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Doctor insights on: Cystic Fibrosis In Toddlers

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What is cystic fibrosis in children from?

What is cystic fibrosis in children from?

Recessive gene: A mutation is carried in the dna of both unaffected parents & that matching or similar mutation is paired up at conception when the sperm & egg form completed chromasomes with the defective info. Late in pregnancy and after delivery, the effect of the CF gene abnormality begins to reveal itself. In carriers, the good gene compensates for the bad & no problems occur. ...Read more

Dr. William Walsh
992 doctors shared insights

Cystic Fibrosis (Definition)

A genetic disorder of the lungs and digestive tract. It causes recurrent lung infections and inhibits growth in patients and average life expectancy of patients with cystic fibrosis ...Read more


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When babies are born, are they screened for cystic fibrosis? Also, can a chest xray indicate cystic fibrosis in the lungs?

When babies are born, are they screened for cystic fibrosis? Also, can a chest xray indicate cystic fibrosis in the lungs?

Depends: The specifics of newborn screening are defined on a state to state basis. Many states screen for CF, but this was not added to the screening in my state until about 10 years ago. The x-ray changes that may be seen in some older CF patients are not present in early childhood and not specific to the disease when they are seen. ...Read more

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How are meconium and meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis different?

How are meconium and meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis different?

Yes: Meconium is the normal fecal debris composing the accumulated intestinal contents at birth.It is heavily colored by bile, dark and sticky. Meconium ileus can occur when the meconium has abnormal glue like stickiness caused by CF and will not empty from the bowel.The blockage can require emergency surgery. ...Read more

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What's the color of cystic fibrosis poop/stool in toddler?

What's the color of cystic fibrosis poop/stool in toddler?

Should be normal: For someone with cystic fibrosis who has known pancreatic insufficiency, treatment with pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy should lead to normalization of stool consistency & frequency. For untreated patients, CF related malabsorption causes bulky, frothy, oily, exceptionally foul smelling stools that are more frequent and loose/watery (diarrhea-like). There is no characteristic color in CF pts. ...Read more

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Can people with cystic fibrosis have children?

Can people with cystic fibrosis have children?

Women can: Men are infertile, but woman can have children, at a serious risk to their health. ...Read more

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Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

No: Two completely different diseases. CF is an inherited disorder leading to failure to clear mucus and repeated infections. It does end up with fibrosis in the lungs. Idiopathic fibrosis is a disease of unknown cause where scar tissue replaces normal lung and eventually causes respiratory failure. ...Read more

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Which is late respiratory complication in cystic fibrosis ?

Complication: Late respiratory complications of CF range from respiratory distress with declining oxygen saturation to pneumothorax. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis the same as cystic fibrosis?

Is pulmonary fibrosis the same as cystic fibrosis?

No: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease causing abnormal functioning of the mucus glands in the lung and leading to recurrent infections. Pulmonary fibrosis is a disease of progressive scarring causing loss of alveolar units that can have a variety of causes. ...Read more

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Can babies with cystic hygroma survive long?

Can babies with cystic hygroma survive long?

Yes.: This is a congenital multiloculated lymphatic lesion that can arise anywhere. It is classically found in the left posterior triangle of the neck, and contains large cyst like cavities withy watery fluid. This is benign, but a lethal version, cowchock wapner kurtz syndrome, causes cystic hygroma, lymphedema and cleft palate. This can be seen in adults, and people can live normal lives. ...Read more

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Why is CF called "cystic" and "fibrosis"?

Why is CF called "cystic" and "fibrosis"?

Old Days: Back in the "old days, " patients with CF would frequently die, and the autopsy findings of the lungs showed scarring ("fibrosis") and bubbles ("cysts, " "cystic"). Thus, it was called cystic fibrosis. We know much more now about this disease, but the old name stuck. ...Read more

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What is the difference between meconium aspiration and meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis?

What is the difference between meconium aspiration and meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis?

