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Doctor insights on: Difference Between Autism And Down Syndrome

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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Down syndrome?

What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Down syndrome?

Neurodevelopmental : Disorders like AS & DS that cause Intellectual Disability differ in etiology, signs & symptoms & Neurobehavioral profiles including motor, language, cognitive & social/ adaptive skills. The genetic accident that causes DS gives a fetus 3 copies of Chromosome 21; a fetus with AS may lack a maternal UBE3A gene, have 2 copies of the gene from dad, or only dad's gene is active at Chr.15 q11.2-q13. ...Read more

Dr. Johanna Fricke
529 doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

ASD are a spectrum of disorders of varying degrees that are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 68 American children as ...Read more


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What is the difference between autism and asperger's syndrome?

What is the difference between autism and asperger's syndrome?

Symptom presentation: This distinction, introduced in the early 1990's, arose because some individuals had major delays in social interactions and language, along with odd behaviors (autism), while others had good language but problems with the other two areas (asperger's). Subsequent research has shown that, controling for intelligence, the main difference is language--a circular process. It may be going away soon. ...Read more

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What is the difference between Down syndrome and Turner syndrome?

Both are caused by : genetic accidents. Down Syndrome occurs in a fetus with a full or partial extra copy of Chromosome 21, with characteristic features, congenital anomalies, hypotonia & Intellectual Disability. Turner Syndrome occurs in a female fetus with an incomplete or missing X Chromosome, with characteristic features, Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities, short stature & infertility. See each disorder's website ...Read more

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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and autism?

What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and autism?

Angelman Syndrome = : intellectual disability,puppet-like, jerky movements, hand-flapping, laughter outbursts, sociability, & severe language deficits from lack of maternal genes, 2 sets of paternal genes or only active paternal genes on Chromosome 15q11.2-q13. A few kids with AS lack social communication & reciprocity + their stereotypical movements, warranting additional diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder. ...Read more

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What is the difference between classic autism and Asperger syndrome?

What is the difference between classic autism and Asperger syndrome?

Spectrum disorder: Autism is a spectrum disorder. With the diagnosis of autism being made when symptoms are severe and severely impairing, and asperger's disorder being diagnosed when symptoms are less severe, yet still a cause for significant impairment and/or distress. Symptoms "in-between" mild and severe are sometimes diagnosed as pdd, nos. Isolated, mild autistic symptoms also occur in the "normal" population. ...Read more

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What is the difference between Down syndrome and mongoloid?

What is the difference between Down syndrome and mongoloid?

None. "Mongoloid" is: considered an ethnically pejorative term & is no longer used to describe the facial features of flat mid-face, flat nasal bridge, epicanthic folds, skin folds of the inner corners of the eyes & up-slanting palpebral fissures or eye openings that are characteristic facial features of people with Down Syndrome but also are seen in many perfectly neurotypical individuals of Asian descent. ...Read more

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What is the difference between asperger's syndrome and high-functioning autism?

What is the difference between asperger's syndrome and high-functioning autism?

Mostly language: The major difference between ausitm ANS asperger's is early language development--relatively normal in the latter. So-called high-functioning autism typically means average or above iq, which usually implies fairly good language. Even so, language measures typically most distinguish the two. That's why new criteria being considered will lump everything under autism spectrum disorder. ...Read more

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What are the differences between fragile x syndrome and down syndrome?

Different chromosome: Fragile x is a condition created when an abnormality in a faulty x chromosome is allowed to interfere with the cells in the body. In females, their other x prevents most problems while males with a y cannot block the abnormality. Down syndrome has a whole or extra piece of a 21 chromosome in every cell which interferes with normal cell function. ...Read more

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What's the difference between autism phenotype and pdd-nos?

What's the difference between autism phenotype and pdd-nos?

