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Doctor insights on: Hypertension

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Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
320 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Overview)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to flow within the vessels.


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Can you please discuss definition of hypertension and describe causative factors?

Can you please discuss definition of hypertension and describe causative factors?

BP above 140/90: Normal BP is below 120/80. BP between 120-139 systolic or 80-90 diastolic is prehypertension. BP at or above 140 or 90 is hypertension. Main causative factors are overweight, alcohol, too much salt, and genetics. You can be a thin non-drinker and still have genetic hypertension. Rare causes include some medications, and kidney or adrenal disease. Happy to answer any other questions you may have. ...Read more

Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
320 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Overview)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to flow within the vessels.


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Can you describe the epidemiology of hypertension?

Can you describe the epidemiology of hypertension?

See below: Darwin labarthe wrote a book called the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, there is a chapter on hypertension. Basically, it increases you get older and gain weight. It is more common in african americans and those with high salt and poor diets rich in fats and starches. It is also common in those with kidney problems and those with sleep apnea. ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

What is hypertension?

Elevated BP: Hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90 (either value). Normal BP is considered 120/80 with pre-hypertension as 120-140/80-90. For pre-hypertension recommendations include improved diet (low salt) and exercise with consideration of an anti-hypertensive medication. Hypertension can lead to problems such as heart attack and stroke and usually does not cause any symptoms. ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

Persistent elevation: of resting BP above 140/90 is what most doctors use to define hypertension. We usually require three readings at three different dates before diagnosing the disorder. ...Read more

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What is hypertension?

What is hypertension?

High blood pressure: For an adult, a blood pressure of >135 systolic (the top number) or >85 (the bottom number), when taken at rest and averaged over multiple readings at different times, is considered to be high or "hypertensive.". ...Read more

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What cause hypertension?

Hypertension: There are several medical causes of hypertension such as renal artery stenosis, hyperthyroidism, but most often the cause is unknown often called essential hypertension. The most important factor is that you get and keep your blood pressure controlled. ...Read more

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Symptoms of hypertension?

Renal Failure&stroke: Problem is you usually don't notice anything. If hypertension persists untreated it can lead to renal (kidney) failure, stroke, heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, etc. At the very least, you can get your blood pressure checked in many supermarkets or pharmacies at their automated blood pressure machines. Desirable results would be less than 120/80 mm hg. ...Read more

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What causes hypertension?

What causes hypertension?

Many Factors: Hypertension can be secondary due to conditions in cardiovascular system like coarctation of aorta, adrenals or kidneys and renovascular(from renal artery stenosis) or it may be primary also called essential which may be due to genetic predisposition and made worse by life style like obesity, high salt intake, lack of exercise and smoking. ...Read more

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What causes hypertension?

Hypertension: Hypertension has no definate etiology but there are several risk factors that can lead a person to become hypertensive.There 2 types of hypertension 1. Primary which has no etiology except Family Hx. Metabolic Syndrome, ObesitySmoking,Drinking,Inactivity. Secondary causes which include,Renal diseases like renal artery stenosis,Pheochromocytoma,Hyperthyroidism,certain medication. ...Read more

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Can hypertension be cured?

Can hypertension be cured?

It depends: Some causes of hypertension are reversible, most are not because in 95% of the cases we do not know what causes the development of high blood pressure. I suggest you read the following article: http://www.Heart.Org/heartorg/conditions/highbloodpressure/preventiontreatmentofhighbloodpressure/prevention-treatment-of-high-blood-pressure_ucm_002054_article.Jsp. ...Read more

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