Doctor insights on:
Does Smokers In Household Cause Croup
It's a virus.: Croup is caused by a virus. Most commonly, the parainfluenza virus. This virus infects the upper respiratory tract, more specifically, the larynx (voice box) and trachea (wind pipe). This is why children with croup end up with a hoarse voice and the telltale barking cough. Cases of croup peak in the fall and winter and are generally most common in children ages 3 months to 3 years. ...Read more
Secondhand Smoke Secondhand smoke is produced by a burning cigarette or other tobacco product. About 88 million nonsmokers are exposed to secondhand smoke each year -- 32 million of them are children and adolescents. Parental smoking has been shown to affect the lungs of infants as early as the first 2 - 10 weeks of life, and such abnormal lung function could persist throughout life. Being exposed to secondhand smoke increases the risk for heart attacks and lung cancer. Exposure to secondhand smoke in the home increases the risk for asthma and asthma-related emergency room visits in children who have existing asthma. Children whose parents smoke are also more likely to be overweight and to have behavioral problems. Parental smoking is believed to increase the risk for lower respiratory tract infections (such as bronchitis or pneumonia) by 50%. Environmental exposure to smoke is thought to be responsible for 150, 000 - 300, 000 ...Read more
Not exactly: Croup describes a clinical syndrome that involves infection (usually viral) of the upper airway and maybe the air tubes (bronchitis) so it can not "cause pneumonia" however some of the viruses that can cause croup like symptoms can also infect the lower resp tract and cause pneumonia or infection of the air spaces in the lungs. ...Read more
Viral illness: Croup is usually viral illness affecting upper airway that is self limited. Most cases of viral croup are mild and can be treated at home. Usually with barking type of cough. Should consult physician to evaluate child for degree of respiratory difficulty and confirm diagnosis. Sometimes necessary to add steroids to albuterol and humidifier therapy if difficulty breathing. ...Read more
Croup: Generally speaking, therapy for most cases croup is supportive meaning that the disease (usually a virus) must run its' course. Over-the-counter cough suppressants are not recommened for children. Treatment for cough that may help a child become more comfortable include breathing humidified air or steam from a steam-filled bathroom with supervision. For distressed breathing, seek medical care. ...Read more
My 3 year old has had croup 8 times in the last 6 months. He also has asthma. How does asthma cause croup?
Asthma is not croup: Asthma and croup are entirely separate albeit often concomitant disorders. Asthma effects the lower airways and can be triggered by a viral infection (such as parainfluenza, a cause of croup). Croup is an upper airway (near vocal cords) infection. Often upper airway infections can trigger asthma as well but not typically the reverse. ...Read more
I had a cold then cough has stuck with me in the past 2 months. Slight mucus recovering smoker. Is it the croup?
Not likely: Croup is mainly a disease of babies and small children, and has a very distinctive cough. Depending on when you stopped smoking, the lungs take many months to recover, and actually in smokers cough INCREASES with MORE sputum shortly after stopping and continues for several months sometimes as the body recovers and tries to clean the lungs out from all the accumulated crud in there. Congrats! ...Read more
Hi! I frequently got croup as child, could it have cause scarring in my lungs or trachea? Whenever I get sick my breathing feels constricted.
No: The process involves only the superficial linings of the lung major airways that are renewed/replaces constantly over your lifetime. Such an injury would not happen that way. ...Read more
My baby has recurrent croup. (9 bouts in 4 months) doc has also mentioned reactive airway. On albuterol. Could g.I. Problems cause this? What else?
Croup: Croup is a result of viral infection, and recurrence in this manner is unusual. Reactive airway disease may be due to allergies, chronic aspiration of acid from gerd, and other issues (foreign body, etc.). Croup is diagnosed on clinically. Further investigations—such as blood tests, x-rays, and cultures—are usually not needed. It sounds like your baby needs to be seen by a pediatric pulmonary doc. ...Read more
Besides asthma, what can cause a deformed chest/harrison's sulcus in a 4 yr old boy? History: severe croup, born with tortocolis, recent tonsillectomy
Harrison Sulcus: Harrison s sulcus can be formed by chroniclung disease, but also ricketsor other bone diseases lackingcalcium. ...Read more
Croup is an inflammation and swelling of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box). It is usually caused by a virus and lasts 5-6 days. Croup is common during the winter and spring and typically affects children age five or younger.
Children typically develop a croupy seal- like barky cough. If more severe, a child will develop stridor (a raspy breath) when breathing in. ...Read more
A Cold Varient: A classic sound described as a seal bark or dog bark. Usually worse at nite and 1st thing in the morning. It can be confirmed by your pediatrician. Learn to ignore the sound, but judge the severity by the discomfort of the child. Mild discomfort may respond to steaming the bathroom or a walk outside. More severe breathing trouble needs seen ASAP in the local ER. The root infection is a cold virus. ...Read more
Understand It: A classic sound described as a seal bark or dog bark. Usually worse at nite and 1st thing in the morning. It can be confirmed by your pediatrician. Learn to ignore the sound, but judge the severity by the discomfort of the child.Mild discomfort may respond to steaming the bathroom or a walk outside, more severe breathing trouble needs seen asap in the local er. The root infection is a cold virus. ...Read more
Adult croup: Croup is by definition hoarseness, stridor (the sound of air moving through an obstruction), and hoarseness. Generally croup is an illness of childhood. There is one fixed area in the airway called the subglottis. Kids get croup because this area is small and when is swells in reponse to inflammation/infection, the area becomes more narrow. If you have a persisent barky cough, see a physician. ...Read more
Fair number: In North America, incidence peaks in the second year of life, at 5-6 cases per 100 children.Croup is most common pediatric illness that causes acute stridor, accounting for approximately 15% of clinic and emergency department visits for pediatric respiratory tract infections. Primarily disease of infants and toddlers, with a peak incidence from age 6 months to 36 months (3 years) in US. ...Read more
Barking Cough: Croup is usually caused by parainfluenza virus. Vocal cords get inflamed. Cough described as a seal barking. Sometimes fevers accompany croup. Cool air or shower steam can help cords feel more comfy. For more severe cases, your doctor may provide antiinflammatory like Dexamethasone (steroid). ...Read more
Standard Symptoms: A classic sound described as a seal bark or dog bark. Usually worse at nite and 1st thing in the morning. It can be confirmed by your pediatrician. Learn to ignore the sound, but judge the severity by the discomfort of the child.Mild discomfort may respond to steaming the bathroom or a walk outside, more severe breathing trouble needs seen asap in the local er. The root infection is a cold virus. ...Read more
Croup treatment: Croup is a viral infection that can usually be managed at home, although it's reassuring to have a doctor examine your child. I instruct my parents to use a vaporizer, increasing the humidity as much as possible. If that's not enough, make a 'tent' with sheets around the bed and position the vaporizer in the tent. Carefully secure the sheets! Going outside, in the cold air may break a spell. ...Read more
Virus yes, Sx no: The croup is a description of a group of similar respiratory illnesses that come to a common symptom. The deep cough of the 6m to 8yo sounds like a seal bark. The process is triggered by a variety of viruses that commonly cause uri's or laryngitis in adults. The reason for the barking noise is the vibrations made by the kids rubbery airway during a cough. The adult airway is to stiff to vibrate. ...Read more
Yes: The resonant honk or croup sound can be a feature of several upper airway problems that are similar to traditional croup. It does happen occasionally in older kids. I remember one dramatic case that affected the 8yo child of one of my supervising residents during residency. I recall he had a deeper respect for the illness after the event. A proper exam is needed for proper dx. ...Read more
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