Doctor insights on:
Does Premature Baby Cause Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Prematurity: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (bpd) is a clinical diagnosis (i.e. Based on observations at the bedside) that is associated with lab evidence of inflammation as well as structural changes of the lung. The incompletely developed lungs of premature infants often necessitate support that itself causes injury/inflammation (e.g. Mechanical ventilation, oxygen, etc.) to which premies are very sensitive. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Very premature is a condition in which a baby is delivered between 28 and 31 weeks' gestation. Depending on how premature, how sick, and how lucky or unlucky a baby is, he can get brain problems, cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness, developmental problems, learning disabilities, severe lung diseases, infection and loss of some intestines, etc... Babies who are only moderately premature usually ...Read more
If an infant has pulmonary hypertension secondary to BPD (bronchopulmonary dysplasia), will the pulmonary hypertension go away as the lungs mature?
Degree of injury: Bpd is likely to occur in infants whose rds was prolonged and whose airway pressures for ventilation were high enough to produce the level of airway injury seen with bpd. The human system has a great capacity to repair itself over time & the bpd kid is the one whose lungs may show abnormalities for several years while the transient rds kid's lung is essentially normal by age 1. ...Read more
Can docs please explain are bronchopulmonary dysplasia and infant respiratory distress syndrome the same thing?
No: Respiratory distress syndrome refers to immaturity of the lungs and the resulting constellation of symptoms seen in premature infants. Bronchi pulmonary dysphasia or chronic lung disease is often the end result of severe RDS which required lots of respiratory support and refers to the prolonged need for oxygen or diuretic or bronchodilator therapy to treat these relatively maldeveloped lungs. ...Read more
Lung scarring: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a condition of airway & lung scarring that occurs in premi's & micro premi's during their prolonged need for ventilation or oxygen in those critical weeks. Xrays are seen to gradually change to show the characteristic patterns that correlate with pathology seen under the microscope when a kid doesn't survive. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Several: Long-term consequences of bpd and its associated treatments may include growth restriction, low oxygen levels, high carbon dioxide levels, high blood pressures in the lungs and body, abnormal neurodevelopment, impairment of vision and hearing, and left ventricular hypertrophy (a cardiac condition). It is therefore critical that infants with bpd have close coordinated follow-up. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Diet for BPD: While diet alone has not been shown to improve bpd symptoms, a healthy diet is important for growth and lung development, including on that includes leafy green vegetables high in anti-oxidants that can help reduce some of the oxidative damage involved in bpd. Low vitamin a and e levels have also been implicated in bpd, most pediatricians recommend a multivitamin such as poly- vi-sol. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Oxygen dependency: Bpd is a disease of the lungs of premature babies. Specific definitions vary, however is is generally defined as oxygen need at about one month of age. It typically results from long term mechanical ventilation in premies. The lungs continue to grow for he first few years of life and many outgrow the condition. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Low oxygen levels: Premature babies who suffer rds may later develop bpd. I assume this is what you reference. This scarring of the lungs causes decrease in oxygen in the blood due to poor oxygen transport in the lungs. These children often have to have nasal oxygen supplements and are at high risk for asthma symptoms and pneumonia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A premature baby is a baby born before term, meaning the baby is born before finishing 38 weeks of pregnancy. The earlier a baby is born, the more problems a baby will have in trying to adapt to the environment outside the mother's uterus. Problems include: small size, lung problems, heart problems, bleeding in the brain, hearing ...Read more
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