Meconium : Meconium is the poo you make in the womb but are not supposed to empty until after birth. It represents bile/swallowed hair & skin cells etc & is very sticky. If you poo before birth, usually due to stress, the stuff can circulate in the bag of waters. If that material gets into your lungs before, during or after labor it can cause lung disease. CF kids have poo that's too sticky & won't pass. ...Read more

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Is cystic fibrosis autosomal dominant in genetics?

Is cystic fibrosis autosomal dominant in genetics?

Recessive: Both parents must carry the gene with a 25% chance (1:4) with each conception that the baby will have cystic fibrosis. ...Read more

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In what way is cystic fibrosis inherited?

In what way is cystic fibrosis inherited?

CF is recessive: Cystic fibrosis is a disorder passed thru the genes of both parents, silent in the carrier parent & expressed in the affected kid who has inherited an affected gene from both parents.One mutation(delta 509) is the most common but others occur and variations in intensity do occur. I believe you can have carrier testing to see if u carry a gene, then avoid a starting a pregnancy with another carrier. ...Read more

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How can cystic fibrosis affect p.I.E.S development?

Certainly: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) most common life-limiting genetic disorder of Caucasians, affecting approximately 30K people in the US.A, impacting mainly respiratory function. In recent years patients symptoms better controlled by genetic findings and better medications.Emotional & phys. development depend on severity, time in hospital, complications.Morb. & mort.factors afect emotional,cognitive behavior. ...Read more

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Can a child of 13 with cystic fibrosis play vollyball without struggling?

Can a child of 13 with cystic fibrosis play vollyball without struggling?

PFTs with albuterol: An additional comment: children with CF can participate in sports if they are able to do so. Obtaining a lung function test with and without a bronchodilator to determine whether there is treatable reactivity of the airway may be useful. This can be discussed with your doctor. ...Read more

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Is meconium plug syndrome only associated with cystic fibrosis?

Not only, but often: No. Certainly patients with meconium plug have a higher risk of CF and must be tested, many babies with this do not have cf. Hirschsprung's disease should also be tested for. ...Read more

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Is cystic fibrosis because of mucus?

Kind of...: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease. Patients with the disease are born with a defective gene that is part of the body's system for making mucus, sweat, and digestive fluids. Their mucus is therefore abnormally thick and causes blockages in the lungs, pancreas and other organs that damage them and make them prone to infections and other problems. ...Read more

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Was diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. What is it like living with cystic fibrosis?

Was diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. What is it like living with cystic fibrosis?

It depends: It really depends on the severity of the disease. Not all patients experience the same symptoms and the same course. ...Read more

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How can cystic fibrosis affect p.I.E.S development?

Certainly: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) most common life-limiting genetic disorder of Caucasians, affecting approximately 30K people in the US.A, impacting mainly respiratory function. In recent years patients symptoms better controlled by genetic findings and better medications.Emotional & phys. development depend on severity, time in hospital, complications.Morb. & mort.factors afect emotional,cognitive behavior. ...Read more

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Can someone be diagnose with cystic fibrosis in their 40's?

Can someone be diagnose with cystic fibrosis in their 40's?

As a carrier: Genetic carrier testing: more than 10 million americans are symptomless carriers of the defective CF gene. This blood test can help detect carriers, who could pass CF onto their children. To have cystic fibrosis, a child must inherit one copy of the defective CF gene from each parent. ...Read more

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I have symptoms of cystic fibrosis. Is it possible to start show the symptoms in my 30's?

Yes: Yes it is possible. Presentation of cystic fibrosis varies greatly, and it is possible, depending on your specific mutation (and other factors) to present at a later age. In order to prevent late diagnoses, all states now have a newborn screen in place for cystic fibrosis. ...Read more

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I have family members with cystic fibrosis. Is it possible to start show the symptoms in my 20's?

I have family members with cystic fibrosis. Is it possible to start show the symptoms in my 20's?

Yes: However, usually an adult who is diagnosed so late has usually had chronic problems with cough and "pneumonias". That said i've diagnosed a new case in a 38 year old woman. ...Read more

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What are the chances of a child getting cystic fibrosis among the different racial groups in the u.S.?

