cystic hygroma hydrops fetalis

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What is cystic hygroma?

A lymphangioma.

Cystic_hygroma
A cystic hygroma is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can arise anywhere, but is classically found in the left posterior triangle of the neck. This is the most common form of lymphangioma. It contains large cyst like cavities containing watery fluid. Cystic hygromas are benign, but can be disfiguring. It affects children; very rarely it can present in adulthood.
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Whats the reason of my cystic hygroma?

? bad luck

Turner_syndrome
Lymphangioma develop in the neck, but they do develop as part of some syndromes, such as Turner syndrome and Down syndrome. If you have a syndrome it is a much higher chance of getting the tumor.
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What are the symptoms of cystic hygroma?

It depends.

Labor_and_delivery
Many cases of this are found in utero, or after birth, so often there are no symptoms, just the sign of a swelling in the neck by the posterior triangle at or after birth. Some can be large and can affect breathing and swallowing. They can resolve, but if they are large, they need to be drained. In any case, these patients need to be in a neonatal center capable of monitoring and treating them.
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What is the treatment for cystic hygroma?

Excision if desired

Cystic_hygroma
The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size,location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment. Small defects may be left alone if desired. Many larger defects can interfere with general functions & should be removed.
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What is the cure for cystic hygroma?

No cure per se.

Open-uri20120822-7674-1vj1jo3
Cystic hygroma (CH) is typically seen around 12-22 weeks in fetuses with Turner/Down syndrome, or severe cardiac/skeletal anomalies. It's a marker of disorders and not a problem in and of itself. As such, no specific treatment is warranted in utero. It may lead to a pregnancy loss or completely resolve. Rare newborns have persistent CH and merit consultation with plastic surgery; tincture of time!
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What are the tests for cystic hygroma?

? Tests ?

Cystic_hygroma
The cystic hygroma is usually suspected due to size,location & characteristics. Laboratory examination of the excised mass confirms the initial assessment.
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Dr. Gurmukh Singh answered:

What kind of condition is a cystic hygroma?

Developmental

Cystic_hygroma
Cystic hygromas are developmental anomalies of the lymphatics. These are generally seen in children and become large and affect nearby organs, even though the lesions themselves are benign. These are often present in the neck, back and chest.
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Can fetus die from cystic hygroma?

Not always.

Palate
This is a condition that is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can arise anywhere. It is classically found in the left posterior triangle of the neck, and contains large cyst like cavities containing watery fluid. This is benign, but a lethal version, Cowchock Wapner Kurtz syndrome, causes cystic hygroma, lymphedema and cleft palate.
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Can a baby die from cystic hygroma?

Cystic hygroma

Cystic_hygroma
Cystic hygroma often associated with fetal chromosomal anomaly some of which are lethal but not all
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Dr. Gurmukh Singh answered:

What is a cystic hygroma associated with?

Nil to chromosomal

Cystic_hygroma
Cystic hygroma can be found in healthy babies or in babies born with chromosome abnormalities. The outcome is generally better for a baby that does not have a chromosome abnormality. About 60% of cystic hygromas result from chromosome abnormalities. Common disorders associated with cystic hygroma are Turner syndrome and trisomies.
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