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Doctor insights on: Different Iv Fluids And Their Uses

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Dr. Michael Opsahl
327 doctors shared insights

Intravenous Fluids (Definition)

Intravenous means "within a vein." It usually refers to giving medications or fluids (solutions) through a needle or tube inserted into a vein, which allows immediate access to the blood supply. For ...Read more


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What are the different types of intravenous fluids and when are they used?

What are the different types of intravenous fluids and when are they used?

Sugar, salt, lactate: Iv fluids 101. The most common IV fluids uses are some combination and concentration of sugar (glucose, dextrose), salt (saline), and lactate. These combos are generally either isotonic (same concentration as blood), or hypotonic (less so). So, d5w is hypotonic sugar water that would be used for water depleted state; ns (normal saline) for low blood volume state. D5 in 1/2 ns for dehydration.... ...Read more

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What are the types of IV fluids?

3 types: Blood products, crystalloids or plasma expanders and colloids, electrolyte based. ...Read more

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How long do IV fluids stay in your body?

How long do IV fluids stay in your body?

Depends.: No longer than any other fluid. Body moves a liter or two of fluid each day through the system. If you over fill the system by one liter, kidneys will promptly excrete it. If you are a liter low your body will hang on to any fluid and produce only minimal urine until the volume is back to normal. ...Read more

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Could a non-sick person live off of IV fluids?

Sure: Some of the IV fluids contain all the protein, carbohydrates and fat that your body needs to survive. Its called total parenteral nutrition. If you took these by your mouth and were able to absorb them you would live. It usually is given by IV because the GI tract is not usually able to absorb these fluids. ...Read more

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Is it legal to get IV fluids in oregon or washington? If so, how is the easiest way to get fluids with elector lights? This is for fighters.

Prescription only: In these states and all others as well, administration of IV fluids requires a doctors prescription and trained personnel to administer them. There is a trend for supplementation in this way in the chinese community, but this is not advised. Discuss with a nutritionist to make sure your elecrolytes are in top form for fighting. ...Read more

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How effective are IV fluids for treating dysentery?

How effective are IV fluids for treating dysentery?

Life saving: Fluid repletion is critical in dysentery since most of the patients who do not survive go eventually in renal failure. Only few types benefit from antibiotics. ...Read more

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What types of IV fluids are commonly used to bolus a patient?

Normal saline: Normal saline which is 0.9% salt in water is typically used in boluses, sometimes Ringer's in trauma, preferred by surgeons. ...Read more

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What to do if patient hypovolemic doesn't respond to IV fluids?

Depends: This is not a simple answer. It really depends on the whole picture of the patient. Could they have heart failure or kidney failure? More info is needed to answer completely and comprehensively. ...Read more

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How does intravenous fluids wear off?

Medical Questions: I am not sure if I am missing the point. But, all fluids in your body go through the liver, lungs and kidneys and are used up and cleaned up and excreted. I am not sure why you wonder about this. If I am missing the point then please ask again. ...Read more

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What is the rate at which intravenous fluids enter your body?

Rate is adjustable: And decided by treating physician. It may vary from 30cc/h to wide open. ...Read more

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What causes red streaks up the arm where IV fluids were given?

What causes red streaks up the arm where IV fluids were given?

Lymphangitis: Lymphangitis is infection along lymphatic vessels, usually following skin trauma. It typically tracks from the site of injury toward the torso. It is likely that bacteria got into the IV site and caused a skin infection which develops into this condition. It's very important that you talk to your doctor and get this examined. If it is lymphangitis, you may need antibiotic treatment. ...Read more

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Can a vein blow 13 days after being used to administer IV fluids for dehydration?

Can a vein blow 13 days after being used to administer IV fluids for dehydration?

Vein blowing: Possible but not usual because it is 13 days out , but the vein was traumatized and so once traumatized rare things can happen up to 3 months afterward( usually body parts heal totally after 3 months for a rule of thumb) . F/u/ w/ doc ...Read more

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I am NPO and been on Iv fluids since saturday.so why is my pee flow getting slower?

I am NPO and been on Iv fluids since saturday.so why is my pee flow getting slower?

Depends: That could be one reason, but there can be many many more depending on your specific case. But do let your doctor know your concern ...Read more

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When is dextrose vs normal saline IV fluids given to patients? Whats, diff.Significance of each fluid?

When is dextrose vs normal saline IV fluids given to patients? Whats, diff.Significance of each fluid?

Sugar vs salt: Saline by itself is used to keep blood volume up. It doesn't contain any nutrients, unlike dextrose, which is essentially glucose. Every cell in the body depends on glucose for fuel. It may be given alone, though often it's combined with other solutions containing various concentrations of sodium and sometimes potassium as well as whatever else might be needed. ...Read more

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What is considered severe diahrea in a child and what point should i take her to ER to get IV fluids for dehydration?

What is considered severe diahrea in a child and what point should i take her to ER to get IV fluids for dehydration?

