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Doctor insights on: Description Of Hiv Virus

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What is the definition or description of: human immunodeficiency virus?

What is the definition or description of: human immunodeficiency virus?

More precisly: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. ...Read more

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Dr. Adam Lewis
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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If I'm HIV positive, how can I ensure I don't spread the virus to my partner(s)?

If I'm HIV positive, how can I ensure I don't spread the virus to my partner(s)?

Safe sex, HIV Rx: Congratulations on your responsible approach! 1) Inform all partners so they can choose to have sex with you or not, or to avoid some sexual practices. 2) Always use condoms for vaginal or anal sex. 3) Be in medical care, religiously take anti-HIV drugs, and keep your viral load low. Your doctor or clinic can fill in the details. If you do all these, you will never infect a sex partner. ...Read more

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How large is the HIV virus?

Very small: A single HIV virus particle has been measured at around 0.1 micros (0.0001 mm). ...Read more

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How long a HIV virus lives?

A few hours: Although HIV can survive outside the body for a few hours in certain bodily fluids, it cannot function when dry. The virus cannot infect some one unless it enters the body. ...Read more

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How long does a HIV virus lives?

A few hours: Although HIV can survive outside the body for a few hours in certain bodily fluids, it cannot function when dry. The virus cannot infect some one unless it enters the body. ...Read more

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How can I contract the HIV virus?

How can I contract the HIV virus?

Depends: Contracting HIV depends on multiple factors, including the type of exposure, how much virus is present from the hiv+ person, and host susceptibility, to name a few factors. Receiving an infected blood product is likely highest risk (though blood is screened rigorously). Risk of HIV sexual transmission depends on type of sexual behavior with anal sex being at higher risk than vaginal than oral sex. ...Read more

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How can humans contract the HIV virus?

How can humans contract the HIV virus?

HIV: Hiv can be transmitted via anal ; oral sex, blood transfusion, use of contaminated needles, breastfeeding ; during pregnancy ; delivery. ...Read more

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How long can HIV virus live in the air?

How long can HIV virus live in the air?

HIV: Cdc laboratory studies have shown that drying HIV reduces the viral amounts by 90 to 99 percent within several hours. There have been no cases of HIV that were transmitted from contaminated surfaces. ...Read more

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By what means the HIV virus come to be?

By what means the HIV virus come to be?

Natural evolution: Over time, all things evolve, including viruses. It is thought that an early form of HIV (called siv) started in monkeys and perhaps was transmitted to humans thru eating monkey meat. Viruses can mutate and evolve to become fitter over time ("survival of the fittest") and eventually came to be HIV as we know it today. In fact, HIV still continues to evolve and mutate to evade current HIV meds! ...Read more

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For how long can the HIV virus live in open ?

For how long can the HIV virus live in open ?

No worries re: HIV: HIV -the virus that causes AIDS is acquired from sexual activity or injection drug use. You cannot get HIV infection from blood outside the body -since once it leaves the body it dies right away. This is obviously a good thing. For some viruses though, like Hepatitis B -they CAN survive outside the body. In India there's some Hep B there. There is a Hep B vaccine you can get. Hope you can be safe. ...Read more

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Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,422 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more