Doctor insights on:
Down Syndrome Vs Mental Retardation
Unchanged: Mr is relatively constant, partly because it is defined as a percentage of the population. One big change that has occurred over the past 10-15 years, though, is that many previously labeled as severe or profound mr now are called autistic. Mr is a less popular term--enough so that there the term is being dropped in favor of intellectual disability. ...Read more
Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more
What is downs syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, high functioning autism, asperger's syndrome and what are the causes?
See below: Down's syndrome. A genetic defect that seems to occur with mother's who are older. Fetal alcohol syndrome: this is caused by excessive intake of alcohol during the pregnancy, especially the early part of pregnancy when the nervous system is developing. As to aspergers, no one is quite sure at this time. ...Read more
Triplet repeats....: All three are caused by a form of genetic instability involving dna triplet repeats, however they affect three different genes and cause three different diseases: freidrich's = degenerative neuro-muscular disorder; fragilex = mental retardation and behavioral disorder; and myotonic = progressive muscle wasting and weakness. ...Read more
Terminology: These are older terms intending to contrast disorders affecting physical brain & its anatomical functioning, with disorders thought to be more neurotic -- arising from unconscious defense mechanisms at the like. "organic mental disorders" include acute confusional states like delirium, as in alcohol & drug withdrawal. They also include chronic syndromes such as dementia (example: alzheimer's). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
No,no,maybe: CP is an injury to the developing nervous system,it is not inherited. There are several forms of Osteogenisis imperfecta and their inherance varies.some do not survive infancy, some require an OI gene from both parents.Down syndrome males are usually sterile, females can reproduce and just under 50% of their babies would be DS. ...Read more
Anger management: The degree of shaking necessary to damage a baby is quite severe and must occur repeatedly to be really damaging. Most new parents can be angry with the baby, but will easily diffuse the anger and avoid injury to the child. Normal play and enthusiastic handling of the baby will not produce brain damage. ...Read more
Yes and No: About 70% 0f lymphangiomas are seen associatted with genetic syndromes. It is frequently seen in patients with turner syndrome (x0) & occasionally seen in down syndrome (trisomy 21) and others. It also occurs sporadicly in otherwise normal kids. The largest one i ever saw was locates over the trunk and side of a normal kid. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Impact on function: Until one finds a way to relieve or reduce the symptoms of mental/emotional/behavioral disorders they do indeed have an impact on functioning in many areas of life. Often that is a necessary part of the dx. It's not likely that the innate intellectual capacity would be diminished, but the performance level definitely could. Find effective tx - a combo of cbt talk therapy and meds may be best. ...Read more
I need your expertise, is higher functioning autism or Asperger syndrome also considered a mental health disorder?
Yes: The diagnosis has been incorporated into high-functioning autism. However, just because it's a handicap of sorts -- you'll never be super-coordinated and probably never excel at team sports -- you can learn social skills, and your ability to focus your mind is a huge PLUS in our tech age. And if single agrees with you, you're extra fortunate. Who needs to be exactly like everyone else? ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Subtle question: In mania, people subjectively feel their performance is superior when actually it is not--it becomes degraded by distractability and flighty thinking. Yet underlying cognitive capacity remains intact. Mild mania (hypomania) provide boosts of energy that multiply the effect of intelligence even though, once again, the underlying capacity remains unchanged. Untreated bipolar reduces net performance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
From infancy through: adulthood people with DS have delays in receptive & expressive language, ='in some areas to cognition, usually mild-moderate Intellectual Disability, others lower..Babies, toddlers & children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder may not talk or may have bizarre jargon mixed with babbling, then words, but they lack joint attention, communicative intent & reciprocal conversational skills. ...Read more
What is psychomotor retardation in an adult with Paranoid Schizophrenia and Depression mean? Does it mean Schizophrenia with Mental Retardation?
Psychomotor: Psychomotor retardation or impairment is the visible slowing of physical activity such as movement or speech. Psychomotor retardation can be seen in many mental health disorders including schizophrenia and depression. It is not to be confused with mental retardation which is intellectual disability or cognitive impairment. ...Read more
How psychomotor retardation and attention impairment in disorders like MDD and ADHD are quantified with psychometric tests or by other means?
Autism vs MR: Mr is a reflection of compromised intellectual skills which can be measured and categorized. I may also be seen in any medical, physical and psychological states. Autism, by contrast, is a psychological/biological psychological characterized by an inability to form relationships and relate. To the outside world. Autism means "preoccupation with the self". It may or may not effect intellect. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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