Doctor insights on:
Diphtheria: Diphtheria is a bacterial infection of the upper airway caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This disease was historically associated with severe illness and sometimes death, until the vaccine against it was developed in the early 1920's. Currently, immunization schedules including the DTaP vaccine have been tremendously successful in preventing this disease. ...Read more
Get vaccinated: Humans are the only reservoir of contageous material. Since international travel is common, a contageous traveler, early in their illness, could spred the germ anywhere in the world. The germs are often spread in a cough or contaminated secretions. Fully immunized persons can acquire a mild sore throat & spred it to others. ...Read more
This is an acute upper respiratory tract infection, but sometimes it infects the skin. Hippocrates first described the disease in the 4th century BC and major epidemics swept through Europe in the 17th century. It was known as 'the strangling angel of children'.
it spreads through droplet infection. The means by respiratory secretions (sneezing, coughing) ...Read more
Many: Nasal drainage with a white membrane on the septum. Fever, malaise, sore throat with a white to grey membrane on one or both tonsils. Laryngitis can occur with hosrseness, sob and a brassy cough. Heart toxicity, neurologic toxicity, renal toxicity and low blood pressure can all occur. ...Read more
Death rate is 5-10%,: Up to 20% in patients <age 5 & > age 40 from infections caused by toxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium Diphtheriae. It was endemic in San Antonio, TX, when I worked there. There is tissue damage. A grayish pseudomembrane covers the tonsils & throat &, sometimes, the larynx. It can obstruct the airway. The toxin damages the heart & paralyzes the soft palate eyes, limbs & diaphragm. Immunize! ...Read more
Bad infection: Diphtheria is an upper respiratory tract illness caused by corynebacterium diphtheriae, a facultative anaerobic, gram-positive bacterium. it is characterized by sore throat, low fever, and an adherent membrane (a pseudomembrane) on the tonsils, pharynx, and/or nasal cavity. a milder form of diphtheria can be restricted to the skin. ...Read more
You may not: Vaccinated persons may be asymptomatic carriers of the diphtheria germ or have a mild sore throat.Those with symptomatic respiratory disease develop symptoms over a few days & have a severe inflammation of the membranes in the back of the throat & nose. They can develop severe neck swelling, airway blockage & heart inflammation. ...Read more
Diphtheria is a potentially fatal, contagious disease that usually involves the nose, throat, and air passages, but may also infect the skin. Its most striking feature is the formation of a grayish membrane covering the tonsils and upper part of the throat.
This is a preventable disease by vaccination. It is rare in United States. ...Read more
Doctor's orders: There are many potential complications to diphtheria and the recovery is slow. The most common complication is inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis). The nervous system is also frequently and severely affected, which may result in temporary paralysis. The diphtheria toxin can also damage the kidneys. You should be under the constant care of a physician. ...Read more
Diphtheria: Children under the age of 5, most specifically less than 6 months are most vulnerable due to lack of antibodies to counteract the disease. This is the most important reason why these infants should start receiving the vaccine as early as 6 weeks of age. The risk for diphtheria in adults over 60 is due to waning immunity. This is why receiving regular boosters every 10 years is important. ...Read more
2-7 days: But sometimes longer.Get a more detailed answer ›
Yes: Diphtheria is a nasty illness. We don't see a lot of it here, but in a lot of foreign countries, notably russia and surrounding areas, diphtheria is alive and kicking. Be thankful we don't see it here anymore, and the vaccine is so effective. Unbearable throat pain, aches, and more. ...Read more