Doctor insights on:
Down Syndrome Without Mental Retardation
From infancy through: adulthood people with DS have delays in receptive & expressive language, ='in some areas to cognition, usually mild-moderate Intellectual Disability, others lower..Babies, toddlers & children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder may not talk or may have bizarre jargon mixed with babbling, then words, but they lack joint attention, communicative intent & reciprocal conversational skills. ...Read more
Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more
Anger management: The degree of shaking necessary to damage a baby is quite severe and must occur repeatedly to be really damaging. Most new parents can be angry with the baby, but will easily diffuse the anger and avoid injury to the child. Normal play and enthusiastic handling of the baby will not produce brain damage. ...Read more
Unchanged: Mr is relatively constant, partly because it is defined as a percentage of the population. One big change that has occurred over the past 10-15 years, though, is that many previously labeled as severe or profound mr now are called autistic. Mr is a less popular term--enough so that there the term is being dropped in favor of intellectual disability. ...Read more
No,no,maybe: CP is an injury to the developing nervous system,it is not inherited. There are several forms of Osteogenisis imperfecta and their inherance varies.some do not survive infancy, some require an OI gene from both parents.Down syndrome males are usually sterile, females can reproduce and just under 50% of their babies would be DS. ...Read more
Random brain pain associated with bad memory/event. Low self esteem. History of mental illness on mother's side. Causes?
What is downs syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, high functioning autism, asperger's syndrome and what are the causes?
See below: Down's syndrome. A genetic defect that seems to occur with mother's who are older. Fetal alcohol syndrome: this is caused by excessive intake of alcohol during the pregnancy, especially the early part of pregnancy when the nervous system is developing. As to aspergers, no one is quite sure at this time. ...Read more
Yes: Seizures can be seen in people with dandy-walker malformation. Seizures are sudden changes in mental status, abnormal involuntary movements or behaviors that are due to abnormal electrical discharges in the brain. Usually, seizures are not harmful, but can be if prolonged (like >20 minutes) or they interfere with breathing and oxygen being delivered to the brain. ...Read more
Munchausen: If chronic & untreated, possibly.Get a more detailed answer ›
What is psychomotor retardation in an adult with Paranoid Schizophrenia and Depression mean? Does it mean Schizophrenia with Mental Retardation?
Psychomotor: Psychomotor retardation or impairment is the visible slowing of physical activity such as movement or speech. Psychomotor retardation can be seen in many mental health disorders including schizophrenia and depression. It is not to be confused with mental retardation which is intellectual disability or cognitive impairment. ...Read more
Seizures are the...: Seizures are the result of abnormalities in the brain structure, imbalances in brain chemistry or electrical signals, etc... Seizures are not the cause of the brain problems, but rather the person's brain problems may be causing the seizures. That means seizures and mental retardation can both be due to some other brain problem, but the seizures and mental retardation are not causing one another. ...Read more
Triplet repeats....: All three are caused by a form of genetic instability involving dna triplet repeats, however they affect three different genes and cause three different diseases: freidrich's = degenerative neuro-muscular disorder; fragilex = mental retardation and behavioral disorder; and myotonic = progressive muscle wasting and weakness. ...Read more
Does 6q deletion always involve mental retardation? Or can some develope a normal cognitive ability?
Please provide more: specific information from the genetic lab's report of results of your child's Chromosomal Microarray. Exactly where is the deletion on the long arm of Chromosome 6? Is it proximal like Chr.6q11-16, distal like Chr. 6q26-27 or other? The size & location of the missing genetic material determine clinical & Neurodevelopmental findings, or phenotype, & help with prognosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Subtle question: In mania, people subjectively feel their performance is superior when actually it is not--it becomes degraded by distractability and flighty thinking. Yet underlying cognitive capacity remains intact. Mild mania (hypomania) provide boosts of energy that multiply the effect of intelligence even though, once again, the underlying capacity remains unchanged. Untreated bipolar reduces net performance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can you tell me how can the chromosomal conditions , trisomy x, xyy syndrome and turner syndrome differ?
Good online sites: Xxx and xyy have relatively little impact on those who have them and are usually incidental findings -- this is actually true despite the hoopla over xyy. I have three physician colleagues who have turner's xo and do fine. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ is really good (thanks uncle sam). ...Read more
- Talk to a doctor live online for free
- Down syndrome vs mental retardation
- Alpha thalassemia mental retardation syndrome
- Mental symptoms of down syndrome
- Ask a doctor a question free online
- Mental effects of down syndrome
- Mental retardation
- Signs of mental retardation in babies
- Environmental causes of mental retardation
- Talk to a pediatrician online