Doctor insights on:
Difference Between Autism And Down Syndrome
Clinical research: Reveals that 10-19% of people with Down Syndrome also have Autistic Spectrum Disorder, often manifesting as regression in language & behavioral regression between 3-7 years. See sfari. Org/news-and-opinion/in-brief/2014/clinical-research-down-syndrome-autism-often-coexist. Contact Dr. George T. Capone at Kennedy-Krieger Institute in Baltimore, ian@kennedykrieger. Org, to participate in studies. ...Read more
ASD are a spectrum of disorders of varying degrees that are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 68 American children as ...Read more
From infancy through: Adulthood people with DS have delays in receptive & expressive language, ='in some areas to cognition, usually mild-moderate Intellectual Disability, others lower. Babies, toddlers & children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder may not talk or may have bizarre jargon mixed with babbling, then words, but they lack joint attention, communicative intent & reciprocal conversational skills. ...Read more
If you have both.: Yes. Autistic Spectrum Disorder presents as regression in language & behavior between ages 3-7 years in kids with DS & mild-moderate Intellectual Disability. The child must be evaluated for hearing loss, also common in DS. The closest Developmental/Behavioral Pediatricians near you are in Bangor. See www. Healthgrades. Com/pediatric-developmental-behavioral-health-directory/me-maine/bangor. ...Read more
Disorder can present as regression in language & behavior as late as school age in kids with DS & mild-moderate Intellectual Disability. Check for hearing loss, also common in DS. Try
"When Down Syndrome & Autism Intersect", edited by Margaret Froehlke, R.N. & Robin Zaborek & "Dual Diagnosis of DS & Autism" by George T. Capone, M.D., adapted from Disability Solutions, vol.3, issues 5 & 6. ...Read more
By letting them be: If kids get only frustrated by confronting them constantly with ther limitations, they can never just be happy. A common mistake parents make is to try to operate constantly in educating and training them without allowing them any time to just be kids, on that, they are just like any other kid. And, believe me, free play time, non-directed, helps a lot brain development naturally. ...Read more
Developmental peds: A developmental pediatrician specializes in developmental and behavioral problems in children, including autism, Down Syndrome, ADD and some other issues. If you are looking for a developmental pediatrician in your area, you can ask your general pediatrician for a referral or you can look on the American Academy of Pediatrics website: www. Aap. Org. ...Read more
None. "Mongoloid" is: Considered an ethnically pejorative term & is no longer used to describe the facial features of flat mid-face, flat nasal bridge, epicanthic folds, skin folds of the inner corners of the eyes & up-slanting palpebral fissures or eye openings that are characteristic facial features of people with Down Syndrome but also are seen in many perfectly neurotypical individuals of Asian descent. ...Read more
Old world term: Quite a while back & before the chromosome defect was found in '60's, the the facial structure of Down syndrome kids/adults, reminded folks of the features of mongolian race. Original scientific publications uses that terminology. It was well into the '70's before the descriptions began to change & the public began to use more modern descriptors. ...Read more
Neurodevelopmental: Disorders like AS & DS that cause Intellectual Disability differ in etiology, signs & symptoms & Neurobehavioral profiles including motor, language, cognitive & social/ adaptive skills. The genetic accident that causes DS gives a fetus 3 copies of Chromosome 21; a fetus with AS may lack a maternal UBE3A gene, have 2 copies of the gene from dad, or only dad's gene is active at Chr.15 q11.2-q13. ...Read more
Both are caused by: Genetic accidents. Down Syndrome occurs in a fetus with a full or partial extra copy of Chromosome 21, with characteristic features, congenital anomalies, hypotonia & Intellectual Disability. Turner Syndrome occurs in a female fetus with an incomplete or missing X Chromosome, with characteristic features, Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities, short stature & infertility. See each disorder's website ...Read more
Can chromosomal microarray detect down syndrome? What's the difference between chromosomal microarray and the conventional karyotypying?
