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Doctor insights on: Does Congenital Abnormalities Cause Intrauterine Growth Restriction

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Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

They can/some don't: Congenital heart defects include a number of conditions that vary greatly in their impact on final growth. The more severe the defect, the more likely it will require multiple surgeries and impair the bodies strength & growth. The cyanotic or blue baby group of defects are more likely to do this.Some defects, like the common small VSD self correct & seldom if ever alter the patients life. ...Read more

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Dr. Richard Roberts
63 doctors shared insights

Congenital Malformation (Definition)

Congenital malformation is aphysical defect present in a baby at birth that can involve many different parts of the body, including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract. Congenital malformation can be genetic, it can result from exposure of the fetus to a malforming agent (such as alcohol), or it can ...Read more


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What causes fetal growth restriction?

What causes fetal growth restriction?

MF/placental factors: Maternal-fetal and placental etiologies can all cause fetal growth restriction. Severa fetal syndromes can lead to fgr (e.g. Down, patau, triploidy, edwards, noonan's, digeorge). Multifetal pregnancies are at increased risk for fgr; this can result in fetal demise, fetal brain injury, cerebral palsy or even normal outcomes in non-syndromic cases. Placental infarcts, hypertension, lupus: culprits. ...Read more

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Does diabetes cause fetal deformities?

Does diabetes cause fetal deformities?

Yes: Uncontrolled diabetes in the first trimester can cause birth defects in the baby, typically heart or skeletal defects. Gestational diabetes acquired later in pregnancy is typically not associated with fetal deformities, but can also cause problems such as a big baby or problems with the amniotic fluid. ...Read more

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Can abnormal sperm shape cause infertility or birth defects?

Can abnormal sperm shape cause infertility or birth defects?

Infertility: Abnormal sperm shape according to some studies can decrease fertility. Men that have abnormal sperm can at time have an underlying condition that can be transmitted to the offspring and increase the risk of malformation. ...Read more

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Does abnormal sperm shape cause birth defects?

Does abnormal sperm shape cause birth defects?

Unlikely: Since millions of sperm are involved in the race for the egg, it is the abnormal sperm that don't swim as well and are not likely to succeed in fertilizing an egg. ...Read more

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What causes genetic abnormalities in fetus?

What causes genetic abnormalities in fetus?

A few things: Often genetic abnormalities arise spontaneously. Some are due to genetic problems that are passed down in family lines. Some are due to the way the chromosomes from sperm and egg meet and form in an embryo. Lastly, some can be due to exposure radiation which can damage genes. If you're worried that your fetus might have abnormality, you can discuss with geneticist to understand risks. ...Read more

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Is it possible for mild cerebral palsy to cause delay growth, prolonged growth or even stunted growth?

Is it possible for mild cerebral palsy to cause delay growth, prolonged growth or even stunted growth?

Cerebral palsy is a : group of disorders of impaired motor functions described by the way they limit mobility, posture, arm/ hand use & oral motor skills. In kids with CP, growth is slower than that of neurotypical peers, the difference is greater with age. Puberty may be delayed & last longer. Poor oral motor function, endocrine problems & gastroesophageal reflux all can impact nutrition, growth & body composition. ...Read more

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Please tell me, could having mild cerebral palsy prolong growth development, cause slow growth, or stunt growth?

Please tell me, could having mild cerebral palsy prolong growth development, cause slow growth, or stunt growth?

Cerebral palsy is a : group of disorders of impaired motor functions described by the way they limit mobility, posture, arm/hand use & oral motor skills. In kids with CP, growth is slower than that of neurotypical peers, the difference is greater with age. Puberty may be delayed & last longer. Poor oral motor function, endocrine problems & gastroesophageal reflux all can impact nutrition, growth & body composition. ...Read more

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Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Do amniotic sac disorders cause birth defects?

Amniotic Fluid: Best discussed with your ob. Too much or too little amniotic fluid is associated with abnormalities in development and pregnancy complications. Differences in the amount of fluid may be the cause or the result of the problem. ...Read more

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Does gdm cause cause birth defect?

Does gdm cause cause birth defect?

Yes: Cardiomegaly due to septal hypertrophy and small left colon syndrome are the examples. ...Read more

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What chromosomal abnormalities only effect males?

What chromosomal abnormalities only effect males?

Males: Well, klinefelter's syndrome caused by an extra x chromosome only affects males. Extra y chromosomes only affect males. ...Read more

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Does DNA or genes cause chromosomal abnormalities?

Does DNA or genes cause chromosomal abnormalities?

Chromosomal: Chromosomes are the packaging for the genes. Genes are made up of dna. Chromosomal abnormalities are extra chromosomes, deletions, duplications, or translocations of large chunks of dna. ...Read more

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Can abnormal TSH or estrogen levels make an adult female grow taller (in 30s)? Would abnormal excessive growth hormones be the cause of that to occur

Can abnormal TSH or estrogen levels make an adult female grow taller (in 30s)? Would abnormal excessive growth hormones be the  cause of that to occur

No: Linear growth is controlled by growth centers in the long bones and vertebrae, Once they close after puberty, one does not grow taller. Estrogen actually signals the growth centers to close. Growth hormones in excess can increase bone thickening and organ density/size, but will nor make a mature adult grow taller. Sylvester Stallone would be a seven footer if it did. ...Read more

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Can congenital heart defects or certain drugs result in increased cardiac output? What else causes it? Mine is 7.2lmin squared.

Can congenital heart defects or certain drugs result in increased cardiac output? What else causes it? Mine is 7.2lmin squared.

CO = HR x SV: Cardiac output (co) is the volume of blood pumped per minute, and related to heart rate (hr) and stroke volume (sv) (volume per heart beat). It can be affected by many bodily activities. An increase in either hr or sv can result in inceased co. So any drug that increases hr (caffeine, etc) can result in incresed co. Certain congenital heart defects (such as septal defects) can alter co. ...Read more

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Birth asphyxia, developmental delays, no chromosomal abnormalities. So what is it?

Birth asphyxia: Birth asphyxia can cause all of the issues you mention. It is important to enroll in an early childhood program where the PT,OT and developmental therapy staff can assist the baby in making as much progress as possible. ...Read more

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Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
841 doctors shared insights

Congenital Abnormalities (Definition)

Abnormalites that are present at birth. Also known as birth defects. For example- cleft palate is a congenital abnormalities. Another example congenital heart disease is the presence of a ...Read more


Dr. Nikolaos Zacharias
480 doctors shared insights

Birth Defects (Definition)

A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or ...Read more