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Doctor insights on: Hypertension

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Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
325 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Overview)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to flow within the vessels.


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What is intercranial hypertension?

What is intercranial hypertension?

Intracranial HTN: Intracranial hypertension means that the pressure of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull is too high. Brain has the fluid inside and is also surrounded by the fluid. Since the skull is closed any increase in this fluid will cause the pressure to go up. This is very serious. Intracranial hypertension in adults is generally defined as intracranial pressure that reaches 250mmh2o or above. ...Read more

Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
325 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Overview)

A blood pressure reading has two numbers: a systolic blood pressure and a diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure is the maximum pressure the blood exerts on the vessels when the heart is beating. The diastolic blood pressure is the pressure the blood exerts on the vessels in between heartbeats. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, begins when the systolic blood pressure remains above 140 or when the diastolic blood pressure remains above 90. Hypertension can be a result of increased blood flow through vessels or increased resistance to flow within the vessels.


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What is primary pulmonary hypertension like?

What is primary pulmonary hypertension like?

PH: High blood pressure in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (ph) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah). Primary ph is now known as idiopathic (no clear cause) pah which is a chronic and life-changing disease that can lead to breathlessness and right heart failure if left untreated. ...Read more

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What is "persistent pulmonary hypertension?

What is "persistent pulmonary hypertension?

HIGH BP in the LUNG: Persistant pulmonary HTN means that the the blood pressure in the lung is elevated even during rest. There can be many causes including heart and lung diseases, blood clots in the lung and primary disease of the blood vessel of the lung. It can be difficult to diagnose, sometimes unrecognized for months to years. Symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain and sometimes dizziness. ...Read more

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Are vascular conditions a common complication of pulmonary hypertension?

Are vascular conditions a common complication of pulmonary hypertension?

No: Complications of pulmonary HTN include acute right heart failure insitu pulmonary clots and eventual refractory respiratory failure. This is related to progressive pulmonary artery narrowing, which is a hallmark of the disease not a complication of it. ...Read more

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What is pulmonary hypertension?

What is pulmonary hypertension?

See below: Normal pulmonary artery pressure (pap) in a person living at sea level has mean value of 12-16 mm of hg.Pulmonary hypertension is present when mean pa pressure is above25 mm of hg at rest or 30 mm of hg with exercise! ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary hypertension?

What are the symptoms of idiopathic pulmonary  hypertension?

PH symptoms: High blood pressure in the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (ph) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (pah). Idiopathic pah has no known cause. Symptoms are non-specific and often include shortness of breath, chest discomfort, light headedness, and even exertional fainting. ...Read more

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What is idiopathic intracranial hypertension?

What is idiopathic intracranial hypertension?

Unknown cause: Ideopathic means unknown. Pressure in the brain is usually due to tumor or infection. If these are ruled out, the pressure is considered ideopathic. Another term can be pseudo tumor. There can be normal pressure hydrocephalus in the elderly, but reducing "pressure" makes them better. ...Read more

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Renal hypertension is a form of secondary hypertension. Right?

Renal hypertension is a form of secondary hypertension. Right?

Yes: Many renal diseases, e.g., renal artery stenosis, chronic pyelo- or glomerulo- nephritis, radiation injury and some tumors can cause hypertension. ...Read more

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Could you please describe hypertensive and arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease?

Could you please describe hypertensive and arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease?

Ok: Hypertensive is high blood pressure with stress on heart which responds by enlarging hypertrophic less functional muscle- muscle-bound! atherosclerosis is plaque deposits in luminal (phenobarbital) surface of the blood vessels causing obstruction and ischemia and damage by heart attack. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension the same as hypertension?

Is pulmonary hypertension the same as hypertension?

No: Pulmonary HTN refers to increased pressures in the arteries between the heart and lung downstream from the right ventricle while hypertension refers to systemic arterial high blood pressure (the arteries that are downstream from the left ventricle. ...Read more

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What is systolic hypertension?

What is systolic hypertension?

High blood pressure: Blood pressure is a systolic number over a diastolic number: the heart never fully goes down to 0 pressure so there is a squeeze pressure and a coast or relax pressure. Systolic hypertension means the top number is too high. ...Read more

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Could hypertension lead to pulmonary hypertension?

Could hypertension lead to pulmonary hypertension?

Yes: There are many causes of pulmonary hypertension and one specific cause is from left heart disease. If systemic high blood pressure (hypertension) remains untreated for a long time, it can cause consequences to the left ventricle of the heart and cause problems of relaxation or thickening. This in turn causes high pressure in the left side of the heart and ultimately backup of blood and Pulm Hyptn. ...Read more

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Symptoms of hypertension?

Symptoms of hypertension?

Renal Failure&stroke: Problem is you usually don't notice anything. If hypertension persists untreated it can lead to renal (kidney) failure, stroke, heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, etc. At the very least, you can get your blood pressure checked in many supermarkets or pharmacies at their automated blood pressure machines. Desirable results would be less than 120/80 mm hg. ...Read more

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What is danger of primary pulmonary hypertension?

What is danger of primary pulmonary hypertension?

Life-threatening: Untreated, it can be fatal. There are many factors that influence survival such as age, sex, presence of heart failure, etc. Thus, it is best not to make a general statement before a thorough evaluation. The key is early evaluation and treatment. ...Read more

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How is cerebral hypertension different from hypertension?

How is cerebral hypertension different from hypertension?

Local vs systemic: Cerebral hypertension refers to increased pressure in your brain. Hypertension refers to increased systemic blood pressure, generally without increased pressure in your brain. ...Read more

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What is pathophysiology polyhydramnions cause hypertension?

What is pathophysiology polyhydramnions cause hypertension?

Polyhydramnios: Polyhydramnios is an over abundance of amniotic fluid. There are many causes including fetal anomalies, diabetes, and an unknown. A good ultrasound examining the fetus for abnormalities is indicated. Polyhydramnios does not usually cause hypertension in the mother. That is more commonly due to either underlying high blood pressure or developing pre-eclampsia. ...Read more

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Can you describe microvascular angina?

Can you describe microvascular angina?

Unseen vessel: Hello paris -- microvascular angina is more common in women -- these are chest pain caused by smaller blood vessels within the heart muscle -- and usually undetectable by the naked eyes. ...Read more

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What is secondary hypertension?

What is secondary hypertension?

Secondary to another: Medical condition. Most hypertension is called essential or primary hypertension . Not caused by another medical condition. Conditions that cause hypertension include but are not limited to tumors called pheochromacytomas , cushing's disease or syndrome, renal disease and renal artery stenosis. There are many other conditions that can cause high blood pressure . ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension?

What are the symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension?

Short of breath: The initial symptoms include shortness of breath at exertion which can progress to shortness of breath at rest. Other symptoms can include chest pain and dizziness. In the more advanced stages of the disease the patient will notice leg swell, water retention, rapid heart rates. ...Read more

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Dr. Payam Mehranpour
2,106 doctors shared insights

Hypertension (Definition)

Hypertension is defined as elevated blood pressure systolic over 140 and diastolic over ...Read more