It may, depends: First step is conventional karyotyping, if the clinical suspicion present for Down syndrome, detection of an extra chromosome 21, or trisomy, instead of two. In 95% of Down syndrome it's diagnostic, but If it didn't detect and suspicion is still there - next step could be a microarray, which designed to detect submicroscopic abnormalities not detected by regular karyotyping for the rest of 5% D-s ...Read more
Angelman Syndrome =: intellectual disability, puppet-like, jerky movements, hand-flapping, laughter outbursts, sociability, & severe language deficits from lack of maternal genes, 2 sets of paternal genes or only active paternal genes on Chromosome 15q11.2-q13. A few kids with AS lack social communication & reciprocity + their stereotypical movements, warranting additional diagnosis of Autistic Spectrum Disorder. ...Read more
Symptom presentation: This distinction, introduced in the early 1990's, arose because some individuals had major delays in social interactions and language, along with odd behaviors (autism), while others had good language but problems with the other two areas (asperger's). Subsequent research has shown that, controling for intelligence, the main difference is language--a circular process. It may be going away soon. ...Read more
Mostly language: The major difference between ausitm ANS asperger's is early language development--relatively normal in the latter. So-called high-functioning autism typically means average or above iq, which usually implies fairly good language. Even so, language measures typically most distinguish the two. That's why new criteria being considered will lump everything under autism spectrum disorder. ...Read more
In truth, HFA has: Never been a separate diagnostic category. The DSM-V diagnosis Autistic Spectrum Disorder ASD) includes Autism, Asperger Syndrome & PDD-NOS because core deficits like absent/diminished theory of mind, impaired facial recognition & lack of joint attention underlie the atypical behaviors in social reciprocity, social communication & narrow, repetitive areas of interest or stereotypies in all types. ...Read more
Spectrum disorder: Autism is a spectrum disorder. With the diagnosis of autism being made when symptoms are severe and severely impairing, and asperger's disorder being diagnosed when symptoms are less severe, yet still a cause for significant impairment and/or distress. Symptoms "in-between" mild and severe are sometimes diagnosed as pdd, nos. Isolated, mild autistic symptoms also occur in the "normal" population. ...Read more
Few percent: Most DS result when 3 of the 21 chromosome end up in all the cells of a kid. Data shows us that all it takes us only having a extra piece of the 21 added to the normal 46 chromosomes to trigger the physical changes of DS. This happens when mom or dad carries some miss-arranged chromosomes in a balanced (for them) way, but the kid gets extra during conception. It is found on chromosome study ...Read more
Different chromosome: Fragile x is a condition created when an abnormality in a faulty x chromosome is allowed to interfere with the cells in the body. In females, their other x prevents most problems while males with a y cannot block the abnormality. Down syndrome has a whole or extra piece of a 21 chromosome in every cell which interferes with normal cell function. ...Read more
Type of impairment: This all wil change in 5/13. For the past 14-15 years, asperger's disorder has described people with longstanding poor social skills and odd or unusually intense preoccupations but relatively normal language, wherease autism has notable language impairment as well. Studies have failed to find marked differences other than in language, so new term will be austim spectrum disorder. ...Read more
Because the same: Core deficits - diminished or absent joint attention, facial recognition & Theory Of Mind - exist in all types of Autistic Spectrum Disorder, the diagnoses of Asperger Syndrome & PDD-NOS were subsumed into ASD in the DSM-V. The level of ASD is defined by the type & degree of supports needed for a person with ASD to function optimally, 1 being the lowest level of need & 3 being the highest. ...Read more
They are both: On the spectrum of autism disorder. Aspergers in general is more high functioning. They are all very bright people. Aspergers tend to excel academically and have social problems because they do not read emotional cues well at all. Autism usually has more severe developmental and language delays with diarrhea, constipation, self stemming, and eating issues. This is a broad and general description. ...Read more
Autism spectrum: Autistic disorders, like many, if not most, other diseases and disorders, exist on a spectrum from milder to more severe. Asperger's disorder is a way of describing someone in the "higher functioning" or "milder" range of the spectrum. Although if you are someone or a loved one with the disorder, there is probably nothing that seems " mild" about it. Best wishes. ...Read more
Difference: Asperger syndrome is part of the autism spectrum. In the usa it is no longer a proper diagnosis, although it does describe a particular pattern within the spectrum. Generally, they have more social interest, they have at least average (often high) intelligence, and they have narrow areas of interest (weather, dinosaurs, pokemon, etc) about which they learn every fact. ...Read more
A rose is a rose;: A tantrum is an outburst of temper with screaming, hitting, kicking, etc. Typically used by kids with limited language to obtain a desired object or avoid a non-preferred task. Ignoring tantrums & modeling developmental-age-appropriate self-calming skills extinguishes tantrums in neurotypical toddlers. Kids with Autistic Spectrum Disorder require intensive, repetitive behavioral therapy ...Read more
You say potato,:
I say po-tah-toe...
Seriously, the terms are interchangeable, except that asperger's diagnosis is no longer "in the book.". ...Read more
Not much: "autistic disorder"will include as, pdd-nos & autism. Kids with as may sound like " little professors, "talk about favorite topics without conversational give-and-take (pragmatics) and without typical use of tempo, pitch & loudness (prosody). Kids with hfa struggle with language, but may quickly figure out how to make something work by seeing & handling it. Both have "normal" full-scale iq, >70. ...Read more
Many differences: Autism is a specific group of disorders with communication difficulties, inability to react to surrounding people; repetitive movements and sounds. Diagnosis is difficult -- on going p., o.T. And speech therapy, ay help. Mental retardation implies abnormal iq but has many causes ---- need ped neurologist, geneticist for diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more
A neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between ...Read more
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