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Doctor insights on: Distal Esophageal Cancer

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Chances of 23 year old to have esophageal cancer? Worried about nodule in distal esophagus, 8mm, ultrasound tomrrow. Throat feels tight and mucusy CA?

Chances of 23 year old to have esophageal cancer? Worried about nodule in distal esophagus, 8mm, ultrasound tomrrow. Throat feels tight and mucusy CA?

Pretty low: Less than 15% of cases are found in people younger than age 55. Ref: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/esophaguscancer/detailedguide/esophagus-cancer-risk-factors ...Read more

Dr. David Cooke
204 doctors shared insights

Esophageal Cancer (Definition)

Esophageal cancer is cancer of the esophagus, which is a muscular tube-like structure that connects the throat to the stomach. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, pain with swallowing, vomiting, and coughing. Long standing heartburn may lead to changes in the tissue of the esophagus that is associated with higher risk of cancer. Tobacco and alcohol ...Read more


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What factors increases the risk of esophageal cancer?

What factors increases the risk of esophageal cancer?

Chronic Heartburn: Severe gastro-esophageal reflux can lead to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. If you have severe heartburn, see your doctor so you can be screened for pre-cancerous changes of your esophagus. ...Read more

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What can I do if I was diagnosed with esophageal cancer?

What can I do if I was diagnosed with esophageal cancer?

Determine stage: Stage i through iii is potentially curable via surgery +/- chemoradiotherapy. Sees board certified thoracic surgeon or medical oncologist. ...Read more

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What are risk factors for esophageal cancer?

What are risk factors for esophageal cancer?

Two types: For adenocarcinoma, the main risk factor is acid reflux or gerd. For squamous cell carcinoma, the main risk factors are smoking and alcoholol. ...Read more

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What are the different types of esophageal cancer? 

What are the different types of esophageal cancer? 

Two main types: The two main types are adenocarcinoma (the most common, derived from barrett's metaplasia) and squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), and squamous cell carcinoma is generally caused by smoking and alcohol. ...Read more

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What causes esophageal cancer? 

What causes esophageal cancer? 

Two types: Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux or gerd. This leads to barrett's metaplasia, then low grade dysplasia, then high grade dysplasia and then cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused generally by smoking and alcohol consumption which is synergistic. ...Read more

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How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

Endoscopy: Endoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing esophageal cancer. This is a fiberoptic camera placed through the mouth directly into the esophagus. Suspicious lesions can be biopsied directly. ...Read more

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How can you develop esophageal cancer?

How can you develop esophageal cancer?

Depends on the type: Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus for the most part is casued by smoking, consuming alcohol, nitrosamines, such as pickled foods and smoked meats. Adenocarcinoma is casued by acid reflux, which can lead to injury of the lining of the esophagus, causing barrett's metaplasia. Barrett's can lead to low grade, then high grade dysplasia, and finally esophageal adenocarcinoma. ...Read more

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How fast-growing is esophageal cancer?

How fast-growing is esophageal cancer?

Slow or Fast: It can be slow or fast, but generally its a slow process. Esophageal cancer tends to be circumferential, like a donut. As it grows, the hole or lumen becomes smaller, and can make it diffiult for food, then liquids to pass through. The diamter of your esophagus can get as narrow as 6mm (18french) before one gets symptoms. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,121 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

An uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion and metastases is what cancer is defined as. It produced abnormal growth of cells which acquire destructive properties causing serious threat to host's life, unless it can be removed or destroyed by ...Read more


Esophagus (Definition)

This is the muscular structure built like a tube that connects your throat to the stomach though which food ...Read more