Doctor insights on:
Do Painkillers Affect Bone Density
Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more
Goes down: One of the biggest determinants of bone mineral density is lean body mass. Exercise is important for building lean body mass. Exercise is also important for putting load on your bones. This load is important for bone mass as bone strengthens as stresses are put upon it. Weight-bearing physical activity such as walking or running is better for building/ maintaining bone than non-weight-bearing activities such as swimming. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Relates to max dense: T score compares patient to age/sex/race matched individuals at age 32 (or so)-peak bone density. Relates to statistcs, bell shaped curve. Nl is (-)1 standard deviation and better (top 80+%). Low bone mass (osteopenia) (-)1.0-(-) 2.5 std dev (about #5-20 in a classof 100); osteoporosis (-)2.5 or more (bottom of the class). These vary with age, sex, race. Z score compares pt to same age, sex, race. ...Read more
Complicated Question: Depends on age & gender of the person. To improve/maintain bone mineral density, adults need daily, total calcium of ~1, 200 mg, ~2, 000 iu vitamin d, protein, 1 g/kg body wt., & adequate weight-bearing exercises. Fast-walking is the best form of exercise. In the absence of current bone loss or expecting bone loss (disease, medication, surgery), pharmacological therapies are not essential for most. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not all need a cure.: Calcium and vit d help maintain good bones but studies have not shown they reverse osteopenia in most people. Age 50-60 is when most bone density is lost. After age 50 the loss slows down and many women do not need treatment in this age group. There are a number of medicines for women with significant bone loss, osteoporosis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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