Dehydration: Less than 5 wet diapers in 24 hours in a baby is suggestive of dehydration, which babies do not tolerate well. If oral rehydration with an electrolyte solution does not increase urination frequency shortly, emergent evaluation by you physician or an emergency facility is in order. ...Read more

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How long does someone who is dehydrated have to be hooked up to IV fluids to feel a difference? How long until they feel better if dehydrated

You : You might notice an improvement in a few hours. Depends on many factors. I hope all is well at this point. ...Read more

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Is there benefit for calculating IV fluids via a central venous catheter?

Of course: Iv fluids are a precise form of treatment. Every dose of treatment has to have a rational reason. Medicine is scientific. ...Read more

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2nd day BRAT diet after severe gastroenteritis requiring ER IV fluids, no food at all for 2 days. Anything else ican eat?

2nd day BRAT diet after severe gastroenteritis requiring ER IV fluids, no food at all for 2 days. Anything else ican eat?

GE: You can probably advance to solid food that is not fried. Boiled, broiled or baked with limited fat contents. You may want to avoid lactose containing food since transient deficiency in the enzyme that breaks down lactose can occur. You may get alternative point of view from other physicians ...Read more

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I'm in the hospital with a pancreatitis flare up. Brought in by ems this morning.I'm on regular diet,no IV fluids and being discharged tomorrow so I'm on oral meds. Threw them up. Can't keep anything down. Feel I'm being mistreated. Drwontlistenhelp ?

Get 2nd opinion: You should ask for another opinion. The most serious immediate issue is dehydration and if you can't tolerate oral hydration, your doctor should provide IV fluid or something to stop the vomting. ...Read more

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Become dehydrated very quickly even drinking 4 liters of water a day. Iv fluids once a week (3liters in about an hr). Causes? Tips?

Dehydration: You definetly seem to have a problem. You may have diabetes insipdius (di) or hyperglycemia causing you to have an osmotic diuresis. I assume that the IV fluids were given to you in an er, was blood taken and did you descuss your problem with ter doctor? Go to the er and get some blood work to get answers to your questions, as soon as possible, . ...Read more

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2 days after my gastric sleeve surgery i gained 10lbs. The nurses said it was from all the IV fluids they pumped into me. Is this normal? Did it fail?

2 days after my gastric sleeve surgery i gained 10lbs. The nurses said it was from all the IV fluids they pumped into me. Is this normal? Did it fail?

Water weight: It is likely as the nurses said, that your weight gain is related to the Iv fluids you received. Time will tell as you should lose that weight over a 5-10 period after surgery. ...Read more

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Swelling of the brain -- can it be caused due to steroids and IV fluids?

Swelling of the brain -- can it be caused due to steroids and IV fluids?

Yes: Certain steroids, but not the anti-inflammatory ones about which you are most probably familiar, cause water retention, which in excess may result in brain swelling. On the other hand, corticosteroids, the most commonly known, are often used as treatment for cerebral edema of various causes. Iv fluids, especially more dilute than normal blood plasma, can cause brain swelling. ...Read more

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After my nana 89 has had bore hole surgery , for hematoma she not drinking and hasn't been before this , on IV fluids why she not drinking thanks?

After my nana 89 has had bore hole surgery , for hematoma she not drinking and hasn't been before this , on IV fluids why she not drinking  thanks?

This can happen: After a brain injury of any type. It is common to see this along with other deficits and this needs to be paid close attention. It can very quickly lead to dehydration, kidney damage, utis. If she does not respond to cues, may need to consider a g tube for long term nutrition and hydration needs. I hope this helps and best of luck...And thank you for caring for her during this time of need! ...Read more

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Do sum docs give IV fluids to help Sjögren's? My stomach can only handle limited water.water doesn't seem to help.iv fluids always help me feel best

Do sum docs give IV fluids to help Sjögren's? My stomach can only handle limited water.water doesn't seem to help.iv fluids always help me feel best

SJOGRENS TX: SS Can be tough to treat. You need a through exam and labs. Then eval by a good RHEUMATOLGIST. It can be primary or secondary. When severe steroids and IGG may be needed. If you are prone to dehydration And can't keep orally hydrated, D/W your doctor placing a mediport. You can have labs drawn easily /IV IGG AND STEROIDS can be given and fluids. Also stick to GF diet WholeApproach.com ...Read more

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How come I have a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis to vitamin pills but not to vitamins through IV fluids?

How come I have a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis to vitamin pills but not to vitamins through IV fluids?

Aint' easy sometimes: Be skeptical of reactions to vitamins. It's really rare. Get a wise allergist who you trust to really go through your story. Look at it with open eyes. Sometimes causes are not always easily identified (idiopathic). There are a few tests that are helpful, though. ...Read more

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If i go to the hospital for severe dehydration from vomiting, what is the estimated length of time i would need IV fluids?

If i go to the hospital for severe dehydration from vomiting, what is the estimated length of time i would need IV fluids?

Depends: It depends how dehydrated you are. You might get couple liters off IV fluids and anti nausea medications. They will keep you typically until you are hydrated enough and you are able to keep down something orally without vomiting. ...Read more