Doctor insights on:
Different Stages Of Colon Cancer
Not good, but: Each person is unique. Discss this question w/ the doctors involved in treatment. It's not good, but there are certainly cases that will do better than others. All life ends. Stage 4 cancer is quite advanced and life expectancy is shortened significantly. Overall health can matter a lot for how long and how good. ...Read more
Final few yards of your intestine, between the terminal ileum (small bowell) and rectum. It squeezes water and solidifies waste to stool. It is subject to outpouching (divertics) polyps, and these can become cancers. The cells are abnormal, invade into the muscle and travel ...Read more
See below: Colon cancer stage depends on how deep the cancer invades through the intestinal layers, if the cancer spread to lymph nodes, or if the cancer spread to other organs. Pathology helps determine the stage after surgical removal. Stage 1 best over 90% survival, stage 2 about 80% survival, stage 3 about 60% survival & stage 4 about 40% survival. Numbers very rough and each person responds differently. ...Read more
How is colon cancer diagnosed? What is the prognosis? What tests are used to determine the different stages of colon cancer
Biopsy: Colon cancer is diagnosed by a biopsy sample during colonoscopy. Pathology helps determined the stage after surgical removal of the cancer. Ranges from best stage 1 with small early cancer, to most advanced stage 4 when cancer has spread to other organs. Sometimes a ct scan or pet scan may be used to see if the cancer has spread to other sites. ...Read more
I had stage iii-b colon cancer and the tumor was removed surgically. I went to 2 oncologists who suggested different chemos: folfox vs. Capeox. I know that folfox is the standard. Does this mean it's better?
Equivalent choices: Capox is really an equivalent regimen to folfox. The difference is that the folfox regimen uses a drug (5- fluorouracil) that is given intravenously via a pump, wile the other regimen utilizes Capecitabine which is an oral version of the same drug which is activated preferentially in the tumor cells. There is a slight difference in the schedule, but these are really considered interchangeable. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
They can vary.: In older patients, physicians presume that "rectal bleeding is colon cancer until proven otherwise". Worrisome signs can include pain, diarrhea, constipation, blockage of the intestine, weakness, fatigue, weight loss, and even an enlarging lump that can be felt under the skin. These signs don't necessarily mean that one has colon cancer. The goal is to find colon cancer before any signs appear. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple: Colonoscopy with biopsy is the most sensitive and specific. Other methods include flexible sigmoidoscopy, double contrast barium enema, and ct colonography (also called "virtual colonoscopy"). There are some stool tests that can serve as early detection methods, but still require one of the above tests to confirm. Talk with your doctor to find out which is the best for you. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Numerous: Hi fiber diet, high fluids, avoiding excessive red meats and smoked foods, and getting regular colonoscopies if you are at risk. Most importantly, don't assume bleeding is from your hemorrhoids. Get it checked out b an expert. No bleeding even from hemorrhoids is normal. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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