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Doctor insights on: Does The Brain Play A Role In Addiction

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Which part of the brain plays a role in addiction?

Which part of the brain plays a role in addiction?

Dopamine reward: You can find some basic information about Dopamine and the reward system of teh brain, still sometimes called the limbic system at http://www.Addictscience.Com/drugs-and-dopamine
all the very recent excitement about food addicion is localized to activation in the nucleus accumbens, one part of the brain involved in reward and craving. ...Read more

Dr. Vasu Brown
612 doctors shared insights

Addiction (Definition)

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more


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Which plays the biggest part in the smoking addiction, the mind or the body?

Which plays the biggest part in the smoking addiction, the mind or the body?

Both play a part.: Nicotine is definitely physiologicaly addicting. Smokers experience withdrawal symptoms and cravings as nicotine is eliminated from the body. Smokers also have very strong habits that involve hands, mouth, breathing, etc. At certain times and in response to certain triggers. Effective programs to stop smoking address the psychological as well as the physiological aspects of this addiction. ...Read more

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Does guilt play a role in drug or alcohol addiction?

Does guilt play  a role in drug or alcohol addiction?

No: If you're asking if make somebody feel guilty will help him/her to stop drinking or using, then the answer is 99% no. If you're asking whether some people use because he feels guilty, then the answer is: very possible, but clearly not the only reason. Find a good therapist, both for the patient and for the family. The problem most of the times is a family problem, even if you don't think so. ...Read more

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Is it true that genetics play a role in an individual's drug or alcohol addiction?

Is it true that genetics play a role in an individual's drug or alcohol addiction?

Unfortunately, yes: Family history is an iimportant risk for developing drug and alcohol addiction. There is something about the brain that one is given, that makes one more susceptible to taking drugs or alcohol.....And those people who are vulnerable, get something extra, that most others do not get from taking drugs or alcohol, which unfortunately encourages the person to take more and more, leading to problems. ...Read more

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How much of a role does drug abuse in pregnancy play in adult addiction in baby later?

How much of a role does drug abuse in pregnancy play in adult addiction in baby later?

Family disease: Addiction is a family disease; it may be passed biologically, emotionally and psychologically from parents (or grandparents) to children. ...Read more

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What role do genetics play in addictions, especially alcoholism?

What role do genetics play in addictions, especially alcoholism?

A strong role: Alcoholism runs in families- if you have a first-degree relative who is an alcohol dependent, you have 3 to 4 times increased risk of becoming alcohol dependent. Genetics are figured to account for roughly 50% of your risk of developing alcohol dependence. Similar relationships exist for other substances; initiation is situational, but whether that becomes an addiction depends on one's genetics. ...Read more

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How much of a role do drug & alcohol abuse by parents play in addiction in their children?

How much of a role do drug & alcohol abuse by parents play in addiction in their children?

A Lot: There is controversy over whether these traits are genetic in origin, altho i believe they may be. But the modeling behavior of parenting is clearly a factor. ...Read more

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How much of a role does alcohol abuse by parents play in developing addiction in children?

How much of a role does alcohol abuse by parents play in developing addiction in children?

A lot: You sound correctly concerned.Now let's confer with an excellent psychiatrist . For you! for the kids ! ...Read more

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Which vitamins/minerals/supplements play great role in betterment of brain functions, especially for struggling students, and what should be avoided?

Which vitamins/minerals/supplements play great role in betterment of brain functions, especially for struggling students, and what should be avoided?

Big picture: All the basic nutrients are helpful, especially in our era when many diets are marginal at best. Be sure you're not hypothyroid, anemic, suffering from sleep apnea / restless legs, in a rough or abusive social situation, or with a host of other illnesses. Study the subjects you find most interesting, preview / do problems before lecture, and get help from a learning expert. ...Read more

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Does genetics play a role in developing a brain tumor?

Does genetics play a role in developing a brain tumor?

Yes.: In certain brain tumors, genetic mutations have been discovered. Some of these are 'passed down' from parent to child. Others are new and spontaneous. There are many different types of brain tumors, both benign and malignant. Each has its own unique genetic risk. ...Read more

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Cerebral palsy stiffness and trouble moving seems to be worse along w pain. What can i do? Is it age or zoloft side effects playing a role?

Cerebral palsy stiffness and trouble moving seems to be worse along w pain. What can i do? Is it age or zoloft side effects playing a role?

Spasticity: CP related spasticity can cause pain and stiffness sensation in your joints, talk to your neurologist about anti-spasticity medications like baclofen, if those are ineffective botulinum toxin injection treatment can help with both the pain and spasticity ...Read more

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Is there an addiction or disorder for people who watch anime excessively or play video games frequently? Watching free stream anime online 6-12 hours every day even digging into hentai for the absence of intimacy. And online using video games for social n

Is there an addiction or disorder for people who watch anime excessively or play video games frequently? Watching free stream anime online 6-12 hours every day even digging into hentai for the absence of intimacy. And online using video games for social n

Yes: Online addictions, whether for action games, online porn, chatrooms or many other activities can be serious and damaging to quality of life. Many addiction programs have now started special programs for those with these kinds of problems (called 'process' addictions). They sometimes reflect another underlying psychiatric problem, sometimes not. See an addiction specialist (aaap.Org or asam.Org). ...Read more

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How does addiction effect the brain?

How does addiction effect the brain?

