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Doctor insights on: Does Gastrin Help Digest Carbohydrates

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Have you had any issues with metformin interferring with carbohydrate digestion?

Have you had any issues with metformin interferring with carbohydrate digestion?

Yes..: Metformin has 4 major mechanisms of action:1) it decreases glucose absorption from the GI tract 2) it inhibits production of glucose by the liver 3), it increases sensitivity of Insulin receptors and it 4)increases fatty acid oxidation. So that should not be an uncommon experience for patients. ...Read more

Carbs (Definition)

Carbs is an abbreviation for carbohydrates. The human body breaks down carbohydrates into basic sugars such ...Read more


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Which food with carbohydrates are easier to digest for people with fructose intolerance?

Which food with carbohydrates are easier to digest for people with fructose intolerance?

Avoid fruits: Fructose is the main sugar in fruits (which is how they came about the name).Milk products have lactose, and most starchy foods like potatoes have complex carbohydrates.If you just read labels and stay away from fructose and raw fruits, you should be fine. ...Read more

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What enzymes help digest carbohydrates, fats, and proteins?

What enzymes help digest carbohydrates, fats, and proteins?

See below: proteases- digest protein amylase- digest starch lipase digest fat there are varieties in this them, but those are the basics. ...Read more

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My body can't digest fats proteins and carbohydrates and need digestive enzymes, what to do?

My body can't digest fats proteins and carbohydrates and need digestive enzymes, what to do?

Digestion: It would be unusual for your body not to be able to digest all three of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. What makes you think that you are not able to digest them? Have you had any test that showed that? If you have, I would be happy to help you with your dietary issues. Just find me on HealthTap Concierge and have your test results handy to upload. Good luck. ...Read more

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Are there some fruits that have a high enough fiber content, so that the fruit sugar carbs don't get quickly digested (trying to avoid a sugar high)?

Are there some fruits that have a high enough fiber content, so that the fruit sugar carbs don't get quickly digested (trying to avoid a sugar high)?

Glycemic index: Berries, cherries, apples and pears are all "low glycemic index" forms of fruit. They are also nutrient dense and must still be balanced out with heart healthy protein foods such as nuts. Combining a starch with a higher protein food can slow the uptake of simple sugars and reduce the glycemic load. If you are a diabetic be very careful with portion size. Even low glycemic foods can inc glucose. ...Read more

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Does non sugary carbs (bread, potato, rice) turn into the same kind of substance that table sugar turns into, once digested into blood stream?

Does non sugary carbs (bread, potato, rice) turn into the same kind of substance that table sugar turns into, once digested into blood stream?

Most times: Potatoes and rice are starches and starches breakdown to his sugars That your body can utilize. Starches long chains sugars. They get absorbed into your body much slower than taking a simple sugar. ...Read more

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Heard sugar & simple carbs turn into same thing once digested. why then do i feel sick after eating much sugar, but not after eating much wheat/rice?

Heard sugar & simple carbs turn into same thing once digested. why then do i feel sick after eating much sugar, but not after eating much wheat/rice?

It could be: the rate at which these substances are metabolized. Once in your digestive tract sugar hydrolyzes into fructose and glucose. Glucose starts out as a carbohydrate but is quickly stored as a fat. Rice and wheat are made up of more complex chains of carbohydrates with fewer simple sugars. The effect of these foods on raising blood sugar may not be as rapid as with simple sugar. Hope this helps:) ...Read more

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What does gastrin do?

What does gastrin do?

Acid feedback loop: Gastrin is a hormone that responds to the amount of stomach acid produced--not enough acid causes gastrin levels to rise to stimulate acid production. Gastrin is suppressed when acid levels are adequate in normal patients. However, in those with hypersecretory states like zollinger-ellison syndrome, gastrin is continually produced in high concentration resulting in excess acid, diarrhea, ulcers. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: gastrin?

What is the definition or description of: gastrin?

Stomach hormone: Gastrin is a protein hormone released by special cells called g cells. This hormone stimulates the stomach to make acid. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of high gastrin, and what is the treatment?

What are the symptoms of high gastrin, and what is the treatment?

