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Doctor insights on: Diseases Caused By Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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Explan why one human immunodeficiency virus test cannot definitely diagnose hiv?

Explan why one human immunodeficiency virus test cannot definitely diagnose hiv?

Good question: The HIV test to which you refer is an elisa assay which is quite sensitive but not as specific as the confirmatory western blot. These measure the presence of antibodies to the HIV and these may take from 2 wks to several months to develop. If you run the test before the antibodies have appeared, it will be negative, only to change to positive once antibody formation has occurred. ...Read more

Dr. Al Hegab
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

HIV is also known as HIV/AIDS. Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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If HIV virus won't live more than 1min the how come vaginal fluid having HIV on cloth exposed outside wiped at tip of penis can cause HIV infection?

If HIV virus won't live more than 1min the how come vaginal fluid having HIV on cloth exposed outside wiped at tip of penis can cause HIV infection?

Wrong assumption!: HIV virus can survive for weeks, outside the body, depending on the composition of the fluid containing the virus and ambient temperature. The infectivity depends on contact with skin that may have abrasions, open sore or other wounds. See this site for more info. http://www.aidsmap.com/Survival-outside-the-body/page/1321278/ ...Read more

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What causes the human immunodeficiency virus?

HIV: The obvious answer is that HIV causes it. But perhaps you meant "how do you get it?" you get HIV by having unsafe sex or by sharing needles/syringes by someone else who has it. ...Read more

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What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

What symptoms are caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

Many and few.: At the outset the patient infected may not even be aware of the presence of the virus, and this can persist until the immune system is badly damaged, and secondary infections or cancers occur (8-12 yrs). Sometimes, acute HIV syndrome will present as a mononucleosis-type illness with multiple symptoms. Best thing to do is get checked and tested if you feel you have been exposed. ...Read more

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What all is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

What all is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus?

HIV infection/AIDS: The HIV virus causes HIV infection and aids. There are many clinical manifestations of HIV infection and aids, which are too numerous to list here. ...Read more

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Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Yes: In addition to causing aids, we now know that HIV also increases chronic inflammation and immune activation, which can increase the risk of complications like coronary heart disease, malignancies, decreased bone density, and cognitive dyfunction. There is a lot of interest now in HIV as a cause of earlier complications of the aging process. ...Read more

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How does the human immunodeficiency virus cause AIDS?

How does the human immunodeficiency virus cause AIDS?

Attacks T cells: T lymphocytes, part of the white blood cells, are the main cells in the specialized immune system, Especially the T helper cells, so when attacked the HIV virus, the whole immune system becomes deranged, hence the development of AIDS, ...Read more

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Could i obtain the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) from eating after someone that has it?

Could i obtain the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) from eating after someone that has it?

No: You can get HIV from blood or bodily fluid transfusions or organ transplant or sexually intercourse. Casual contact such as food sharing or light touch or kiss has not lead to HIV transmission ...Read more

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Can you tell me if i could possibly have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) ?

HIV: Hiv can be transmitted via anal ; oral sex, blood transfusion, use of contaminated needles, breastfeeding ; during pregnancy ; delivery. Do you engage in behaviors that put you at risk? ...Read more

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Explan why one human immunodeficiency virus test cannot definitely diagnose hiv?

Good question: The HIV test to which you refer is an elisa assay which is quite sensitive but not as specific as the confirmatory western blot. These measure the presence of antibodies to the HIV and these may take from 2 wks to several months to develop. If you run the test before the antibodies have appeared, it will be negative, only to change to positive once antibody formation has occurred. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,372 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus is also known as HIV/AIDS. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Dr. Dawn Sokol
132 doctors shared insights

Weak Immune System (Definition)

Weak immune system refers to a state where the body's ability to fight off infection is diminished. A person's immune system can be weakened by chronic disease, malnutrition, or congenital defects of ...Read more