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Doctor insights on: Defect Birth

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Urethral valve and bladder valve for babies will get mature as they grow older if there is defect from birth?

Urethral valve and bladder valve for babies will get mature as they grow older if there is defect from birth?

Yes and no: They would mature, but not resolve.The posterior urethral valve or valves is a birth defect in the formation of the outflow tract.About 95% of cases are treated with surgical removal of the obstructing portion of this defect and followed to assure proper emptying of the urinary tract.Untreated defects can result in eventual kidney failure. ...Read more

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How do you know if your baby has a neural tube defect before birth?

How do you know if your baby has a neural tube defect before birth?

MSAFP and ultrasound: Maternal serum Alpha fetoprotein at 16 weeks and detailed ultrasound at 18-20 weeks should detect fetal open neural tube defects with 96% accuracy. Closed neural tube defects are more difficult to diagnose but are more innocuous too. ...Read more

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I have a small ventricular septal defect from birth. How careful should I be about my social habits (smoking, drinking)?

I have a small ventricular septal defect from birth. How careful should I be about my social habits (smoking, drinking)?

Small risk: You have a vsd or a small hole between the two ventricles or pumping chambers of the heart. Realistically there is no direct risks between smoking and drinking and this vsd (although smoking is never healthy and i would not suggest more than 1 drink / day)
you should see a cardiologist and have an echocardiogram to monitor this abnormality. ...Read more

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What if an 11 year old gave birth? My friend had sex and is worried that she is now pregnat. She is worried about the rashs, and sudden craving of junk food. She also took a test and it turned out positive...... What are some of the defects of birth this

What if an 11 year old gave birth? My friend had sex and is worried that she is now pregnat. She is worried about the rashs, and sudden craving of junk food. She also took a test and it turned out positive...... What are some of the defects of birth this

Hello. : Hello. That is very sad that your friend had sex at age 11. A pregnancy test has to be done exactly the way the instructions say. If it sits out too long, it will indicate it is positive even if the girl is not pregnant. Your friend's mother can help her do another pregnancy test, to make sure it was done correctly. It is very important that the girls' parents or guardians are made aware of this. Whether or not she is pregnant, she really needs help. If she gives birth at age 11 or 12, it will be hard on her physically and emotionally. If she is not pregnant, she may have problems with self esteem if she is willing to do something that she is so clearly not prepared for. If your friends parents don't know and you feel torn about what to do, i suggest you discuss it with your parents. By the way, pregnancy usually cause a rash. ...Read more

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If I had heart defect at birth, do I see my pediatric doctor before trying to get pregnant?

If I had heart defect at birth, do I see my pediatric doctor before trying to get pregnant?

Cardiologist: You should probably get a cardiology consult just to make sure that there is no remaining functional deficit. Then your fetus should get a pediatric cardiologist to do an echo during pregnancy, as some defects are hereditary. ...Read more

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What are birth defects from anticonvulsants?

What are birth defects from anticonvulsants?

Several types: Major congenital malformations include: spina bifida or heart defects. Other important ones include cleft lip or cleft palate. More subtle, but still important ones include effects on learning and cognition during childhood. Not all anticonvulsants do theses things to the same degree. The total daily dose often helps to determine the frequency of these defects. ...Read more

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What are the causes of birth defects that are preventable?

What are the causes of birth defects that are preventable?

Pretty limited: Some birth defects such as fetal alcohol syndrome, defects associated with use of Accutane during pregnancy, and neural tube defect associated with Folic Acid deficiency are some examples whose occurrence can be minimized at least if not totally preventable. ...Read more

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Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Describe the concept of a birth defect.?

Abnormal tissue Form: In simplistic terms a bd might be considered any abnormality found in a baby at birth. A better, more specific idea is a failure of a tissue or structure to form properly in fetal development.(cleft palate). A "disruption" can create a bd -loss of fingers to amnionic bands. Chromasome defects lead to several bd's like heart defects. ...Read more

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What leads to most birth defects?

What leads to most birth defects?

Alcohol: The avoidable agent best known for producing a variety of birth defects is alcohol.The spectrum of defects varies considerably with the amount consumed during pregnancy.The most involved are born to alcoholic mothers while as few as 2 drinks a day has a a significant risk. Defects vary from decreased intellect, heart, skeletal, facial and numerous other features., . ...Read more

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Why are birth defects are on the rise?

Environment: although some birth defects are inherited others come from harmful environmental factors, and others are a result from complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. In about 50% of the cases the causes are unknown. Some birth defects can be prevented by not drinking or smoking or using street drugs during pregnancy. Talk to a healthcare provider about medications you are taking as well ...Read more

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What causes a baby to have birth defects?

Birth defect causes: 1- genetic; either inherited from parents or just random chance (new mutation)
2- Infection; toxo, herpes, varciella, syphilis, rubella, etc
3- environmental factors; like radiation
4 - Medications ...Read more

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Whats the percentage that have birth defects?

Whats the percentage that have birth defects?

3 to 4 %: The comprehensive NIH study of 50,000 pregnancies with infants followed up to the age of 7 years revealed approximately 3 to 4 % major birth defects in the neonatal period (not including genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis), defined as a condition requiring surgery, causing a significant cosmetic problem, or a significant functional problem. By age 7 years, the percentage of affected was 7% ...Read more

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Which birth defects are the most problematic to fix?

Which birth defects are the most problematic to fix?

Varies: That varies tremendously. Some are minor and don't need fixing. Some are very severe and can't be fixed at all. Many are in between; they might not be completely fixable, but the right doctor might be able to make the problem considerably better. ...Read more

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Is ADHD considered a birth defect?

Is ADHD considered a birth defect?

ADHD is not a defect: ADHD is not considered a birth defect. It is a variation in brain anatomy and chemistry that is actually fairly common. Many people with ADHD have relatives who also have it and a genetic link has been found in many cases. ...Read more

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Child with birth defects?

Child with birth defects?

And your question is: If you have a specific question please ask it. As written this collection of words does not provide enough detail to be an answerable question. ...Read more

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What are the most common birth defects?

What are the most common birth defects?

See below: About 3% of the babies are born with birth defects and there are about 20 common defects. You may wish to consult the webpage below to get more details.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/data.html. ...Read more

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What percent of babies have a birth defect?

What percent of babies have a birth defect?

About 3%: About 3 out of every 100 babies are born with some type of birth defect. Some can be very minor, and some are more serious. Some disease (like diabetes in the mother), or use of some medications in pregnancy can increase the risk of a baby having a birth defect. ...Read more

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Can birth defects occur because of the environment?

Can birth defects occur because of the environment?

In some cases: In the classical case, mercury in the waste water from a factory in japan fouled the fish they caught & ate. Pregnancies exposed to these fish often produced babies with small heads & brain damage. ...Read more

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Birth defects are on the rise. What could cause this?

Many reasons: First, are they really increasing, or are they just living. Up until recently in history most of those pregnancies with defects would miscarry or the baby die rapidly after birth. Now we save these pregnancies and children. However, if increase, it is likely the many environmental exposures we have in the industrial age, both in the air we breath and perhaps the foods we eat. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Birth defects?

What is the definition or description of: Birth defects?

Birth Defects: A physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth- it may be inherited or due to environmental influence. ...Read more

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I feel there is going to be birth defects on my baby. what do I do?

I feel there is going to be birth defects on my baby. what do I do?

Time for consultatn: I would consult with your OB about available forms of testing. There are both screening and more specific tests for a variety of issues. High resolution ultrasound can detect many structural defects while blood tests or amniocentesis can detect others. There is no overall test that could guarantee a given baby does a problem that is missed by the usual screening. ...Read more

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Are there any birth defects that are always associated with retardation?

Are there any birth defects that are always associated with retardation?

Genetic anomalies: Chromosomal abnormalities are major known causes for mental retardation. Down syndrome and fragile x syndrome are well known examples. ...Read more

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How can you prevent birth defects?

How can you prevent birth defects?

Pretty limited: Some birth defects such as fetal alcohol syndrome, defects associated with use of Accutane during pregnancy, and neural tube defect associated with Folic Acid deficiency are some examples whose occurrence can be minimized at least if not totally preventable. ...Read more

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Why so many birth defects in india?

Many factors: Poor hygiene, poor follow up and diagnostics for pregnant women, close relative marriage, acute and chronic disease, physical abuse of women and , probably, other causes. ...Read more

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Does ureaplasma cause birth defects?

Ureaplasma: Ureaplasma infection is associated with premature births as well as spontaneous abortions.During birth the organism can also infect the newborn and cause meningitis, pneumonia or septicemia (blood infection). ...Read more

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Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Can listeriosis cause birth defects?

Stillbirth: Our biggest concern is that listeria infection in the expectant woman can cause death of her fetus. There have been cases traced to eating contaminated cheese and cold cuts. Please see my guide on what food to feed your family (and fetus); there are two answers and links to food safety there. ...Read more

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Can spermicides cause birth defects?

Can spermicides cause birth defects?

Unlikely: There are 2 reports of a very slight association of birth defects in children conceived whilst mothers were using spermicides. However these were retrospective rather than prospective studies, there are many more studies that refute the likelihood of subsequent birth defects. ...Read more

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Can radiotherapy cause birth defects?

Can radiotherapy cause birth defects?

Yes: There is a possibility that if the ova or sperm are exposed to radiation then genetic changes can occur. Patients are told to wait 6 months before getting pregnant. ...Read more

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