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Doctor insights on: Description Of Anemia

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What is the definition or description of: iron deficiency anemia?

What is the definition or description of: iron deficiency anemia?

Low iron Low RBCs: It refers to a low number of red cells in the circulation resulting from a decrease in production in the bone marrow as a result of low amounts of iron available for this purpose. It is the most common type of anemia in the world, commonly due to dietary deficiency, multiple pregnancies, menstrual periods, chronic parasitic infestations, or other causes of chronic bleeding such as colon cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Ginsberg
1,283 doctors shared insights

Anemia (Definition)

Any condition where there is a decrease in the red blood ...Read more


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What is the definition or description of: pernicious anemia?

Due 2 B12 deficiency: It is a decline in the amount of red cells in the circulation as a result of impaired production in the bone marrow resulting from a lack of vitamin b12. This is most commonly as a consequence of impaired absorption due to an autoimmune condition affecting the stomach lining. If untreated, it may also lead to brain and spinal cord problems. It is easily treatable with replacement therapy. ...Read more

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What are the causes of macrocytic hypochromic anemia?

What are the causes of macrocytic hypochromic anemia?

See below: Macrocytic anemia has several causes. Most common causes are vitamins B12 and folate (folic acid) deficiency, liver disease, alcohol excess. There are other less common causes. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: hemolytic anemia?

What is the definition or description of: hemolytic anemia?

RBC breakdown: Hemolytic anemia is where red blood cells are destroyed too quickly. There are many possibilities that would cause this rbc breakdown. Antibodies, abnormal rbc membranes (spherocytosis), abnormal hemoglobins (sickle cell, thalassemia), abnormal rbc enzymes. If hemolytic anemia is is suspected, many tests may be ordered to determine the cause. ...Read more

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What are the causes of pernicious anemia?

What are the causes of pernicious anemia?

Autoimmune disease: Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune disease producing autoantibodies against intrinsic factor found in the lining of the stomach. This leads to lack of absorption of vitamin B12 which is important in making blood cells and for nourishment of the nervous system. Treatment would be by replacement of B12 via injections or absorption into the body by other means (nasal spray). ...Read more

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What is the symptoms of sickle cell anemia?

Anemia, pain, crises: The most frequent presenting signs/symptoms of sickle cell include anemia and typical sickle cell crises which include pain crises (severe pain in arms, legs, shoulders, back), acute chest crisis (shortness of breath, cough, fever, lung infiltrate), dactylitis (pain toes/fingers usually as a toddler) and others. Most patients that have sickle cell trait are completely asymptomatic. ...Read more

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What cause the symptoms of sickle cell anemia?

What cause the symptoms of sickle cell anemia?

Symptoms of SS: The altered shape of the red blood cells causes them to stack up together and clog blood vessels, depriving the tissues of adequate blood supply and oxygen. The tissues then die (infarct) and this causes pain. The red cells also rupture or are eaten by the spleen and cause anemia. The spleen itself will gradually infarct, leaving the patient susceptible to infections. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is cooley anemia?

What sort of disease is cooley anemia?

Cooley Anemia: Cooley's anemia aka beta thalassemia or mediterranean anemia. It is a complicated set of disorders resutling in the underproduction of beta globin chains and subsequent underproduction of hemoglobin and the associated anema. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Hemolytic disease of newborn?

What is the definition or description of: Hemolytic disease of newborn?

HDN: During pregnancy, red blood cells from the unborn baby can cross into the mother's blood through the placenta. Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn occurs when the immune system of the mother sees a baby's red blood cells as foreign and produces antibodies against the baby's red blood cells. These antibodies attack the red blood cells in the baby's blood and cause them to break down too early. ...Read more

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What is the medecine of severe aplastic anemia?

What is the medecine  of severe aplastic anemia?

Immune therapy: Most of the medicines we use for aplastic anemia are immune modulatory in nature. We use steroids, antithyroglobulin (atg), cyclosporine, and sometimes chemotherapy. ...Read more

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Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is what sort of symptoms or problems?

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is what sort of symptoms or problems?

Tiredness: In autoimmune hemolytic anemia (aiha) red cells get broken open due to destruction by antibodies which attach to the red cell. This leads to anemia and fatigue, tiredness, and sometimes yellow eyes (scleral icterus) and yellow skin (jaundice). ...Read more

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What are causes of normocytic hyperchromic anemia?

What are causes of normocytic hyperchromic anemia?

Hemolytic anemia: Anemia can be due to many factors and to even begin to know, clues are found on the size(normo, macro, micro) and coloration (hypo(pale color), normochromic(normal red color). When red cells lack a normal center, as in spherical forms, " hyperchromic" is used loosely, though the correct term may be spherocytes. Hemolytic anemia, with many causes, lead to normochromic "hyperchromic"anemia. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of aplastic anemia?

What are the symptoms of aplastic anemia?

Aplastic anemia: Aplastic anemia can make all of the blood cells low. Low red cells causes anemia. The symptoms of anemia can be fatigue, dizziness, pallor, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Low white cells make the patient susceptible to fever and a variety of infections. Low platelets make one likely to have bruising, bleeding, or petechiae (small purple freckles on the skin). ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: vitamin B12 deficiency?

LACK OF ABSORPTION: B12 deficiency can be due to a lack of absorption or intake from diet. Since B12 is primarily found in animal products (e.g., dairy, egg, meat, etc.) vegetarians are more at risk. A deficiency is suspected when rbcs increase in size (e.g., high MCV and/or MCH in cbc) and can cause megaloblastic anemia. Symptoms can include fatigue and neuropathy. It is best corrected with methyl B12 by injection. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is aplastic anemia?

What sort of problem is aplastic anemia?

Aplastic anemia: Aplastic anemia is a serious problem of the blood sytem and bone marrow. The problem is that the bone marrow, where new blood cells are normally made, stops producing new cells, so you end up with low red blood cell counts, low white blood cell counts, and low platelet counts. The causes may be nutritional, cancer-related, toxin-related (eg, certain drugs), or genetic. See a hematologist. ...Read more

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What is the definition of Meissner's corpuscle?

What is the definition of Meissner's corpuscle?

Meissner's corpuscle: Meissner's corpuscle is a sensory nerve ending found in skin of toes, fingers & lips that is sensitive to mechanical stimulation liket light touch. ...Read more