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Doctor insights on: Disability Programs Mental Retardation Programs

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Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Interested to know if people with mental retardation know that they are retarded?

Some do some don't: Most older kids and adults will be aware of their learning and performance difficulties when they have milder forms of intellectual impairment. The more profound the impairment, the less likely they are aware of the ramifications. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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My disability programs want me seeing a psychologist for therapy, is that odd?

My disability programs want me seeing a psychologist for therapy, is that odd?

Getting actual help: Perhaps your disability programs want you to have psychological help so you can recover -- rather than simply paying your bills while you're ill. For instance, many people on disability with an injury also experience depression or anxiety. These issues can complicate and impede healing -- and medications alone will not solve the problem. Therapy can also include helpful coping strategies. ...Read more

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What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

What is the difference between being mentally retarded and mentally handicapped?

One is slang: handicapped covers a whole spectrum of developmental disabilities where retarded is vulgar and no professional uses that term anymore ...Read more

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Do MRI scans show signs that someone may have an intellectual disability (otherwise known as mental retardation)?

Do MRI scans show signs that someone may have an intellectual disability (otherwise known as mental retardation)?

No: MRI scans show views of the anantomy of the brain. It cannot tell intellectusl ability, but it can detect abnormalities of brain structure that can help identify specific patterns related to mental retardation, and areas of abnormal development or damage. ...Read more

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Is it possible for people who are mentally retarded to eventually recover from their intellectual disability?

Is it possible for people who are mentally retarded to eventually recover from their intellectual disability?

I've never seen it: The mr diagnosis requires both a documentation of significantly subnormal intellectual performance and a deficiency in self help & self reliance for age. The vast majority function unseen within our community & with assistance lead productive lives in simple jobs. The lable also implies a permanent and stable condition, not a temporary one. ...Read more

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I suffer from being mild mentally handicapped, with a severe bipolar illness. Could my mild mental handicapped be considered a disability?

I suffer from being mild mentally handicapped, with a severe bipolar illness. Could my mild mental handicapped be considered a disability?

It depends: It depends on your level of disability and just how your condition affects your overall level of functioning in all areas of your life and day to day activities. Are you trying to get a check? Can you not work? You could seek out a disability determination evaluation. In my practice, i try and help folks so they can function and are not handicapped so they can work. ...Read more

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Mental retardation incidence in us--up or down?

Mental retardation incidence in us--up or down?

Unchanged: Mr is relatively constant, partly because it is defined as a percentage of the population. One big change that has occurred over the past 10-15 years, though, is that many previously labeled as severe or profound mr now are called autistic. Mr is a less popular term--enough so that there the term is being dropped in favor of intellectual disability. ...Read more

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How does mild mental retardation sompare to moderate?

Level of severity: Mr is divided into mild, moderate, severe, and profound. A 10 year old with mild mr would function at the 5-7 yo level; for moderate mr at the 3-5 yo level; for severe mr, at the 2-4 yo level, and for profound mr at the 1-2 yo level. Unfortunately, not only does mr slow learning; but, the more severe the mr the more quickly a child reaches maximum function. ...Read more

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What are the leading causes of severe or profound mental retardation?

Genetics and injury: The most serious forms of mr typically have genetic causes are result for intrauterine trauma ( e.g., viral infections) or head injury after birth. Many syndromes have been identified that are associated with these levels of severity, but most remain undetermined. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how to understanding mental illenss and mental retardation?

Can you tell me how to understanding mental illenss and mental retardation?

Very different: Mental illness and mental retardation are two very different things and not neccesarily related. If you have questions about either, you could ask your physician, you could read a good book on the subjects, or you could talk to people who have these conditions. Doctors who treat these conditions are very helpful, and there are many in your area at Illinois Neurologic Institute in Peoria. ...Read more

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Is there a surgery that can help with mental retardation?

No: Mr is a functional diagnosis. I am not aware of any structureal abnormality or connection abnormality tha tcan be improved with surgery. ...Read more

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Please tell me the symptoms of mental retardation in a toddler?

Definitions: Generally, global developmental delay is the term used at that age. If testing shows a toddler's overall functioning to be < 50% of what it should be for his age, he is at risk for intellectual disability ( formerly mental retardation) when tested at age 6. Another clue is lack of significant progress over time, despite having early intervention services to increase his rate of development. ...Read more

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How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

How does long term alcohol or drug use cause mental retardation?

Not quite the same: The term mental retardation is an old term that refers to brain problems present at birth or in early development. Alcohol and drug use can and do cause a loss of cognitive function in adults. Alcohol kills brain cells; some drugs deplete certain neurotransmitters. ...Read more

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Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Is there any kind of psychotherapy that can help improve mental retardation?

Not exactly: Mental retardation does not change but social skills and ability to cope in the world with "slowed learning" could improve through behavioral modification ...Read more

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What to do if I have 47 chromosomes and no mental retardation, what are the odds?

What to do if I have 47 chromosomes and no mental retardation, what are the odds?

Depends: You did not specify the constituent of extra chromosome, autosomal or sex one. If you have Klinfelter syndrome (47XXY), odds to have a normal IQ is high (average IQ: 85-90). ...Read more

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What is the chance if my son had hie that he will have problems with mental retardation in the future?

What is the chance if my son had hie that he will have problems with mental retardation in the future?

Risk factors: The sarnat neurological score, physical findings and eeg results in a newborn helps predict risk of developmental delays/ intellectual disability/cerebral palsy. Infants with stage 1 mild symptoms for <24 hours or moderate symptoms stage 2, for < 5 days have low risk. Higher risk is stage 2 > 7 days. Stage 3 severe symptoms + seizures on eeg, 70% risk.A type of MRI (dwi) can show injury early. ...Read more

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What resources are available for a 22 year old with moderate mental retardation that wants to live independently?

Check MHMR/The ARC: Many states like texas have programs run through regional centers like our mental health mental retardation center that provide training programs & services to kids & adults alike. The arc, formerly assn for retarded citizens, has many chapters throughout the country providing similar programs advice for families.Either group is a good starting place to find what's available. ...Read more

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Is there any type of cure or therapy for mental retardation?

No cure, but help.: Mental retardation, now referred to as intellectual disability, is defined as having an iq of less than 70 and also experiencing difficulty in social areas. A person's iq does not change over time, but it is important to do everything to help them reach their potential. In many cases, speech, occupational, and/or physical therapies are useful. They also need the best educational setting available. ...Read more

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What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? my sons says 7 words, and doesnt make sentences yet

What are the signs of mental retardation at age 16 months? my sons says 7 words, and doesnt make sentences yet

Language development: varies a great deal. Not all toddlers develop language at the same rate or in the same way. By 2 years of age, children typically begin to connect words, such as “go” and “bye, bye” to make the simple sentence “Go bye-bye.” By 3 years, many toddlers are able to form a variety of sentences with three or four words. Developmental testing by a trained professional can help identifies delays. ...Read more

Dr. Carol Van der Harst
631 doctors shared insights

Disabilities (Definition)

Disabilities is a term that describes a mental or physical condition that limits one's abilities to carry out the ...Read more


Dr. Rajiv Das
24 doctors shared insights

Disability Programs (Definition)

Disability Programs exist to help patients and their families learn to use disability benefits and function ...Read more