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Doctor insights on: Diabetes Type 1 Endocrine System

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I was new in diabetea disease.. Is there some one explain to me what is diabetes type 1 and type 2? Thank you...

I was new in diabetea disease.. Is there some one explain to me what is diabetes type 1 and type 2? Thank you...

Type 1 vs type 2: To use an analogy, Insulin is like a taxicab that takes sugar from the blood and delivers it into cells where it can be used or stored.Without insulin, the sugar can do nothing but build up in the blood, making it thick and spilling into the urine. In type 1, you no longer make insulin, so you must give it all by shot.In type 2 you make some, but not enough for your size.Extra is often given. ...Read more

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,207 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

Diabetes is a disease of increased blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the intake of food. Insulin is a type of hormone that removes the glucose from the blood and moves it into the cells to provide them with energy. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not make any insulin. Therefore, glucose stays inside the blood and does not move into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, which is commonly associated with obesity, is when the body is either resistant to the effects of insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin. Increased levels of glucose in the body causes severe damage to the ...Read more


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How do people get diabetes type 1?

How do people get diabetes type 1?

Mostly unknown: The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease. ...Read more

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How can I gain weight if I have diabetes type 1?

How can I gain weight if I have diabetes type 1?

MUST: Get very good glycemic control- that way with 'right' Insulin dose, your storing the food you eat (rather than it going out in urine, breaking down fat/ muscle for energy-losing weight; and if you increase calories, but not sweets, increase appropriate Insulin proportionately see dm / nutritionist specialist to help you. ...Read more

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What are the tests done to diagnose diabetes type 1?

What are the tests done to diagnose diabetes type 1?

Blood sugar: Urinalysis and Blood sugar can be diagnostic. Blood chemistries can also indicate the level of acidosis if the condition has progressed significantly. ...Read more

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What is the difference between diabetes type 1 and 2?

What is the difference between diabetes type 1 and 2?

See below: Type 2 diabetes, it's increased by age, family history and (70-90%) obesity -- which causes Insulin resistance, necessitating higher Insulin by your pancreas and eventually exhausts pancreas' ability to make sufficient insulin. Symptoms are thirst, urination, weight loss, visual blurring, fatigue, etc. Type 1 is caused by lack of Insulin secretion, not excess. ...Read more

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How is it possible that people give themselves diabetes type 1?

How is it possible that people give themselves diabetes type 1?

They don't.: The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease. ...Read more

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Could having diabetes type 1 change how your body looses weight?

No: Your weight will always be a function of how many calories you take in versus how many you burn up. If your blood sugars have been high, you would lose calories through urinating sugar. When your sugars are under control, you do not have excess sugar in the urine and therefore do not lose those calories. That is why some people notice weight gain when they start treatment for diabetes. ...Read more

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If I had diabetes type 1 as a child, what are the chances my kid will have it too?

If I had diabetes type 1 as a child, what are the chances my kid will have it too?

Higher chances: If an immediate relative (parent, sibling, child) has type 1 diabetes (t1d), one's risk of developing t1d is 10 to 20 times the risk of the general population. The risk for a child of a parent with t1d is lower if it is the mother, rather than the father, who has diabetes. If one of the parents developed t1d before age 11, their child's risk of developing t1d is somewhat higher than these figures. ...Read more

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What are some symptoms of childhood diabetes type 1?

What are some symptoms of childhood diabetes type 1?

Peeing/Drinking Alot: Prior to diagnosis kids with type 1 dm have a history of waking up at night to void (or bed wetting) and drink. Patients are thirsty because they lose so much water when high blood sugars make them void so much. Also during day. Over time belly pain and vomiting may start as ketones start building up, breathing fast, fruity breath. See the doctor asap if you notice these symptoms. ...Read more

Dr. Natalie Hodge
411 doctors shared insights

Diabetes, Type 1 (Definition)

Diabetes type 1, or juvenile onset diabetes, is when the body's immune system attacks the cells of the pancreas that make insulin. This impacts the body's ability to process sugar. Type 1 diabetics require insulin injections. ...Read more


Dr. Tyrone Malloy
225 doctors shared insights

Endocrine System (Definition)

The endocrine system is a group of organs composed of glands that secrete hormones. These hormones have important regulatory functions such as growth, metabolism, ...Read more