Ulcer: High gastrin can cause ulcers in the upper digestive tract. Alternatively it can be normal to have high gastrin levels without any problem if it is medication induced. ...Read more

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What are gastrin effects in your stomach?

What are gastrin effects in your stomach?

Increased acid: Gastrin is hormone made by the stomach duodenum and pancreas. It has the general effect of increasing acid production by the stomach. ...Read more

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Is there a particular mechanism that increases the gastrin levels that can lead to an ulcer?

Is there a particular mechanism that increases the gastrin levels that can lead to an ulcer?

Ulcers: Although there is a rare illness in which high gastrin levels can cause ulcers (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome), most ulcers are not caused by high gastrin levels. More commonly, H pylori infection of the stomach or overuse of medications such as aspirin or NSAID's are the most common causes. Good luck. ...Read more

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Good Morning, I have been seeing a hematologist. I am concerned about my tests, Gastrin 1026, Neutro Auto 84.5& Lymph auto 10.5% Bun/Creat ratio 30. ?

Good Morning,  I have been seeing a hematologist. I am concerned about my tests, Gastrin 1026, Neutro Auto 84.5& Lymph auto 10.5% Bun/Creat ratio 30. ?

Needs evaluation: Normal gastric level is less than 100. This is a very high level and could be caused by pernicious anemia, a specific islet cell tumor, or medication. Important to work with doctor to find cause. High gastric is a sign of disease, but not dangerous. BUN/Cr ratio is a combination of kidney function tests. Not sure why you ratio is high. Perhaps you were dehydrated. Need more facts. ...Read more

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What does patchy gastrin indicates in endoscopy?

What does patchy gastrin indicates in endoscopy?

Check out these: Links.It means scattered areas of irritation / inflammation in your stomach wall. God bless u! http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/gastritis/ds00488. http://www.livestrong.com/article/367795-herbal-medicines-for-severe-gastritis/#page=1. ...Read more

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Particular mechanism that increases the gastrin level?

Particular mechanism that increases the gastrin level?

Acid feedback loop: Gastrin is a hormone that responds to the amount of stomach acid produced--not enough acid causes gastrin levels to rise to stimulate acid production. Gastrin is suppressed when acid levels are adequate in normal patients. However, in those with hypersecretory states like zollinger-ellison syndrome, gastrin is continually produced in high concentration resulting in excess acid, diarrhea, ulcers. ...Read more

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Does hormones gastrins show up during an endoscopy?

Does hormones gastrins show up during an endoscopy?

No: Endoscopy allows you to see the stomach, you can do a biopsy, you may suspect elevated gastrin levels, but test does not allow confirmation. ...Read more

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Was on high doses of ppi's now high gastrin levels, achlorhdria and gastroparesis - could they be linked?

Was on high doses of ppi's now high gastrin levels, achlorhdria and gastroparesis  - could they be linked?

Yes, mostly: The purpose of a PPI is to stop the production of hydrochloric acid.. Achlorhydia is the abscence of that acid. So the answer is yes. Gastrin stimulates acid production, so when the PPI blocks it's production, the body reacts by producing more gastrin trying to overcome the effect of the PPI. Both these can resolve after PPI is stopped or dose decreased. Gastroparesis is not related to PPI. ...Read more

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If the hormone Pro GRP is elevated, would Gastrin also be elevated. I am trying to get measure of my Pro GRP levels but can only find Gastrin tests?

If the hormone Pro GRP is elevated, would Gastrin also be elevated.  I am trying to get measure of my Pro GRP levels but can only find Gastrin tests?

