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Doctor insights on: Dissection Syndrome Other Causes

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Is aortic dissection always a result of this syndrome, or are there other causes?

Is aortic dissection always a result of this syndrome, or are there other causes?

No: Certain syndromes such as eds, marfan, and turner predispose to aortic dissection but many other causes exist. A bicuspid aortic valve and recent valve surgery increase the risk of aortic dissection. Aortic dissection also tends to run in families (even if those family members don't have marfan or ehlers-danlos, or one of the other associated syndromes. ...Read more

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Can weightlifting cause aortic dissection?

Can weightlifting cause aortic dissection?

Possibly: Any reason that cause sudden and severe increase in blood pressure should be avoided . Most of dissections have no etiology but in unusual diseases like marian syndrome u could be at risk. ...Read more

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What causes an aortic dissection and what can I do to prevent one from happening to myself or another person?

What causes an aortic dissection and what can I do to prevent one from happening to myself or another person?

HTN and CVD: Most aortic dissections occur in people with poorly controlled blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Rarely they occur to people with connective tissue disorders or congenital cardiac abnormalities. Prevention is best. Do not smoke, keep blood pressure well controlled, regular exercise, and a healthy diet will serve you well, and get checked often if there is presence of the disease in family ...Read more

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Granmother died of MI in 1980's in her late 50's early 60's. If she had an aortic dissection would MI still be stated as cause or would it be specific?

Granmother died of MI in 1980's in her late 50's early 60's. If she had an aortic dissection would MI still be stated as cause or would it be specific?

Cause of death: In many cases, a death certification or other determination of cause of death is a best guess. For example, if a patient had chest pain followed by sudden death at home, and there was not diagnostic testing or autopsy, myocardial infarction might be the likely & assumed COD. But pulmonary embolism or aortic dissection or a malignant arrhythmia might present with a similar history. ...Read more

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How bad of a hypertensive emergency, if untreated, would cause aortic dissection?

Chronic and acute: It is usually an acute event in a chronically hypertensive patient or a patient with a chronic disease of the aorta like marfans disease. There is no absolute number but the higher the blood pressure multiplied by the time the blood pressure is elevated isthe most important parameter. ...Read more

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How often does hypertensive emergency cause aortic dissection, rupture?

How often does hypertensive emergency cause aortic dissection, rupture?

Not necessarily: Causative...However if the aorta is dilated a hypertensive emergency in that case would contribute to dissection. ...Read more

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When does hypertensive emergency, if untreated, cause aortic dissection, and ultimately, rupture?

No timeline: It depends on strength of aortic wall, level and history of hypertension, and many other factors. More commonly, hypertensive emergencies lead to stroke before aortic dissections but it certainly can cause either. I hope this helps! ...Read more

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Can neck dissection, rad, and chemo cause after effects like swelling, numbness, and trouble swallowing.

Can neck dissection, rad, and chemo cause after effects like swelling, numbness, and trouble swallowing.

Yes: Yes, all of those treatments can have long standing side effects. With time, these side effects should improve but may never fully go away. ...Read more

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Would cervical artery dissection cause 6 days slow gradual onset on off vertigo? 2 year HX of migraine. Vertigo getting worse each day.

Would cervical artery dissection cause 6 days slow gradual onset on off vertigo? 2 year HX of migraine. Vertigo getting worse each day.

Sure: Yes, Cervical artery dissection would cause vertigo, but so would migraines? I would say this, the vertigo tends to be a nagging problem but if you are concerned about serious causes of vertigo then seek work up. ...Read more

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How likely is it for a bad cough (from choking) to cause a vein dissection of the neck? The cough left my arm with a dull pain as well. Bit worried.

How likely is it for a bad cough (from choking) to cause a vein dissection of the neck? The cough left my arm with a dull pain as well. Bit worried.

Unlikely: The veins usually don't undergo dissection but the arteries do. However it would be highly unlikely,if not impossible , for dissection to occur with hard coughing. But a few flecks of blood from broker capillaries in tge bronchial tree may be associated with heavy coughing. ...Read more

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Does repeat dengue fever (hemorrhagic) cause vascular damage leading to initiating aortic dissection ?

Does repeat dengue fever (hemorrhagic) cause vascular damage leading to initiating aortic dissection ?

No: There is no association between dengue fever and vascular damage. While uncomfortable, df is generally not fatal and recovery is complete. There is no association with aortic aneurysm or dissection. ...Read more

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What would you expect a patients blood pressure to be if they had severe lightheadedness caused by artery dissection/problem in neck?

What would you expect a patients blood pressure to be if they had severe lightheadedness caused by artery dissection/problem in neck?

Pretty variable: Blood pressure could be normal, high, or low.... usually a dissection doesn't cause low blood pressure, though. If there it's a stroke from the dissection then pressure is often high for a while. Make sure the lightheadedness isn't from a stroke caused by dissection. ...Read more

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Can vertebral artery dissection cause slight bleed out or form hemotoma on exterior rather then within artery wall - if so, what could that cause?

Can vertebral artery dissection cause slight bleed out or form hemotoma on exterior rather then within artery wall - if so, what could that cause?

Yes,not as above : Vertebral artery dissections can cause bleeding usually from the dissection/rupture of a saccular aneurysm. These aneurysms are more common intracranially than in the extracranial location. The aneurysms are typically located at branch points of the major vessel. Treatment of the aneurysm is typically endovascular, with the placement of coils to occlude the aneurysm. ...Read more