Doctor insights on:
Atomoxetine inhibits serotonin transporter, dopamine transporter and naroephinephrine. What does inhibit mean?
Strattera (atomoxetine): Inhibition is the opposite of stimulation, so the effectiveness is reduced. ...Read more
Test adrenal fxn.: This test is to check on whether or not your adrenal glands are working right. The acth action is to increase production and release of corticosteroids. In the test, a small amount of synthetic acth is injected and the amount of cortisol the adrenals produce in response is measured. This is used to check for things like primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency, and addison's disease. ...Read more
Conc. electrolytes.: These refer to the concentration of electrolytes in the body/plasma, or the electrolyte-water balance. These measure the same thing, only that osmolality is the number of osmoles per kilogram of solvent or osm/kg, while osmolarity is the number of osmoles per liter of solution or osm/ltr. Osmolality excludes the solute, while osmolarity includes it, so osmolality has a slightly higher reading. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Yes, only dopaminergic neurons release dopamine, but there are several dopaminergic pathways in the brain. Dopaminergic neurons in midbrain are the main source of Dopamine in the mammalian cns. Losing these is associated with parkinson's disease. Dopamine neurons are involved with voluntary movement and other behavioral processes such as mood, reward, addiction, psychosis, and stress. ...Read more
14/male results/ catecholamine norm?
Norepinephrine, supine 136.0 pg/ml
* epinephrine, <10 pg/ml
*dopamine, <10 pg/ml
norepinephrine, stand 457.0 pg/ml
epinephrine, 14.0 pg/ml
dopamine, 16.0 pg/m
Inject syn. ACTH: Hi. It's a test for primary adrenal insufficiency (where the adrenal glands themselves have failed) where synthetic ACTH(1-24), the N-terminal 24 amino acid peptide of native ACTH, is injected IV, and the adrenal response in making cortisol is measured at 0, 30, and 60 minutes. Dead adrenals don't respond. The ACTH-stim test does not reliably test for pituitary disease. ...Read more
Pituitary hormone: Hi. ACTH is a hormone from the pituitary gland that travels by the bloodstream to the adrenal glands and stimulates cortisol production (and to a lesser extent, aldosterone). The cortisol feeds back to the pituitary to regulate ACTH release (also effects on hypothalamic CRH, but we'll keep it simple). ACTH positive feedforward & cortisol negative feedback works beautifully. Diseases can affect it. ...Read more
Metanephrine: You should discontinue Epinephrine and epinephrine-like drugs for at least 1 week before the test, stop using Acetaminophen 48 hours beforehand, and fast for 8-10 hours prior to collection. It is especially important not to have any caffeine containing food (soda, chocolate), coffee (including decaf), tobacco (smoking cigarettes or cigars), tea, or alcohol for at least 4 hours before specimen coll. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Sine seratonin depletes other nerotransmitters like dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine...By "deplete" does it mean a permanent thing?
Not correct: Serotonin does not deplete other neurotransmitters, but there is a balance especially between Dopamine and serotonin. This balance is dynamic and constantly re-establishing itself. Unless there is damage to neurons (which there can be when abusing certain drugs) neurotransmitter changes would not be permanent. ...Read more
Can taking bovine colostrum increase plasma immunoglobulin levels, thereby masking an underlying immunoglobulin deficiency by altering blood tests?
Unlikely: Very thoughtful idea. Unfortunately, the bovine immunoglobins are too large to be absorbed from the intestine and would be digested by stomach and intestinal juices and enzymes. With use you would be providing body with raw materials for making your own immunoglobulins, but at a cost. Any "complete" proteins from eggs or milk could provide the same protein precursors and support good health. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Which glutamate receptor(s) are affected negatively by monosodium glutamate: ampa, nmda, and/or kainate?
Interesting question: I have not found any publications specifically studying this question. Antipsychotics and Prozac (fluoxetine) can affect prolactin, potentially changing sex hormone levels. This may or may not relate to shbg levels, though. I did find one small (20 patients) study online concerning low testosterone levels and antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction: http://tinyurl.Com/mk84cfr further research needed. ...Read more
Does dopamite(dopamine supplement) increase more dopamine level or prescribed medicine like biperiden(dopamine reuptake inhibitor) does?
Yes: The caffeine in coffee blocks Adenosine receptors, which when activated make you tired and sleepy. This blockade also affects all major neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, acetylcholine, serotonin -- and in high doses, norepinephrine too. Dopamine effects are not in the exact same regions of the brain that other addictive substances affect, though. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer