Doctor insights on:
Does Nicotine Addiction Cause Intrauterine Growth Restriction
Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more
Baby measured 2 days smaller on anatomy scan @ 20 weeks. How can avoid intrauterine growth restriction? Diet is not too varied but i eat healthily.
Consult with OB-GYN: Not knowing more about you it's very important that you talk about this finding with your ob-gyn for the sake of your baby and your emotional state of mind. You only want the best for this baby and your want to do everything to insure a healthy child is born. ...Read more
RECEPTOR ATTACHMENT: The drugs that can lead to addiction and abuse are the ones that have a very immediate effect on how you feel. So there is a link between the drug and euphoria or sedation or relaxation etc. The quicker this happens the more potential for addiction like smoking is very rapid absorption into the bloodstream through the lungs. The effects are short lasting however and so you have to smoke again. ...Read more
In Bronchial Epithel: Very interesting question, regarding nicotine related damage to bronchial epithelia cell BEC. Nic decreased the relative numbers of alpha 5-containing nAChRs, suggesting a role for receptor desensitization. This was demonstrated by biphasic increase in the concentrations of intracellular calcium ([Ca++]i) in response to activation of the channel by Nicotine and damage to delicate cell lining. ...Read more
Yes: Nicotine is absorbed through the skin and mucosal lining of the nose and mouth or in the lungs (through inhalation). The nicotine in your cigarillos is absorbed more slowly through the mucosal membranes of your mouth. Smoking accounts for 90% of lung cancer cases in the U.S., and about 38, 000 deaths per year can be attributed to secondhand smoke. ...Read more
For what length of time do I have to stop smoking until my nicotine addiction completely disappears?
Varies: From person to person. It is a long haul so stick with it. ...Read more
Multiple addictions: To begin with you mentioned two legitimate therapeutic drugs and then two social drugs that you're addicted to. Booze ; nicotine are both serious addictions but both have very different approaches. Too much to go into here. Adderall and xanax (alprazolam) are very different drugs. If they're being prescribed legitimately you need to talk to your doctor and be honest. Good luck again much too much cover. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Just a few weeks: Nicotine addiction occurs very quickly, in fact research shows that some of the processes leading to addiction start to occur during the first cigarette one smokes! within weeks some degree of addiction develops in most. Thus, it is best to not start! see http://www.Scientificamerican.Com/article.Cfm?Id=hooked-from-the-first-cigarette. ...Read more
Nicotine addiction: People have found many methods helpful, including acupuncture, hypnosis, support groups, and relaxation training. You may have to try various methods and combinations, but all seem to require a sincere desire to stop the addiction. Some people just decide to quit and do so. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Any thoughts on why people with schizophrenia have such high rates of smoking (nicotine addiction)?
Nicotine & Schiz: There are different ideas about this, but no "written in stone" answers. One is the possibility that nicotine may assist people whose internal "gating" mechanisms may be faulty -- where they have trouble differentiating inner from outer stimuli. Another is that nicotine may simply be more addicting in schizophrenic brains than others. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23919443. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
See a specialist: In addiction treatment. The alcohol and Alprazolam need specialized treatment in order for you to safely withdraw. Adderal can simply be stopped, and there are many ways to stop smoking. There are many chemical dependency treatment programs and your access depends on your resources, insurance etc. www.asam.org and www.Aaap.Org can give you names of addiction physicians in your area. ...Read more
Determination: As with any addiction, 1st you must realize there's a problem & become determined to change. After this, knowledge is useful. Smoking cessation classes (usually 1.5 hours every 2 wks for a total of 3 classes) have been shown to double the number of people who succeed. There are also medications that decrease cravings for nicotine, bupropion & varenicline. Doing all of these is your best bet. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Drugs, therapy: Basically there are a number of effective treatments. And the evidence is that the more of them you use the better the odds of success: medications (those that replace nicotine and those that normalize your brain's chemistry so that it functions without nicotine), therapy, especially cognitive behavioral therapy designed to teach you how to change, and group support. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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