused by having three full copies of chromosome 21, also known as trisomy 21. Every cell in the body has an abnormal number of chromosomes, so it's easy to imagine that multiple organ systems would be affected. A valuable resource for Down syndrome health supervision is available from the aap. Www. Aap. Org. ...Read more

12

12
How is for a child living with down syndrome?

Broad topic: A bit too broad for a 400 character answer. You might explore the official website of the national Down syndrome society & check out thir regular stories on this topic.
www. Ndss. Org/my-great-story. ...Read more

14

14
What can I do to know if I have down syndrome?

Blood test: The confirmation of this diagnosis is best done with a blood test with chromosome analysis. This is the best way to confirm or exclude the diagnosis. It also allows for sub-classification into the several forms. There is classical, mosaic, and translocation forms of ds. ...Read more

15

15
What body systems are affected by down syndrome?

What body systems are affected by down syndrome?

Multi-system: Heart, thyroid, eyes, iq are the most common to be affected. The child may have a slight problem or a significant impairment in one or several of those areas. ...Read more

16

16
I have a child with down syndrome? What do I do?

I have a child with down syndrome? What do I do?

Down's Syndrome: Your pediatrician will be very familiar with this, and will help you. You can also look for a local support group. There is also a national group, as well. Http://www. Ndss. Org ...Read more

17

17
What areas of the body does Down syndrome affect?

Downs Syndrome: Downs syndrome affects the nervous system like intelectual disability. It can affect heart with congenital heart disease.Thyroid may be affected like congenital hypothyroidism, increased incidense of hirschsprung disease, duodenal atresia, gastro esophagial reflux disease. I fertility in men and women have increase incidence of misscarriage, prematurity. Risk of epilepsy, eye and ear diorders&hearing loss. ...Read more

18

18
Is Down syndrome sex linked/recessive/or dominant?

Is Down syndrome sex linked/recessive/or dominant?

None of the above: Down syndrome happens when an extra 21 chromosome is present in all the cells of the body. It happens before conception when the donor egg fails to shed one of its 21 chromosomes in the formation of the egg; the male 21 joins the female pair & creates an embryo with 3 number 21's. It has nothing to do with traits or mutations in the gene code. ...Read more

19

19
What are symptoms of major diseases in down syndrome?

What are symptoms of major diseases in down syndrome?

Variable: The most significant symptoms happen if the child with down's has cardiac defects. Some of these defects may require surgery. Immunity issues may exist that predipose to infection and/or leukemia (a blood cancer). ...Read more

20

20
Do you think an adult could have mosaic down syndrome?

Do you think an adult could have mosaic down syndrome?

Accounts for 1% DS: Mosaicism is encountered in ds patients & I have followed one in the past. By definition, some tissues are composed of cells with normal information & other tissues have the abnormal, but the mix could vary greatly in the percentage of either. Functional outcome depends on that blend & whether the abnormally derived tissues compose critical structures like brain, blood, reproductive organs, etc. ...Read more

21

21
Is there any way to naturally lower the risk of down syndrome?

Is there any way to naturally lower the risk of down syndrome?

No Except....: The risk of having a baby with down's syndrome increases with the age of the mother. Thus having children at younger ages is the only known way to naturally lower the risk. ...Read more

22

22
How many cases of Down syndrome are reported around the world?

How many cases of Down syndrome are reported around the world?

DS Education Inter-: National estimates that there are 1.6 million children under the age of 18 who have Down Syndrome. See http://www. Dseinternational. Org/en-us/about-down-syndrome/ ...Read more

23

23
Please tell me the characteristics of Down syndrome for a baby?

DEPENDS ON SEVERITY-: Poor muscle tone; flat face ; nasal bridge; upward slanted eyes w/epicanthic folds; low set ears; open mouth w/protruding tongue; short neck w/excessive skin on nape; short, broad hands; incurved 5th finger; transverse palmar crease; wide gap betn 1st ; 2nd toe; joint hyper flexibility; intellectual/ developmental delay w/mental retardation; congenital heart ; GI malformation, short stature etc. ...Read more

24

24
What are the chances that one of my children will have Down syndrome?

What are the chances that one of my children will have Down syndrome?

ACOG charts show the: Risk of having a fetus with a Trisomy 21, Down Syndrome, at prenatal diagnosis vs. The risk of having a live-born infant with DS because ~ 25% are lost. If there is no family history or prior infant with DS, at age 42 at delivery, the risk is 1/63; risk at 16 weeks' gestation is 1/50 - 1/55. Risk of any chromosomal disorder at term is 1/42. If 43 at term, DS risk is 1/49; of any trisomy, 1/33. ...Read more

25

25
I'm just wondering, if you had down syndrome, would you take a drug to counteract the effects?

What drug????: There is no drug to counteract the effects of down syndrome. This chromosomal disorder puts extra chromosome material in every cell of the body. That extra material is like having 2 sets of conflicting blue prints to build a house. Stuff doesn't come out right. ...Read more

27

27
Does teething cause down syndrome?

Not at all: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder, you can only be born with it, teething has nothing to do with it, your baby is safe. ...Read more

28

28
Is Down syndrome dominant or recessive?

Neither: Down syndrome happens when an extra 21 chromosome is present in all the cells of the body. It happens before conception when the donor egg fails to shed one of its 21 chromosomes in the formation of the egg & the male 21 joins the female pair & creates an embryo with 3 number 21's. ...Read more

29

29
What are the mechanisms of down syndrome?

What are the mechanisms of down syndrome?

Several possible: The features of Down syndrome seem to be dependent on the addition of one extra segment of a 21 chromosome. You can get there several ways. The traditional ds (~95%) has 3 copies of a 21 chromosome. About 4% have the specific extra 21 piece stuck on a regular chromosome. About 1% have a mosaic of some normal and some 21 trisomy in variable amounts. ...Read more

30

30
Which type of mutation causes down syndrome?

Which type of mutation causes down syndrome?

Trisomy 21: Down syndrome is also called trisomy 21. That means that there is a partial or complete third copy of the chromosome 21. It is the most common chromosomal abnormality. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
654 Doctors shared insights

Down Syndrome (Definition)

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing ...Read more