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Doctor insights on: Diabetes Mellitus Medscape

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,331 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the ...Read more


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How are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus different?

How are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus different?

Very different: Diabetes mellitus is the typical "diabetes" that we are familiar with. It's caused by an Insulin problem (too little or just not working well (resistance)) causing elevation in blood sugar. Diabetes insipidus is a water problem characterized by lots of urination and high sodium level. It's caused by an ADH (vasopressin) (antidiuretic hormone) problem (too little or just not working well). ...Read more

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How is gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed?

How is gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed?

High blood sugar: Pregnancy can make a woman's body resistant to Insulin (similar to type 2 diabetes). If she was not diabetic before being pregnant and meets one of several sets of criteria for diabetes after becoming pregnant, then she may have gestational diabetes. This gives her an increased risk of developing diabetes after delivering the baby. Usually found during routine glucose tolerance testing. Thanks! ...Read more

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Possible complications of diabetes mellitus?

Possible complications of diabetes mellitus?

Many: Diabetes is a multi system disease. Therefore it can affect almost any part of your body. You name, i can tie a potential diabetic complication. I'll quickly go head to toe. 1: brain - stroke 2: eyes: blindness 3: heart: coronary disease 4: gi: gastroparesis (slowing) 5: genito/urinary: erectile dysfunction 6: legs: poor circulation this is just a small sampling! ...Read more

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What is diabetes mellitus?

What is diabetes mellitus?

"Sugar diabetes": Diabetes mellitus is the medical term for the common form of diabetes. Diabetes is a word which originally meant "flow like a siphon" or "frequent urination" and mellitus means "sweet". This is the most common form of diabetes in the us i.e. Diabetes mellitus type 2.This is from Insulin resistance which occurs mostly from obesity. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Glucose intolerance: The short paragraph here doesn't give me alot to explain this, but basically pregnancy is a relatively glucose resistant state and the more times you are pregnant, the more likely you get gestational diabetes. There are alterations in Insulin levels and Insulin resistance during the pregnancy. The typical american diet of high sugar processed foods doesn't help. ...Read more

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Is diabetes mellitus hereditary at all?

Is diabetes mellitus hereditary at all?

Yes!: The simple answer is yes, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are hereditary. Type 1 diabetes seems to need a second trigger in most, the risk of an identical twin getting type 1 is about 1/3 and a non twin sibling about 6% so other factors play a clear role. In twins if one has type 2 DM the risk to the other is about 90% and if there is a family hx the risk is 5-10X the normal population (12-14%). ...Read more

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Gestational diabetes mellitus--what are risk factors or causes?

Weight/Family Hist.: Obesity is a major risk for any diabetes. The other factor is genetics. There are many women of asian descent who have a normal weight (and body mass index), but develop gestational or regular diabetes. Obesity is one that people can modify though. ...Read more

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What causes Gestational diabetes?

What causes Gestational diabetes?

Insulin Resistance: Gestational Diabetes is the development of glucose "intolerance" after the diagnosis of pregnancy has been made. During pregnancy, at least 6 factors are produced by the pregnancy that interfere with the body's ability to manage blood sugar by blocking the action of insulin. Age, weight, previous history,, and family history are among the risk factors. Diet,and/or medication (oral or insulin) ...Read more

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How are diabetes mellitus and just diabetes different?

How are diabetes mellitus and just diabetes different?

Old latin term: Type i diabetes, juvenile diabetes is found in children who have lost pancreatic production of Insulin and have poor growth, frequent infections and elevated blood sugar. This may be autoimmune or allergy driven. Type ii diabetes, adult onset, commonly found in patients with Insulin resistance, central obesity and poor exercise habits. The latin term is now shortened to diabetes (type i or ii). ...Read more

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Is diabetes type II diabetes curable?

Is diabetes type II diabetes curable?

Yes and No.: Diabetes is genetic. We can treat the disease and then management will take care of the rest. Proper diet, exercise, management of stress all play a role. The younger you are and healthier you keep your ideal weight for age and height, the better chances you have to become "diet" regulated versus "medicine" regulated. Talk with your primary doc or meet with an endocrinologist. ...Read more

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Why diabetes mellitus is risk factor tuberculosis?

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Why diabetes mellitus is risk factor tuberculosis?

Immune function: Diabetes, especially uncontrolled diabetes, causes neutrophils to not behave as well as they should, so infections are both more likely and more frequent. Tuberculosis is one of these, and tends to be more severe in a poorly controlled diabetic. ...Read more

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Is gestational diabetes hereditary?

Is gestational diabetes hereditary?

Yes, but partially: Gestational diabetes, which is often a precursor to type 2 diabetes, has a strong hereditary genetic component. The tendency for the body to be insulin-resistant and insulin-deficient (leading to high sugars) are often transmitted in the genetic make-up. However, gestational diabetes is also strongly related to other non-hereditary factors like age, weight, physical activity levels, and diet habits. ...Read more

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Can diabetes mellitus type 1 have tattoo?

Can diabetes mellitus type 1 have tattoo?

Yes, but...: Diabetic patients always at greater risk of infection from it than normal people... So avoid , but if 'insist' , do when sugars well controlled. ...Read more

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Why there is hyperlipidemia in diabetes mellitus?

Why there is hyperlipidemia in diabetes mellitus?

Hyperlipidemia: Is essentially high cholesterol. Diabetes is a distinct disorder. Some folks have one or the other and you appear to have both. Both need to be treated. Please see your doc who can help you. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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What is diabetes mellitus type 2 uncontrolled?

What is diabetes mellitus type 2 uncontrolled?

DM2: Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus means the blood sugar numbers are regularly too high, which could lead to diabetic complications to the heart, eyes, kidneys and blood vessels and nerves. Type 2 DM is the more common, adult-onset, hereditary form of diabetes. ...Read more