Descriptors: The diagnosis for all who have lack of theory of mind, qualitative impairments in social communication & reciprocal interaction, & narrow, restricted areas of interest or stereotypical movements is autistic disorder in the dsm-v. Pdd-nos is the dsm-iv term for having some, but not all, symptoms of autism. Broader autism phenotype, not a diagnosis, is having even fewer. Vaccines don't cause autism. ...Read more

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What are the differences between autism and asperger's syndrome?

Same Family: Autism is a more pervasive problem, with severe effects in speech, social interactions, and behavior. Asperger's is a related condition with possible problems in the same areas, but to a lesser degree. ...Read more

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Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Williams syndrome?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Williams syndrome?

Williams/Angelman: Williams show distinct facial features, Cardiovascular abnormalities, Hypercalcemia & Hyperactivity. Angelman show severe intellectual impairments, Seizures, Ataxia, Speech impairment. Both are rare genetic diseases involving Chromosomal abnormalities (Chromosome 15 in Angelman, 7 in Williams). ...Read more

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What's the difference between high-functioning autism and asperger's?

What's the difference between high-functioning autism and asperger's?

Not much: "autistic disorder"will include as, pdd-nos & autism. Kids with as may sound like " little professors, "talk about favorite topics without conversational give-and-take( pragmatics) and without typical use of tempo, pitch & loudness (prosody). Kids with hfa struggle with language, but may quickly figure out how to make something work by seeing & handling it. Both have "normal" full-scale iq, >70. ...Read more

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What are the similarities and differences between asperger's syndrome and classic autism?

Type of impairment: This all wil change in 5/13. For the past 14-15 years, asperger's disorder has described people with longstanding poor social skills and odd or unusually intense preoccupations but relatively normal language, wherease autism has notable language impairment as well. Studies have failed to find marked differences other than in language, so new term will be austim spectrum disorder. ...Read more

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Whats the difference between aspergers and autism?

Degree: Under the umbrella condition termed pervasive developmental disorders, there is a spectrum of severity where the least severe condition has been referred to as asperger's syndrome and the most severe end of the spectrum is severe autism. ...Read more

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What's the difference between Marfan syndrome and eds?

What's the difference between Marfan syndrome and eds?

Stature and heart: Marfans people are tall, skinny, with valve problems, joint instability, but also have aortic problems. Ehlers danlos has hypermobility, subluxations, but also certain types of eds have tissue fragility, spontaneous pneumothorax, joint subluxation, and has difficulty healing. ...Read more

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Whats the difference between high functioning autism and asbergers?

Depends: Some say very little difference, but technically ppl with autism have some history of speech/language delay while ppl with asperger's disorder have no history of such a delay. Typically ppl with autism struggle more with verbal tasks, but may excel with nonverbal/visual tasks. Often ppl w/ aspergers struggle more with visual tasks but have strong verbal skills. This is not always the case though. ...Read more

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What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome?

What is the difference between Angelman syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome?

Angelman vs. Prader: Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes are the two genetic disorders of the 15q11 chromosomal region. People with Prader-Willi inherited the abnormal chromosome from father, while those with Angelman syndrome inherited from mother. ...Read more

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What's the difference between parkinsonism and Parkinson's syndrome?

What's the difference between parkinsonism and Parkinson's syndrome?

Variation on a theme: Parkinson's disease (pd) is a neurodegenerative disorder of as yet unknown cause, which has typical symptoms including tremor, stiffness, lack of spontaneous movement (and many others). Parkinsonism is a condition in which some of the factors of true pd are present but atypical factors are also present. Commonest form is drug-induced parkinson-like movement disorder. ...Read more

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What is the difference between high functional autism and aspergers?

What is the difference between high functional autism and aspergers?

You say potato,: I say po-tah-toe... Seriously, the terms are interchangeable, except that asperger's diagnosis is no longer "in the book.". ...Read more

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Dr. Johanna Fricke
641 doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

A neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between ...Read more


Dr. Kathryn Akin
646 doctors shared insights

Down Syndrome (Definition)

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing ...Read more