Doctor insights on:
Difference Between Type 1 And 2 Diabetes
Very different: Both types of diabetes are characterized by high blood glucose levels. Type I diabetes is caused by a failure of the islet cells in the pancreas to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is required to get glucose into the cells. In type ii diabetes, the pancreas produces Insulin but the cells don't use the Insulin in a normal fashion. This is sometimes called Insulin resistance. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Insulin: Type 1, aka: "juvenile " occurs when pancreas stops making Insulin altogether, and onset usually is in childhood/teens. They are dependent on Insulin administration. Type 2, or adult onset usually starts as increased resistance to the body's insulin, often from increased body fat. Can use meds to improve situation unless Insulin production fails. # of 2s outnumber 1s in us. ...Read moreSee 12 more doctor answers
Differences: Type1 diabetics have no insulin, thus the treatment is to give back insulin. Type 2 diabetics have variable amounts of insulin, it's just their Insulin don't work very well, thus the treatment is to give drugs to make the Insulin works better (more sensitive) or give additional Insulin to the body. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Pathophysiology: Although both type I and type ii diabetes manifest with high blood sugars the basic underpinnings of the two are different. Type I diabetes is caused by an autoimmune destruction of the beta cells which make Insulin in the pancreas. It is not caused by diet or lifestyle choices. Type ii diabetes in children is most often associated with obesity and a family history of type ii diabetes. Children with this disease are very Insulin resistant. Eventually their bodies are unable to keep up with the Insulin demands and the blood sugars rise. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Making insulin: The basic difference is in making your own insulin.In type one, something kills off the insulin production in your pancreas. Since it is needed to move glucose from the blood into the cells, you must get it from an outside source or your blood level goes up too much & you eventually die. In type 2, you can make it but it doesn't work as effectively. You take extra or pills that make it work better. ...Read more
Types of Diabetes: Type I Diabetes is now called "Insulin Dependent Diabetes." Type II Diabetes is now referred to as "Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes." Your endocrinologist will order Glucose Tolerance Testing and attempt to control your diabetes with oral medications. If oral medications work for you, you are a NIDDM (Type II). If the pancreas does not produce insulin, you must substitute external Insulin (IDDM ...Read more
How do I find what's the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? What are the best treatments for either?
Etiology: Hi. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, and type 2 is no. There are autoantibodies associated with type 1 (GAD-65, ICA-512 = IA-2, insulin, zinc transporter-8 autoantibodies), that if positive, confirm type 1. Some type 1's can be autoantibody negative. ALL type 1's need insulin. Type 2's have a long list of available therapies (combinations often required). Tight control prevents complicati ...Read more
Diabetes: Type 1 dm results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and requires the person to inject Insulin or wear an Insulin pump. Type 2 dm results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use Insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute Insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (niddm) or "adult-onset diabetes". ...Read more
Diabetes: Type 1 dm results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and requires the person to inject Insulin or wear an Insulin pump. Type 2 dm results from Insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use Insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute Insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (niddm) or "adult-onset diabetes". ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
See below: Type 2 diabetes, it's increased by age, family history and (70-90%) obesity -- which causes Insulin resistance, necessitating higher Insulin by your pancreas and eventually exhausts pancreas' ability to make sufficient insulin. Symptoms are thirst, urination, weight loss, visual blurring, fatigue, etc. Type 1 is caused by lack of Insulin secretion, not excess. ...Read more
Insulin differences: In type 1 diabetes, your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough Insulin to overcome this resistance. ...Read more
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