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Doctor insights on: Diseases And Disorders Of The Brain

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What are some causes of disorders that affect the nervous system?

Far too numerous: The nervous system can be afflicted by multiple primary and secondary disorders. If you have a fairly specific category related question, we would be happy to answer, but your general question can be answered within a standard textbook of medicine. ...Read more

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Do all prion diseases predominately affect the brain or also the spinal cord and nerves?

Do all prion diseases predominately affect the brain or also the spinal cord and nerves?

Prion: Prions are proteins that have changed conformation, so that the normal function of the protein inside the cells won't work. The prions' also causes other normal proteins to misfold and make more prions, spreading the process. The prions affect many cells in the body, but they particularly harm nerve cells in the brain, causing progressive rapid degeneration. They are not alive, and have no dna. ...Read more

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What specific Autoimmune diseases attack brain cells and neurons causing a dramatic effect to neurotransmitters,hormones and the function of the brain

What specific Autoimmune diseases attack brain cells and neurons causing a dramatic effect to neurotransmitters,hormones and the function of the brain

Lupus: Systemic Lupus can attack everywhere and lead to the things u asked about. Other considerations are vasculitis syndromes as there is an autoimmune attack on and in blood vessels which can affect neurons indirectly. Myasthenia Gravis also affect the neuromuscular system and affects one of the main neurotransmitter, AcetylCholine. Rheumotologist is specialist to see for autoimmune disorders ...Read more

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What causes inflammation of the brain and seizures?

What causes inflammation of the brain and seizures?

Seizures: Infections such as encephalitis or meningitis, vasculitis or cerebritis from autoimmune conditions like lupus, certain toxidromes, metabolic problems, and even trauma can produce inflammation/swelling of the brain and seizures. ...Read more

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What cause the impairment of neurons in Parkinson's disease?

What cause the impairment of neurons in Parkinson's disease?

Unknown: In the etiology of this disease toxic substances (like heavy metals, specific chemicals) infectious e.g. Viral) genetic and environmental factors have been implicated but no definite theory exists. ...Read more

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How are causes and onsets of symptoms of huntington's disease different from those of pku and tay sacks disease?

How are causes and onsets of symptoms of huntington's disease different from those of pku and tay sacks disease?

Too broad a question: There are all inherited disorders with the common issue of neurologic impairment, hd in adults, pku and ts in children. The neurologic damage in pku can be prevented with diet, but there is no treatment for hd and ts. Tests are available to detect carrier status in all of these. ...Read more

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What are diseases that affect the ventricles of the brain?

What are diseases that affect the ventricles of the brain?

Hydrocephalus: Classic is hydrocephalus, which can be obstructive or communicating, and both can cause ventricular enlargement. Pseudo tumor cerebri affects brain diffusely, and has a reverse effect of decreasing ventricular size. ...Read more

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What are some examples of homeostasis in the endocrine system?

What are some examples of homeostasis in the endocrine system?

If you: Don't have diabetes your body will keep your blood sugar in the normal range in spite of eating, fasting, exercise, etc. If they function normally, all of your other thousands of hormones will be kept at normal and appropriate levels. ...Read more

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What parts of the brain are most likely affected by alzheimer's disease?

What parts of the brain are most likely affected by alzheimer's disease?

Medial temporal lobe: Alzheimer's starts in the hippocampus and the medial temporal lobe. In end-stage alzheimer’s there is widespread atrophy. Early onset alzheimer’s (<65 years old) has a different presentation. There is usually some mild hippocampal atrophy, but the most striking finding is parietal atrophy, with atrophy of the posterior cingulum and the precuneus. The hippocampus can be normal. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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Describe the features of a brain disease.?

Describe the features of a brain disease.?

What kind?: I need more info to answer your question. How do you know it is a brain disease? In general, the brain is an organ just like your heart, lungs and liver. Things can go wrong in a number of ways: biochemically, electrically or structurally. ...Read more

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What are examples of diseases associated with the cardiovascular system?

What are examples of diseases associated with the cardiovascular system?

Many: blockages leading to angina, stroke and problems with walking. Aneurysms which can lead to bleeding and death. Blood clots leading to leg swelling and trouble breathing. There are other problems that can develop as well. ...Read more

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What areas of the brain will Parkinson's disease affect?

What areas of the brain will Parkinson's disease affect?

The substantia nigra: Parkinson's disease destroys the dopaminergic neurons that live in a part of the midbrain called the substantia nigra (dark substance). The loss of Dopamine causes the basal ganglia to malfunction and this causes the slowness, tremor and dementia. ...Read more

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What are some possible causes of disease of the nervous system?

There are many: There are too many to list. You have to be more specific about the disease or the symptoms. ...Read more

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What are some degenerative diseases of the nervous system?

What are some degenerative diseases of the nervous system?

Too many to list: However, a few include Alzheimer's, frontotemporal dementia, Parkinson's, Huntington's, spinocerebellar degenerations, motor neuron diseases, etc. Please note that the term degenerative is now considered archaic, as we have learned that many of our disorders have understood causes, and a no longer as mysterious as in years' past. ...Read more

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What parts of the brain are most commonly affected by huntington's disease?

What parts of the brain are most commonly affected by huntington's disease?

The basal ganglia: Hundington's disease is a disease which destroys the part of the brain called the basal ganglia which is important for controlling movement. ...Read more

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