Doctor insights on:
DoesPrazosin/other alpha blocks act on non-vascular smooth muscle e.g. the throat?If sudafed is alpha stim and contricts nasal,wouldnt it make sense?
Good question: Alphablockers used to treat hypertension seem to be specific for their action on arteriolar musculature as far as I can tell clinically. Sudafed constricts smooth muscle in vessel walls, but can stimulate smooth muscle in the lower urinary tract and cause urinary retention at times. A pharmacologist would be best qualified to answer your question however. ...Read more
Yes: The air in the smallest parts of our lungs (air sacs or alveoli) are in equilibrium with blood in tiny blood vessels called capillaries. A breathalyzer requires a deep exhalation to get the air in those small airways, and measuring the alcohol content of that air is strongly coordinated with the level of alcohol in the blood. It can be altered by temperature and by poor efforts at exhalation. ...Read more
In 150 ml. Plastic bottle there is little amount of ethyl alcohol, i poured 75 ml. Of isopropyl alcohol into it. Any danger mixing both?Using on wound
If alcohol is carcinogenic then how does percutaneous ethanol injections kill tumor cells? It seems counterintuitive
concentration: Its the concentration that matters. A small amount could be carcinogenic. A large amount is lethal to cells. ...Read more
I prefer scop patch: I find that transderm scop (scopolamine) is both well tolerated and effective. Perhaps even better is half a scop patch, but if you do this, carefully wash your hands after cutting / applying to keep the scopolamine off your fingers & out of your eyes. Another prescription favorite is zofran (ondansetron) which is quite effective for nausea. ...Read more
Diag. Copd 7/13 fine til heavy yardsprays 5/13. Respiratory distress. Keep rebounding inandout. On albuterol. Scared side affects of advair.Sensitive?
More therapy: You should avoid poor environmental conditions. You need maintenance therapy with aa laba/ics like advair which is quite safe with minor intolerance such as hoarseness. You also need a lama like spiriva or tudorza to improvee airflow. Lastly you need pulm rehab. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Accidently inhaled several deep breaths of isopropyl alcohol when getting orthodontic retainer mold. Have i killed brain cells? What damage was done?
No damage: First of all a few breaths of isopropyl alcohol once inn your life is not going to do any damage. Second, orthodontists do not use alcohol-based impression materials. They're made of other chemical compounds, so i doubt it was alcohol that you inhaled. Glad your braces are off--wear your retainers as directed. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
Ketamine Does..: Conversion of tyrosine to Dopamine is initiated (in part) by tyrosine hydroxylase (th). Long-term abuse of ketamine has been shown to cause "up regulation" and, therefore, increased production of, th as the reason for "delayed but persistent" increase in the neurotransmitter dopamine, a possible reason for "altered mental status" in those who abuse ketamine....Hmmm not sure about flumazenil! ...Read more
Found 7mm bilobed Peripheral nodule , what is bilobed ex heavy smoker .Pulmonologist wants to do bronchoscopy with BAL and biopsy could it be cancer ?
See below: I think a biopsy of a 7mm nodule would be very difficult to hit. Even using ENB and going right to the nodule, it would be difficult for a good sample at 7mm. Usually 1cm is the cut off for biopsy using guidance. I don't think it would be possible to biopsy something even 1cm without guidance unless you were just super lucky. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Lung nodules in 3 lobes of smoker. 9mm does not enhance ; no calcificat. Does this suggest small cell or large cell cancer? Needle biopsy scheduled.
Spirometry results essentially normal spirometry. Hyperinflation questionable the single breath diffusing capacity is moderately impaired. COPD?
Possible: A reduced DLCO/Va points to damage or scarring in the lung tissue and emphysema (especially if you have been a smoker) or other interstitial lung diseases may be the cause. The normal lung function however is not compatible with COPD but then I don't understand what you meant by hyperinflation in the presence of normal lung function test. See a pulmonologist. ...Read more
Is there any water insoluble component in Mylanta, Donnatal, (phenobarbital atropine hyoscyamine and scopolamine) Viscous Lidocane? Is it harmful if someone with tear in the esophagus swallow them?
Esophageal tear: The term esophageal tear is used to indicate disruption in membrane integrity. It is not a rupture which would be complete tear though out the thickness of the esophageal wall through which particles may leak, during rupture you would be advised to not to take anything by mouth. So with tear it is safe to take these medicines and they are all water soluble. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer