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Doctor insights on: Diaphragmatic Hernia Complications

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What is diaphragmatic hernia?

What is diaphragmatic hernia?

Bowel in chest: Bowel pokes through defect in diaphragm and gets into chest cavity. Congenital causes poor development of the affected lung, causing a newborn to need a ventilator or ecmo. Adults can get with abdomen trauma, like stab wounds that cut the diaphragm. Less dangerous because lung is normal and should re-expand when fixed. Similar is hiatal hernia, where stomach slides through opening for esophagus. ...Read more

Dr. Darrell Cass
44 doctors shared insights

Diaphragmatic Hernia (Definition)

in the diaphragm during development in the fetus allowing the intestines and the liver to go into the chest cavity and not allowing the lung on that side to develop including abnormal pulm vasculature.giving ...Read more


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What causes diaphragmatic hernia?

What causes diaphragmatic hernia?

Lack of development: Poor or incomplete development of the pluroperitoneal membrane which forms the diaphragm muscle. ...Read more

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What causes a diaphragmatic hernia?

What causes a diaphragmatic hernia?

Birth defect: It is a failure of the tissue that will form the diaphragm musle to fuse in the midline and separate the abdominal compartment from the chest compartment. ...Read more

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How serious is a diaphragmatic hernia?

How serious is a diaphragmatic hernia?

Can be serious: It depends on the extent of lung damage. ...Read more

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What is a cogenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What is a cogenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Hernia of diaphragm: A congenital diaphragmatic hernia is an opening in the diaphragm muscle that allows the abdominal organs to creep into the chest and affect the formation of fetal lungs. Growth of lungs is affected and this may gravely affect prognosis. ...Read more

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What are the tests for diaphragmatic hernia?

What are the tests for diaphragmatic hernia?

Chest X-ray : When large a chest x-ray can see but a ct is best. ...Read more

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What are the effects of a diaphragmatic hernia?

What are the effects of a diaphragmatic hernia?

Lung hypoplasia.: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare but devastating anomaly that affects mainly the fetal lung growth and development to the point that perinatal survival is jeopardized unless prompt and expert care is instituted. Even then, the prognosis depends more on the severity of the diaphragmatic defect than on the quality of care. Several lethal syndromes are associated with it so seek multi-d care. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a diaphragmatic hernia?

What are the symptoms of a diaphragmatic hernia?

Respiratory failure: Infant will be unable to breathe for themselves. They will require intubation and a ventilator. They will have pulmonary hypertension which affects ability to oxygenate blood. This symptom is transient and resolves with good medical support in a level three intensive care nursery. Once circulation is normalized surgery can be done to close the hernia through abdominal incision. ...Read more

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Diaphragmatic hernia in my baby brother, what to do?

Diaphragmatic hernia in my baby brother, what to do?

Seek medical ...: Attention in a good pediatric health care facility. A diaphragmatic hernia (hole in diaphragm) is a serious deal in a baby. He needs to be cared for in a hospital with a high-level neonatal intensive care unit (nicu) and pediatric surgeons, pediatric anesthesiologists, and neonatologists. ...Read more

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When does a diaphragmatic hernia have to be repaired?

When does a diaphragmatic hernia have to be repaired?

Depends : Some are repaired in utero, some are repaired after the age of 80. In general, for adults, it is based on size and symptoms. More symptoms and larger size, consider a consultation with a general or thoracic surgeon with experience in performing laparoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repairs. ...Read more

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When a boy has diaphragmatic hernia, what does it mean?

When a boy has diaphragmatic hernia, what does it mean?

Variable defect: When the diaphram fails to finish forming, a hole is left between the chest & abdomen & bowel can slip into the lung cavity (herniate) before or just after birth(when baby starts to cry & swallow air). If the lung forms well & bowel slips later, there is a better chance of lomg term survival. Without room to form the lung on that side can fail. Rapid recognition & suportiive care is a must. ...Read more

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There anyone you know had diaphragmatic hernia as a teen?

There anyone you know had diaphragmatic hernia as a teen?

Need more info: Diaphragmatic matic hernia is very broad and covers many types of hernias. Assuming you mean a hiatal hernia, yes teens can have them. It is not common. ...Read more

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Cogenital diaphragmatic hernia, can you give me more info?

Cogenital diaphragmatic hernia, can you give me more info?

Variable defect: When the diaphragm fails to finish forming, a hole is left between the chest ; abdomen ; bowel can slip into the lung cavity (herniate) before or just after birth(when baby starts to cry ; swallow air). If the lung forms well ; bowel slips later, there is a better chance of long term survival. Without room to form the lung on that side can fail. ...Read more

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Which organs get affected when a diaphragmatic hernia occurs?

Which organs get affected when a diaphragmatic hernia occurs?

Lungs mainly.: The main lethality of congenital diaphragmatic hernia lies with its effect on the fetal lung development. As much of the fetal abdominal contents are inside the fetal chest during lung development, there is a great risk the lung become hypoplastic and dysfunctional. This means that without intervention many of the affected babies die at birth from respiratory failure. Fetal therapy options increas. ...Read more

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What do you suggest if my child has a diaphragmatic hernia.!?

What do you suggest if my child has a diaphragmatic hernia.!?

Pediatric surgeon: Since I don't know your choilds age, or if your child has been born yet, I would suggest discussing with your pediatrician or obstetrician. They can give you a referral to a pediatric surgeon, who generally is the most experienced at this type of hernia repair in children. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Diaphragmatic hernia?

What is the definition or description of: Diaphragmatic hernia?

Deffect: In the diaphragm during development in the fetus allowing the intestines and the liver to go into the chest cavity and not allowing the lung on that side to develop
including abnormal pulm vasculature.giving rise to pulm.hypertension ...Read more

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When a diaphragmatic hernia occurs what is actually happening to the organs?

When a diaphragmatic hernia occurs what is actually happening to the organs?

Abnormal position: A diaphragmatic hernia is a hole in the muscle that separates the abdomen from the chest cavity. Intestines get into the chest and affect the lung development so that infants have insufficient lung tissue to survive, this is called pulmonary hypoplasia. The intestines also are malrotated but this is or lesser consequence. ...Read more

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Should a diaphragmatic hernia be operated on even if it is small in an adult?

No: Hiatal hernias are so common as to be nearly a normal finding. Unless it is a paraesophageal hernia keep the knives in a drawer. ...Read more

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What is the oldest age anyone has lived if he or she has congential diaphragmatic hernia?

What is the oldest age anyone has lived if he or she has congential diaphragmatic hernia?

Depends.: Depends also on the type and severity of the hernia. While we often think of cdh solely in the context of severe presentation in early life, they are also found on ct scan without symptoms: http://www.Ajronline. Org/content/177/2/363. Long. So the answer would be a normal life expectancy is possible, but depending totally on the severity and presentation and other medical problems present. ...Read more

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What is surgical management of patient having diaphragmatic hernia?

What is surgical management of patient having diaphragmatic hernia?

Repair: Usually it requires surgic repair with pt's own tissue or a mesh. www.drlugo.com. ...Read more

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How do doctors treat a diaphragmatic hernia?

How do doctors treat a diaphragmatic hernia?

Surgical repair.: In utero, the optimal treatment of severe non-syndromic cdh cases is the placement of an endotracheal balloon to occlude the fetal trachea and help the lungs develop. Postnatally, the neonatologists and pediatric surgeons collaborate to support sick newborns around the surgical repair of the diaphragmatic defects with a mesh. Brain injury can occur at that time. Mild cases are asymptomatic. ...Read more

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What does it mean that my baby has a diaphragmatic hernia?

What does it mean that my baby has a diaphragmatic hernia?

Maybe big deal: Congenital diaphragm hernia discovered in utero can range from a small hernia with no consequences, to a large hernia preventing lung development that is associated with a high risk of death at birth. Treatment obviously depends on the severity of the condition. You may want to see a pediatric surgeon for a consultation if the seriousness or plan is not clear to you. I hope everything turns out ok. ...Read more

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How do you find a diaphragmatic hernia in a baby? Can it be diagnosed before delivery?

How do you find a diaphragmatic hernia in a baby? Can it be diagnosed before delivery?

Yes : Prenatal ultrasound routinely looks for congenital diaphragm hernia. Ask your OB about it at your next visit. ...Read more

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What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Variable defect: When the diaphram fails to finish forming, a hole is left between the chest ; abdomen ; bowel can slip into the lung cavity (herniate) before or just after birth(when baby starts to cry ; swallow air). If the lung forms well ; bowel slips later, there is a better chance of lomg term survival. Without room to form the lung on that side can fail. Rapid recognition ; suportiive care is a must. ...Read more

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How to treat diaphragmatic hernia in fetus?

How to treat diaphragmatic hernia in fetus?

May need surgery: Diaphragmatic hernia in utero has a range of severity from minor to life threatening at birth. A neonatologist or pediatric surgeon can help sort that out. There are only one or two centers in the us performing corrective fetal surgery. One is in the san francisco area. ...Read more

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What is the treatment required for a diaphragmatic hernia?

What is the treatment required for a diaphragmatic hernia?

Surgery: Surgery will be either shortly after birth or later depending on the degree of pulmonary hypertension. This elevated pressure usually subsides to normal level after 5-7 days. ...Read more

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What is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Hole in diaphragm : While there are normally openings in the diaphragm to allow passage of blood vessels and the esophagus, sometimes there are additional holes where the diaphragm doesn't form properly. If the extra hole is big enough, some abdominal organs will migrate into the chest an prevent the lung from developing, which can be fatal at birth. Small hernias may never be noticed, or last until adulthood. ...Read more

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Can a baby die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Can a baby die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Yes : If the hernia is large enough to allow the abdominal organs to go in i the chest during development, they can physically prevent the lung from developing. In its most severe case, rapid death due to inability to get oxygen in to the system can occur immediately after delivery. It is important to understand however that this is not the case for all hernias. See a pediatric surgeon for your details. ...Read more

Dr. David Earle
1,450 doctors shared insights

Hernia (Definition)

The ascendence of the gastroesophageal junction into the chest above the diaphragm through the ...Read more