Alter reward pathway: Drugs alter reward pathway in brain - learn more at - http://learn.Genetics.Utah.Edu/content/addiction/. ...Read more

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What will addiction do to the brain?

What will addiction do to the brain?

A lot: Besides acting like a poison that we somehow can't stop taking, it creates action in nerve cells that's responsible for making us feel something we want to feel (or avoid what we don't want to feel. When we stop the drug, we have a hard time replacing the sensation we were looking for naturally. Often it hurts so much that we go back.With help we can get deal with our feelings naturally again. ...Read more

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Is addiction a brain disease?

Is addiction a brain disease?

Yes: There may be behavioral components, but addiction is fundamentally related to underlying brain function and the effects of the substance on the brain. ...Read more

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Is tv addiction considered a brain disease?

Is tv addiction considered a  brain disease?

That depends on: Who you ask. It is not a listed addiction in the diagnostic and statistcs manual of mental illnesses. Having said that, it can share a lot of the same symptoms as recognized addictions. ...Read more

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What are the biochemical effects of drug addiction on brain?

What are the biochemical effects of drug addiction on brain?

Affects judgement: Addiction to stimulants "is often linked to excessive risk taking, sensation seeking, and impulsivity, but in ways that are poorly understood, " write dalley and colleagues. ...Read more

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Can excessive porn watching/dependency become an addiction and do changes in our brain?

Excessive anything: can become psychologically addictive, including porn. Does this keep you from getting the sleep you need, make you late for or miss work? These are telltale signs that something is amiss. This will change your body chemistry but it can be reversed. Please see a mental health professional for an evaluation. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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If my brain is desensitized due to addiction, should I not be avoiding all dopamine increasing activities including exercise?

If my brain is desensitized due to addiction, should I not be avoiding all dopamine increasing activities including exercise?

No!: Natural ways of increasing dopamine like foods containing tyrosine, listening to music, meditation and most significantly exercise are excellent ways to improve brain health. ...Read more

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Is playing xbox formany hours a day an addiction?

It could be: An addiction. The crucial factor in defining an addiction is self control. If you can choose when and how long you play xbox and can quit whenever you want, it's probably not an addiction. If you feel compelled to play or feel uneasy if you can't play or it takes up most of your time to the exclusion of other activities, it probably is an addiction. The key is to have control. ...Read more

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Is addiction a disease of the brain?

Is addiction a disease of the brain?

Yes: Addiction is complicated, and is related to behavior, social factors, heredity, and physiology-->the brain and body. It is unlike a brain tumor, however, in that it does not attack an unsuspecting person behaving in healthful ways. But, after one's behavior has led to addiction, the brain is certainly involved and adversely affected, which decreases one's will power to break the addiction. ...Read more

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How does addiction work in the brain?

How does addiction work in the brain?

Addiction: Certain substances will activate a center of the brain we have labeled the addiction center. This center of the brain is activated the behavior becomes reinforced to the point that it is difficult to suppress. Drugs will do this as well as will certain foods such as carbohydrates and high calorie meals. ...Read more

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How does addiction affect the teen brain?

How does addiction affect the teen brain?

Addiction: That depends on the substances abused, length of time using them, amounts used, tolerance, genetic susceptibility, general health. The list of substances is indeed endless. ...Read more

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What exactly is brain neurophysiology and how does it change in an addiction?

Biology of the brain: There are areas of the brain that become more active due to addictions. Neurophysiology can study the activity of these areas via eeg, mmg, fmri or other monitoring methods. ...Read more

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How do drugs cause an addiction? What is happening in the brain when this occurs?

Addiction: There is both psychological and physical addiction. Physical is when the body needs the drug to prevent withdrawal. Psychological is related to increase in dopamine in the emotion part of the brain.from anything pleasurable such as a good meal, a roller coaster, seeing a friend, hitting the jackpot, sex or using drugs. Your brain then craves or needs these things (ie chasing the high) ...Read more

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Can you tell me how is the brain and neurological systen affected by gambling addiction?

Can you tell me how is the brain and neurological systen affected by gambling addiction?

Nothing structural: But the function of the brain is altered by pathological gambling in ways that are similar to other kinds of addictions, with changes in the reward pathways in the limbic system that look very much like (on pet scans or functional mris) what you see in drug addiction. ...Read more

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What's going on in the brain when someone is dealing with drug/alcohol addiction for them to keep making excuses for doing it?

What's going on in the brain when someone is dealing with drug/alcohol addiction for them to keep making excuses for doing it?

Drug addiction: Most drugs and alcohol directly or indirectly target specific centers in the brain resulting in pleasure. Dopamine is one of the chemicals produced at these centers. Overstimulating these centers with drugs or alcohol results in large amounts of dopamine and strongly reinforces the need for drugs and alcohol and the more. This teaches the brain to need more and more stimulation a vicious cycle ...Read more

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My mom is addicted to playing cards, it causes several problems in my home. She has lost all the money saved, how can we stop her from this addiction?

My mom is addicted to playing cards, it causes several problems in my home. She has lost all the money saved, how can we stop her from this addiction?

Gambling addiction: You cannot make her stop, but you can get help through gamanon, the companion group to gamblers anonymous. In the same way that al-anon helps family members of an alcoholic, whether or not the alcoholic is in aa, gamanon can help you whether your mother goes to ga or not. ...Read more