Elevated Gastrin: Yes both would be elevated. however in the daily practice only plasma gastrin in plasma is measures. Pro-GRP is a test for research purposes, this is the same as gastrin receptors. The implication of elevated gastrin is very important as is usually is associated to tumors secreting gastrin. The gastrin blood test measures the amount of the hormone gastrin in blood. Gastrin is the main hormone that controls the release of acid in your stomach. When there is food in the stomach, gastrin is released into the blood. As the acid level rises in your stomach and intestines, your body normally makes less gastrin. Your doctor may order this test if you have signs or symptoms of a problem linked to an abnormal amount of gastrin. This includes peptic ulcer disease. Normal values are generally less than 100 pg/mL.Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test result. Too much gastrin causes severe peptic ulcer disease. A higher than normal level may also be due to: • Chronic kidney disease • Long-term gastritis • Over-activity of the gastrin-producing cells in the stomach (G-cell hyperplasia) • Helicobacter pylori infection of the stomach • Use of antacids or medicines to treat heartburn • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, a gastrin-producing tumor that may develop in the stomach or pancreas Gastrinomas represent the most common functioning tumors in MEN 1 patients. Nearly one-third of patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome are MEN 1 kindred members and more than 50% of MEN 1 patients have hypergastrinemia. Dr Thompson explains: “Although medical therapy with proton pump inhibitors is effective for managing the hormonal sequelae of gastrin excess, it does nothing to prevent malignant transformation or progression, or both. More than 90% of gastrinomas in MEN 1 patients are duodenal in origin. The surgical approach involves a distal pancreatectomy, lymphadenectomy, enucleation of residual tumors in the head of the pancreas, and an exploratory duodenotomy to excise all visible and palpable duodenal carcinoid tumors.” A measurement The gastrin test is primarily ordered to help detect excess production of gastrin and gastric acid. It is ordered to help diagnose gastrin-producing tumors called gastrinomas, Zollinger-Ellison (ZE) syndrome, and hyperplasia of G-cells, specialized cells in the stomach that produce gastrin. It may be ordered if a person has abdominal pain, diarrhea, and recurrent peptic ulcers. A gastrin test may also be ordered to monitor for recurrence following the surgical removal of a gastrinoma. A gastrin stimulation test may be used to provide additional information if the initial gastrin test result is moderately but not significantly elevated and the doctor suspects that a person's symptoms are due to a gastrinoma. This procedure involves collecting a baseline gastrin sample, giving the patient a chemical (typically the hormone secretin) to stimulate gastrin production, and then collecting additional blood samples at timed intervals for gastrin testing. of gastric acid pH level may sometimes be ordered along with or following a gastrin test to help diagnose ZE syndrome. What does the test result mean? Low or normal concentrations of gastrin are not typically of concern. Moderately increased levels may be seen with a variety of conditions such as ZE syndrome, G-cell hyperplasia, atrophic gastritis, pernicious anemia, a pyloric obstruction (blockage at the junction of the stomach and duodenum), and chronic kidney failure. Greatly increased levels of gastrin in symptomatic individuals and concentrations of gastrin that increase significantly during a gastrin stimulation test indicate the likelihood that a person has ZE syndrome and one or more gastrinomas. Imaging tests may be ordered as a follow up to high gastrin concentrations to locate the gastrinoma(s). The quantity of gastrin produced is not related to either the tumor size or to the number of tumors. Even tiny tumors can produce large amounts of gastrin. Gastrin levels that were initially low after the surgical removal of a gastrinoma and then increase may signal a recurrence of the tumor. Concentrations that do not decrease after treatment may indicate that the treatment has not been fully effective. Is there anything else I should know? Gastrinomas can affect anyone, but people who have an inherited condition called MEN-1 (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, type 1) are at an increased risk. These people have genetic alterations that increase their lifetime risk of developing tumors in their pancreas or in another of their endocrine glands. It is important to note that most stomach ulcers are not due to gastrinomas. They are commonly associated with Helicobacter pylori infections and sometimes with the use of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen. Gastrin levels commonly increase with age and with prolonged use of medications such as antacids and proton pump inhibitors that neutralize or inhibit the production of stomach acid. They will also typically be elevated in people who are not fasting. Increases in gastrin concentration with age may reflect a general decrease in the ability to produce stomach acid. Gastrin blood levels follow a circadian rhythm. This means that they will be at their lowest between about 3 to 7 AM. Concentrations will be higher during the day and will fluctuate in response to meals. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
33 doctors shared insights

Gastrin (Definition)

Gastrin is a protein hormone released by special cells called g cells. This hormone stimulates the ...Read more