Overall 1/3700: Acording to the CF foundation: the overall birth prevalence is 1/3700 . It can occur in any race, however the greatest incidence is in caucasians of northern european descent, being 1/2500. The other major groups affected are hispanics 1/13500, african americans 1/15000. More than 10 million of us carry one part of the defective gene, but to have the disease you must have a copy from both parents. ...Read more

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What is cystic fibrosis?

Genetic disorder: It is a genetic disorder characterized by abnormal sodium channels, which affect a great deal of problems including the respiratory and digestive systems. It is most commonly diagnosed in infants failing to gain appropriate weight, and in children who have multiple chronic infections. ...Read more

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Can you die of cystic fibrosis?

Yes but: Yes but with early diagnosis and regular care and adherence to prescribed therapy by a pediatric pulmonologist the long term survival has improved greatly in the past two decades. ...Read more

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What is cystic fibrosis exactly?

What is cystic fibrosis exactly?

Inherited disease: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that affects the cells lining the lungs, sinuses, intestines, spleen and liver. It prevents chloride ions from crossing the cell membranes properly. This can clog organ ducts. In the lungs, the extra mucus crushes the cilia and leads to more lung infections. Medications can help; in late-stage disease, lung transplantation may be life-saving. ...Read more

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What is risk of cystic fibrosis?

Depends on genes: The risk of acquiring cystic fibrosis (CF) depends on whether the parents of a child are carriers for the gene. It is estimated that about 1 in 20 americans are carriers of the CF gene. In order for a child to acquire the disease, both parents must be carriers. If both parents are carriers, there is then a 25% chance that the child will acquire the disease. ...Read more

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What exactly is cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis: CF is a genetic disease that from birth causes the body to produce a thick and sticky mucus. This mucus interferes with the ability to breath and digest food. It is life threatening, but with good management people can live into their 40s and beyond with it. ...Read more

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Can you die from cystic fibrosis?

Yes.: Although the complications of cystic fibrosis are treatable, and although the available treatments are helpful, the disorder shortens the normal life expectancy. ...Read more

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Cystic fibrosis, is it sexlinked?

Autosomal recessive.: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is not sex-linked, but autosomal recessive. That means both parents can be silent carriers--totally unaware--then each passes down this recessive (inactive) gene to their child. This child develops CF because both copies of the formerly inactive gene (1 from each parent) now have no genetic "brake" (normal dominant gene) to prevent the CF gene from expressing itself. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of cystic fibrosis?

Cough, poor growth: Common symptoms of cystic fibrosis include cough, wheeze, recurrent lung infections, poor growth, foul smelling stools, salty sweat, clubbing, and rectal prolapse. The more symptoms the greater the chance of having cystic fibrosis. Most infants today are diagnosed by newborn screening for CF before they develop any symptoms and early therapy can minimize disease symptoms. ...Read more

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How to tell if I have cystic fibrosis?

Sweat test: The gold standard to diagnose cystic fibrosis is the sweat test, which measures the amount of chloride in the sweat. The test takes a few minutes to an hour and is painless. It is done in specialized clinics and hospitals. ...Read more

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Conditions that mimic cystic fibrosis?

The list goes on : There are a whole variety of illnesses that can mimic CF from chronic cough , asthma , to immunodeficiency, broncho pulmonary dysphasia celiac disease , Alpha 1-anti trypsin deficiency. ...Read more

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What is the severity of cystic fibrosis?

What is the severity of cystic fibrosis?

Variable: This depends on the individual patient. There are several hundred CF mutations that have varying degrees of severity. The most common mutation, df508, can cause failure to thrive in infants, recurrent and very serious lung infections during childhood and often pancreatic insufficiency in children. While early diagnosis and preventive treatment have improved, CF is still a fatal disease. ...Read more

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What kind of disease is cystic fibrosis?

What kind of disease is cystic fibrosis?

Genetic: It's a genetic disease that primarily effects the lungs. Here is a great site to learn about cystic fibrosis: http://www.cff.org/ ...Read more