Doctor insights on:
Difference Between Viral And Bacterial Infection
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Bacteria are cells: Bacteria are cells, they are living and have a cell wall. Viruses consist of dna, or RNA usually with proteins around the nuclear material, but they do not have a cell wall. Viruses are about 1/10th the size of a bacteria. Bacteria cause infection by causing an inflammatory response while viruses get inside your cells then replicate and cause problems.From the inside out of your cells. ...Read more
What is the difference between viral infection and bacterial infection? I'm currently having viral infection according to my doctor.
Virus v Bacteria: The simple answer, and not trying to sound flip, is that viruses causes viral illnesses, bacteria cause bacterial infections. Antibiotics can help with bacterial infections, but only some antiviral medications are available to help with the course of some viral illnesses. Most viral illnesses just have to run their course. ...Read more
Often timing or test: There are many different types of viral infections and bacterial infections so it depends on location. by type of infection: sore throat: bacteria can easily be identified with an office test. if negative usually viral sinusitis: after a cold is going on for 7+ days and getting better, suddenly gets worse pneumonia: doctor exam, x-ray, culture flu (viral): type of symptoms, office test ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Ggod question!: There are some clear differences, which one ought to know. Most virus infections cause a short illness of 3-5 days and then go away on their own. We do not have good antibiotics against the virus(this is typical scenario for upper respiratory infections(one of the common infections). Bacterial infections are more serious and definitely require antibiotics, otherwise you will get very sick , ending. ...Read more
Sinus infections: Viral sinus infections generally are gone by a week.They can produce yellow or green mucus during their time in your system.If you continue to experience thick yellow or green mucus especially with fever it is more likely to be bacterial. Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics. Viral infections do not respond to antibiotics. Smokers are more likely to have problems with both. ...Read more
Different germ types: Bacteria are larger germs, and they can live in a broth or culture dish in a lab, or sometimes in soup, egg salad, etc... Treatment is with "antibiotics", but the exact term should be "antibacterials". Viruses are much smaller, and cannot reproduce on their own. Viruses have to invade other cells, such as our own cells, and use those cells to make new viruses. Anti-virals are used to stop viruses. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Please explain what differences are there in the (human) immune response to a viral infection vs. A bacterial infection?
Short answer: It depends on the individual organism. For example some viruses trigger the immune system to mount a cytotoxic cellular response in which the infected cell is killed. Some bacteria are killed directly by antibodies in conjunction with the complement system. You usually can't differentiate viral vs bacterial infection based on how you feel or what it looks like in the case of a throat infection. ...Read more
Culture: The symptoms of viral or bacterial infection of the throat or tonsils may be similar. The appearance of these structures on physical examination may also be similar. Therefore, a culture of the throat will determine if you have pathological bacterial species. This is how any physician can only determine the etiology of a sore throat. ...Read more
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